Effects Of International Relations In Southeast Asia

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International relations of Southeast Asia have been heavily influenced by outsiders. Please discuss how external forces shaped Southeast Asia during the colonial and Cold War periods. Colonisation refers to the act of taking control of an area and the indigenous people of the area. Southeast Asia was colonised by European countries starting from around the 16th Century to the 18th Century. By the 19th Century, every country was colonised except for Thailand. The colonies were as follows: France - French Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos) Netherlands - Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) Portugal - Portuguese Timor (Timor) Spain - Spanish East Indies (Philippines) United Kingdom - British Burma, Malaya and Burneo (Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Labuan, Sabah, and Sarawak) During the 15th to late 17th century, advances in shipbuilding, cartography and navigational skills gave rise to what is now known as the Age of Exploration. This was the period of when the Europeans started to make many voyages around the globe, in search for new and better trade opportunities and trade routes. They were first drawn to Southeast Asia by the spice trade.The Europeans grew to like the Southeast Asian spices and therefore had a high demand for them. These spices included pepper, nutmeg, mace, cloves and cinnamon. The early European voyagers were desperate to secure a trade route and trade relationship with Southeast Asia as they grew to like their spices. The trade was made possible

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