However, there are three main effects that follow regarding high rate of immigration into those more developed countries. The first effect that happens when there are too many migrants moving to settle down in one country is overpopulation issue. According to Nahle, by being overpopulated means that people in that country or that area consume too many limited resources, including natural objects like forest, facilities, or nonrenewable energy that would run out in the next few decades (2003). When all of the resources gone and people cannot meet their demands, the society might not survive. Moreover, immigration is the main reason why the population in developed countries like American is still growing.
The late 1800s marked the start of the Industrial Revolution for the United States. Prior to the rapid industrialization, people lived in rural communities and manufacturing was done largely by local craftsmen. After the Civil War, certain needs were emphasized such as the need for faster production, transportation, and better communication. All of these needs were met by the Industrial Revolution due to technological advancements. These advancements had great effects on the structure of cities at the time.
Migration has been an integral part and a very important factor in redistributing population over time and space. India has witnessed the waves of migrants coming to the country from Central and West Asia and also from Southeast Asia. In fact, the history of India is a history of waves of migrants coming and settling one after another in different parts of the country. Similarly, large numbers of people from India too have been migrating to places in search of better opportunities specially to the countries of the Middle-East, Western Europe, America, Australia and East and South East Asia. Human migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently in the new location.
Imagine moving to a new country, leaving home and entering a place where there are new customs, food, and languages. Many immigrants travel to the United States each year. Over the years, many foreigners have come to America and built a life for the better of themselves and our country. Some of the most influential entrepreneurs, business owners and entertainers in the United States are immigrants. Immigrants have historically played an important role in building the U.S. in many different ways.
Although immigrants can cause problems, such as weakening America's security, they could also bring many credits that would help the country in the long run. As such, American legislators must be able to make policies that would control or assimilate illegal immigrants, rather than restricting them. As discussed above, immigrants impact America’s economy and society. Ultimately, a large number of immigrants have dominated the U.S., and they work on construction, manufacturing and services. Without immigrants, the U.S. economy will eventually collapse.
It also means people shifting from rural to urban areas. Urbanization happens in all over the place in the world, and it brings both positive and negative effects on societies. Urbanization has become a common feature of Indian society. Growth of Industries has contributed to the growth of cities. Urbanization rate in India starts to accelerate after obtaining its independence from the British.
This will surely attract people’s attention and curiosity that can allow them to start new businesses. Especially in the developing countries, people are needed to help grow the country. Not only do they work, they also get paid for what they are contributing. Furthermore, Brown (2001) said this leads to more job opportunities and gives many individuals the opportunity to contribute to the society. Most companies and industries built their factories in rural areas thus giving the locals there jobs that have enough income to support their families.
A second reason for the broader use of the word diaspora is simply because more people are diaspora members. With the rise of globalization, an increasing number of people are moving from their countries of birth to pursue opportunities elsewhere. But unlike a century ago, many of today’s emigrants and their descendants expect to maintain close ties with the people and places they leave behind with the use of the technology we have today. The cheapness of modern travel and communications technology allow emigrants to stay connected to the places and families in their countries of heritage (IDEA, 2012). You 'll find that different reasons such as economic situations, safety due to civil and political unrest in their countries, pleasure and education among others cause people to migrate to other countries.
The most common factor that has contributed to the evolution of social movements inter alia is ‘urbanization’ which led to larger settlements where, people with similar goals could find each other, gather and organize (Landsberg and Venter, 2009). This process facilitated social interaction between scores of people, and it was in urban areas that those early social movements first appeared. Similarly, the process of industrialization which gathered large masses of workers in the same region explains why many of those early social movements addressed matters such as economic wellbeing, which is important to the worker class (Landsberg and Venter,
Urban areas are very developed with lots of buildings, bridges, railways, roads and a bigger population. Rural- urban migration is the increase in proportion of people living in the urban areas; it is a process by which a large number of people become permanently concentrated in cities. (Glossary of Environmental statistics