Renata Higuera Nat Turner Essay US History- Mr. Chen Before 1831, few and uncommon significant slave revolts occurred in North America, despite the comparatively substantial slave population. Many southern slave owners accredited this aspect of American slave culture to the supposed approval, complacency and passivity of their slaves, and though most knew of the major insurrections in other countries, they probably felt that they had assured certain control over their slaves. Nat Turner’s rebellion abolished this notion entirely. This rebellion demonstrated slaves’ capability of organizing and planning resistance and showed that they were not always willing to accept oppression. Though the revolt was unsuccessful in that it was extinguished
The South at the time was going through economic chaos and needed aid. With Lincoln’s passing, it was up to Andrew Johnson to handle Reconstruction in the South. There was hope that Johnson was going to be just like the Great Emancipator. Everything seemed uncertain with the new president since even under the National Union Party name, the new president acted like a Southern Jacksonian Democrat. At first, most Republicans supported Johnson’s reconstruction policies.
The Ku Klux Klan was founded in 1866 and protracted in almost every southern state by 1870. “They became a vehicle for white southern resistance to the republican parties reconstruction era policies that aimed at endowing political and economic equality for blacks.” (history.com “Jim Crow Law”) The Ku Klux Klan was a dangerous force in the United States because support of local law enforcement, intimidation and pride. Back in the day, Local Law Enforcement officials belonged to the Klan or declined to take against it, even those who arrested klan members found it difficult to find witnesses that were willing to argue against them. White citizens in the south refused to speak out against the actions of the group, giving them understanding permission. After 1870, Republican state governments in the south went to the congress for help and made the Enforcement Act.
This is why the Jim Crow Laws were named, the way they are. The populist group co-operated with the poor whites to help the blacks, but that then ended up leading to the Jim Crow laws. The Jim Crow laws were made to keep people natural and calm( Alexander 30-35). The populist thought that they were doing something was right,but ended leading up to the Jim Crow Laws.The people thought that the laws were going to make everyone calm and peaceful, but it made people of race mad and some whites mad. “ By the late 1870s, “Jim Crow” laws were reappearing throughout the South and North, separating people by race transportation, housing, public accommodations, education, and nearly every other sphene of society” (Wright 372).
These laws were passed by southern states in 1865 and 1866 to restrict African American’s freedom and forced them to work low income jobs. In 1866, the Supreme Court was able to overrule the Black Codes, giving the black American citizens full citizenship and freedom. This angered the southerners, who had fought to keep slavery, making
Racism’s Impact on Reconstruction While the issue of slavery evidently contributed to the divide that resulted in the American Civil War, it is debated whether prevailing ideals of racism caused the failure of the era following the war known as Reconstruction. With the abolishment of slavery, many of the southern states had to reassemble the social, economic, and political systems instilled in their societies. The Reconstruction Era was originally led by a radical republican government that pushed to raise taxes, establish coalition governments, and deprive former confederates of superiority they might have once held. However, during this time common views were obtained that the South could recover independently and that African Americans
Introduction Many people are or have become ignorant to the fact that racism still exists. They see racism on the news, hear about racism on the radio and from their families and friends, yet still don’t accept the fact that African Americans are still being held back from prospering by our very own American government. In The New Jim Crow, Michelle Alexander elaborates on the still very existing discrimination of colored people, especially of African Americans. She proves to us that the idea of “slavery” is being kept alive but in a new way till this very day. Michelle Alexander is a civil right lawyer and advocate which makes her a credible author as she has expertise in this topic.
Abraham Lincoln was part of the Republican Party, people who supported the abolitionist movement. The Southerners did not want him to become president, unlike the Northerners, because he would help the Northerners get rid of slavery in the South. Consequently, the Northern region of the country had more representatives in Congress as of 1860 because they had one-hundred and eighty congressmen plus their given two senators. The election of Abraham Lincoln would cause Southern states to leave the Union because they thought they would make slavery illegal and take away their slaves and the way they make
After Reconstruction, African Americans in the South suffered extreme discrimination due to unequal opportunities. Despite the fact that there were amendments that gave African American men the right to vote, Jim Crow laws prevented them from voting. Wells stated, "the South resented giving the Afro-American his freedom, the ballot box, and the Civil Rights Law." By giving them their freedom, white supremacists during this era believed there would be, as Wells describes "Negro Domination. " Amongst the many things African Americans fought for, they mainly desired to have equal rights and the right to vote.
During 1865-1870, the years following the Civil War, the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution were ratified. Within these Amendments, African-Americans gained the right to become US citizens in the Fourteenth Amendment and were granted the ability to vote through the Fifteenth Amendment. The ratifications of both of the Amendments marked a turning point in history, both in politics and society, by allowing them to officially have rights. After they were ratified, politics changed by giving African-Americans more representation in government, however socially, racism stayed the same by black codes being created while education changed through the Freedmen’s Bureau. Before the ratification of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendment, the Thirteenth Amendment was ratified in 1865.