Theory X is quite rigid in strong supervision and reprimands, where the workers are mainly interested in the wage at the end of the month, whereas the Y Theory is more about the team members having job satisfaction and complete tasks without direct supervision. Both of the above maybe needed at some point depending on the task in hand, there are pros’ and
HR Strategies HR strategies are vital for planning and development for the HR process. Leadership Styles, Job designs, Reward management and recruitment are all major forms of HR strategies favored by IKEA. Leadership style is referred to the way in which managers communicates to employees to motivate them to achieve towards the organization’s goals. These styles can vary and many companies such as IKEA uses a behavioral approach to motivate employees through their unique participative styles. Programs such as ‘The IKEA Way’ is built on self-reflection.
The second, is alienation from the product. In Marxist time and in today’s modern world we are involved in an abundance of mass production. In a capitalist system, people are placed in a position where they are responsible in making a minor part of the goods. The goods of work belong to the capitalist and is sold for their profit, whereas the workers gain nothing. Therefore, Marx concluded that the greater effort the workers put into their job, the lesser they benefit.
Capitalists could pay the lowest possible wages to workers who are scared of unemployment from exploitative jobs. State-mandated help keeps them afloat. John Roemer contends that if we take non-exploited yet injustice sufferers into account then the focus should shift from surplus transfer and into
Importance of effective communication skills in the workplace (Internal communication) An organization success depends on its internal environment. And internal environment largely relay on the effective communication skills of the employees. The importance of effective communication skills in the workplace mentioned below: Setting goals and objectives: An organization operation is guided by its goals and objectives. A top level manager sets goal for the organization and sets some objective to it achieve its goals. These objective may be the financial results, product quality, market dominance, employee’s satisfaction etc.
• Involvement of employees in their jobs increases. • Increase in company’s Goodwill. 2.7.2 Measuring job performance According to Kostiuk and Follmann (1989) “in nearly all organisations, employee performance is measured by supervisory ratings; still these data are not very useful given that they are highly biased”. Moreover, Bishop (1989) stated to this that in most jobs an objective measure of productivity does not exist. Bishop (1989) also claims that the reliability of an employee performance is favorable only when the conditions of work are favorable and stable.
In a company like Tesco, managers set out targets that need to be achieved, they set out an approach that they need to achieve these targets. They then have to tell their employees what needs to be done and who will be doing what task. Some parts of Tesco managing style is to incorporate their employees in the decision making stages, which makes the employees feel involved in the planning and also makes them feel that their opinions are valued. Tesco want managers that are confident, positive and genuine. That manager can inspire and encourage their teams.
The issue of employee turnover has to be identified addressed by the management and a possible solution should be found. This could be done by finding out the root cause of the issue. According to researchers, there is a correlation between job satisfaction and employee turnover. There are other factors that lead to higher employee turnover such as poor working conditions, Employees often voluntarily leave a job due to the relationship they have with their direct managers. Generally, if the work relationships are positive and motivating, employees will accept average wages and mundane or even highly stressful work.
Motivation is very important to a company. Motivation is the processes that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal. But, the level of motivation varies both between individuals and within individuals at different times. So, it is important for a company to motivate and maintain the motivation of employees in a high level in order to have a good job performance, high job satisfaction and high productivity. Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory is one of the famous motivation theories.
The management training is more to the leadership training program with principle required to training management Panasonic leadership. Management training is important to analyze the leadership capabilities in managing the company. The leaders act as a mirror to the employee. Leaders should have the innovative thinking and also risk taking people. The executive training is involving in this type of area.