Studies have shown that women have reported histories of physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, more than men which contribute to their mental instability. In 2005, 73.1 percent of women in state prisons had a mental health problem (Daniel, 2007). 80 percent of incarcerated women meet the criteria for at least one lifetime psychiatric disorder (Daniel, 2007). Substance abuse, dependence, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression appear to be the most common mental health problems for female inmates (Daniel, 2007). Incarcerated women have also shown a strong link between childhood abuse and adult mental health problems.
Many of these woman that are currently incarcerated have at some point in their lives experienced some sort of mental, physical, and sexual abuse. Women of color are also 5 times more likely to get incarceration than their white counter parts. The era of mass incarceration is stronger than ever here are that facts and solutions to this problem. Let’s first
Violence against nursing staff and peer-to-peer assault is a significant problem on adult inpatient psychiatric units (Delaney & Johnson, 2006). OSHA (2015) reports less than two employees per 10,000 in private industry suffered injuries related to workplace violence compared to 7.8 cases per 10,000 employees in hospitals. The negative result of staff injury is the “hidden costs” of low “productivity, morale and employee retention” (OSHA, 2013, p. 4). The current practice model on psychiatric units is an emphasis on maintaining a therapeutic milieu and the use of de-escalation techniques as needed to address agitated, aggressive and assaultive behaviors (Delaney & Johnson, 2006). If de-escalation is unsuccessful, then the next staff interventions
2.4 Needle-stick Incidents (NSIs) Nurses are the most risk of needle-stick incident compared to other healthcare workers. In fact, nurses tend to be exposed 4.27 times more often than physicians. A study in Pakistan revealed that in addition to very high rates of NSIs, low safety practices including inadequate vaccination coverage, unavailability of infection control guidelines and other preventive facilities were reported. Other studies found that injuries from contaminated needles and other sharp devices used in healthcare settings have been associated with transmission of more than 20 different blood borne pathogens to nurses such as hepatitis B and HIV .In Gaza strip, a study conducted by Eljedi reported that 66% of health care workers
It should be outlawed because it can lead to long-lasting biological suffering in some women as well as emotional pain which may cause suicide. According to a study from the Elliot Institute (2001), scientists found out that: “the average annual suicide rate per 100,000 women was 3.0 for delivering women, compared to 7.8 for aborting women. The national average suicide rate for women between the ages of 15 and 44 is 5.2 per 100,000 women.” The data shows that after abortion, women actually will have higher suicide rates due to psychological trauma. Moreover, abortions are related to other health concerns. From immediate side effect for abortion, women may feel nausea, headache and vomiting; from short-term, abortions will cause allergy, infection or even prolonged bleeding, many women will bleed 9-16 days, and 1 in 12 will bleed 30 days or more and in the long term, if any parts of the fetus or placenta are left in the womb, it will affect future fertility.
Women get physically damaged from abortions and even at times killed by many complications such as cervical laceration or uterine perforation (Carbone, 1998, p. 165) If abortion is performed in a well developed country it is actually one of the safest operations in medicine. However, unsafe abortions, performed by people without proper training and outside a medical environment, result in about seventy thousand maternal deaths and five million disabilities per year globally, with twenty million of those performed unsafely (Samrah Faiz - Karachi, 2012, p.single page). Doctors have also made a link between abortion and breast cancer; more long term effects are yet to be discovered. Nonetheless, abortion results in many disease disabilities and some cases sterility; the inability to produce offspring. Eventually, the health problems related to abortion may go beyond what anyone expects so women have to be extremely
Nancy Kellogg did research on the amount of times children were taken to the hospital based on injuries similar to those of abuse. In her research she realized that female children were more prone to have injuries similar to abuse in their vaginal area because of the level of sensitivity the area has. With further research she then realized that few children were taken to the hospital because of actual abuse. Dr. Kellogg study opened the eyes of many parents who did not realize that giving their daughters bubble baths could cause then so much harm. Out of 184 only 12% of the cases had some type of abuse.
been left to local or state governments or non-profit organizations. This not only raises public awareness, but provides hope for those who feel powerless when someone they care about has experienced abuse. However, adult maltreatment is still falling behind fields, such as child abuse and violence against women, in federal funding. Furthermore, after reading the book “Protecting the Shadow.” There were a couple of cases of adult maltreatment that really affected me. One, was the case of an 86 year old lady named Leona Pendleton, who was showing signs of illness, and spent more time in her bedroom than usual.
When massive amounts of black women are put into prisons with women who carry infectious diseases, it puts the well-being of women of color at risk (Freudenberg). Incarcerated black women face many health problems; research shows that compared to other underprivileged women, “they have higher rates of recent substance use problems, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, and other sexually transmitted diseases, and mental health problems” (Freudenberg). In 2004, almost 73% of women in prisons had a mental health problem, or symptoms of a mental disorder, compared to 55% of incarcerated men (Incarcerated Women). These various health problems suffered by black women in prison are something they have to endure for the rest of their
For example, a Bureau of Justice Statistics survey found that in 2005, “64 percent of jailed inmates self-reported as having some kind of mental illness” (Ollove 2015). Those “with serious psychiatric illness may be more likely to abuse drugs than most other sectors of the population” and “they may continue to do so even after being admitted to [the] hospital” (Wills 2005). Additionally, poverty, education, and family environments have large impacts on levels of crime. For these reasons, true justice requires that any punishment or consequence take these other factors into
Compiling mental health issues, physical ailments along with family reintegration can prove overwhelming for a returning veteran. Nearly 20 percent of 30,000 suicides are attributed to veterans each year (Cesar, Sabia & Tekin, 2012). This number represents a substantial number of military personnel suffering with mental health problems. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (2011) PTSD impairs one’s ability to function in social or family life, which includes instability, marital problems, divorce, family conflict, and difficulty in parenting (p. 3). PTSD causes much impairment and has many contributing factors; for that reason, it is important to discuss the quality of services available to
A two-year study conducted in Seattle, 819 female victims of sexual assault, were interviewed about their history of psychiatric disorders. The study found that over 10% of these women diagnosed schizophrenia disorders, and an additional 6 percent diagnosed with bipolar disorder or severe depression, were more likely to have been sexually assaulted by a stranger, attacked by multiple assailants, and severely injured during the attacks. These same women were also more likely to have been homeless or to have spent time in jail than those without mental illness. The author concluded that “sexual assaults in women with a major psychiatric diagnosis are common” and “more violent” compared to women without such diagnoses (Eckert, 2002). In Baltimore, data on physical and sexual abuse collected for one year
Since the late 20th century, postpartum depression has affected “about 20% of women after giving birth” (Kalat 2008, pg. 440), but truly many more women than that suffer from this kind of depression. Postpartum depression can be moderate or severe in these women – whether it occurs up to three months after delivery of all the way up until a year after giving birth. The hormonal and non-hormonal changes in women is usually the signs that women show that they are leading into a depression. These women go through changes in their bodies during pregnancy, their social life, and most of all their worries about their ability to be a mother.