Effects Of Juvenile Delinquency

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INTRODUCTION
Delinquent and criminal behavior among young people, as they grow up from childhood to an adult in an increasingly complex and confusing world, is a serious issue worldwide. Youth nowadays, have many different opportunities—some beneficial and some potentially harmful. Quite often, they choose the illegal path and commit various offences, become addicted to drugs, and use violence against their peers. Statistics shows that in all part of the world, rate of youth crime rose in 1990 's. Youth who are at risk of becoming delinquent often face difficult circumstances. Children who for various reasons—including parental alcoholism, poverty, breakdown of the family, overcrowding, abusive conditions in the home, the growing HIV/AIDS
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The problem of juvenile delinquency is becoming more complicated and universal, and crime prevention programs are either unequipped to deal with the present realities or do not exist. Many developing countries have done little or nothing to deal with these problems, and international programs are obviously insufficient. Developed countries are engaged in activities aimed at juvenile crime prevention, but the overall effect of these programs is rather weak because the mechanisms in place are often inadequate to address the existing situation. The current efforts to fight juvenile delinquency are insufficient as they lack in systematic action and the absence of task-oriented and effective social work, whether real or potential. Analysis is further complicated by a lack of international…show more content…
One of the reason is therefore the excessive focus on proposed goals coupled with insufficient means to achieve them. The deviant acts occurring in this context depends not only on unavailability of opportunity but also on access to illegal opportunity. Some juvenile come under the influence of adult criminals. The over-consumption of alcohol and drugs is another major cause of delinquency, as they commit crime to obtain cash to fulfill their needs.
2.3 Urbanization
Countries with more urbanized populations have higher crime rates than those in rural lifestyle. This is due to the difference in social control. In rural lifestyle young people are kept under family and community control and therefore lowering the crime rate. While in urban societies crime rates are higher due to formal legal and judicial measures. The ongoing process of urbanization in developing countries is contributing to juvenile involvement in criminal behavior.

2.4

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