What are the causes of somebody looking at different cultures negatively? What issues can this type of thinking cause and what can we do to minimize it in today’s society? We will try to answer these questions by analyzing the movie “American History X.” “American History X” is a movie directed by Tony Kaye and it was released in 1998. It is about Derek Vineyard who went to prison for 3 years after killing two black people who tried to break into his car. Through the view of his little brother, Danny Vineyard, we learn that before going to prison, Derek was a skinhead and the leader of a neo-Nazi organization that committed acts of racial crime and his actions deeply influenced Danny.
The couple was ambushed and was shot many times. This scene is considered one in which contemporary Hollywood and its new use of violence was defined and made American grow accustom to acts of great violence. Director Arthur Penn pushed the limits of what is acceptable to audiences as America transformed socially and culturally. The graphic violence in the film was shocking to many, but was fitting at that time as it portrayed the rate of young Americans were dying in the Vietnam War. The movie struck a chord with the general population as Penn depicted the senselessness of these deaths through the senseless and gory deaths of Bonnie Parker and Clyde
The transformation of Hollywood continued and began in 1919. A year later, the movie industry started to grow, along with “movie stars.” In addition, Hollywood produced movie studios that made America’s public image in the movie industry. Warner Bros., Paramount, Metro Goldwyn Meyer and 20th Century Fox were one of the earliest and richest film companies who also owned their own film production sets and studios. Likewise, Universal, United and Columbia Pictures were also notable, even though not owning their own theaters. Meanwhile, Disney, Monogram, and Republic came on third-tier.
The idea of film captured many's attention, and directors started to develop new tricks and illusions in their movies. Georges Méliès for example, would literally cut out parts of a movie tape to look like people were disappearing. (Moore, page 1) Film culture started to spread to America, and they decided that movies should have a story; a plot. Movies like "Camille" and "The Blot" demonstrate that. But it was not only until the 50s, a few years after war, that movies were a very big deal.
Lifestyles of Hollywood Stars are very interesting, they can include a lot of drama and stress even though it's considered one of the best lifes to live. Adam sandler says “If your an A-lister or B-lister, the hollywood life can be great” (Alchin). To be an A-lister means the actor or actress recieves a part automatically in the film, often with a high paid salary. It is known that a lot of Hollywood stars have “rough patches” which is usually depression, substance abuse, and disease (Film). In conclusion, Hollywood and the movie industry have changed and grown so much.
When talking about these different film movements we think of The French New Wave, Italian Neo-Realism, The Golden Age of Hollywood, The Silent Era, German expressionism etc. Every single one of these film movements served a purpose and based on their setting both politically and socially at the time they were able to gain a large fan base and were also used to serve different purposes altogether. The use of film as propaganda in countries like Russia became a norm, films showcasing the world for what it was, like in Italian Neo-Realism and the French New Wave gave people a lot to think about, escapist films which came into being after major downfalls had occurred in society e.g. the wall
stated, 'The movies reach out and grab you'. That what he thought was extraordinary about Alfred Hitchcock. when the film "Jaws" directed by Steven Spielberg burst onto cinemas on June 20, 1975, the film stunned crowds with a frightening creature. and until now many haven't known the real-life series of shark assaults in 1916 that sent New Jersey's coast into a madness and are said to have influenced the hair-raising novel and blockbuster "Jaws", which it cost generally $7 million to make, would go to an overall net more than $470 million all around the world, initiating the career of movie producer Steven Spielberg, starting a model for how huge spending films are made and advertised, and molding a key piece of well-liked culture. The thriller film turned into the first to break the $100 million target at the U.S. film industry, toppling records set by "The Exorcist" and "The Godfather".
It is a natural human instinct to want to be acknowledge by your peers, yet it is also important to be a critical thinker. Irving Janis in 1972 created the term groupthink. He believed groupthink occurs inside a group of similar people that want to keep from being different, resulting in incoherent decision-making. The 1957 film "12 Angry Men," uses groupthink, which influenced the verdict vote in the case of a teenager accused of murdering his father. The purpose of this essay is to examine groupthink and to represent Dr. Irving Janis’ symptoms of groupthink in the film.
Having the perception to comprehend the occurrence of an event is not a dumbfounded characteristic. Therefore, when a person argues that a juvenile was not aware of their crime is a discrediting claim. In 1990 in the city of Chicago, a couple expecting their first child were murdered in cold blood in the hands of a juvenile teen. The teen shot both the husband and the wife who pleaded for their lives and the life of their unborn child. Author of “Juvenile Justice Information Exchange”, Jennifer Jenkins states, “He reported to a friend, who testified at his trial, about his ‘thrill kill’ that he just wanted to ‘see what it would feel like to shoot someone’”.
We are in an era where VFX’s propagation is unstoppable, the audience is getting used to seeing spectacular effects on big and small screens, so there is the real and concrete possibility that Visual Effects will change films beyond the things we imagine and recognise today. Try to visualise it in 20 years time from now, perhaps films will undergo an evolution from confined cinema screens to a fully immersive experience or, idealistically speaking, to a real interactive experience, that’s because we are of course at the height of the Virtual Reality revolution. To mention the economic argument made before, we are investing a lot of money on this brand-new technology available for home entertainment, gaming, cinema and advertising, and we are spending money to support VFX artists too, since they need to have solved problems that affect 360 degree shots and its related compositing, HDR lighting, stereo dealing and digital assets. Film companies and VFX industry might seriously take advantage of the power and potential of Virtual Reality in the future, in order to create something that pushes spectators into the action with a complete 360° view of the surrounding, giving to people the possibility to literally be present alongside the characters as the story goes