Multicultural Awareness Curriculum Issues Feelings about the Letter Ethnic and cultural differences in the educational field have brought controversy, from its denial until its rating as an educational resource (Chin, 2013). When talking about cultural differences in education is defined as a conceptual and value system that includes the beliefs and expectations, patterns, routines, behaviors and habits created and maintained by a group and that are used and modified by that group. Grouped and regulate relations between people, things and nature (Banks, 2006). It is necessary to survive as a group and facilitate communication knowledge in order to better collaborate as community and create a healthier environment surround our children. Multicultural
(Mark, 2010) Multiculturalism is closely associated with “identity politics,” “the politics of difference,” and “the politics of recognition,” all of which share a commitment to revaluing disrespected identities and changing dominant patterns of representation and communication that marginalize certain groups (Gutmann, 2003). Multiculturalism is a body of thought in political philosophy about the proper way to respond to cultural and religious diversity. Mere toleration of group differences is said to fall short of treating members of minority groups as equal citizens; recognition and positive accommodation of group differences are required through “group-differentiated rights,” a term coined by Kymlicka (1995). Antiracism and multiculturalism are distinct but related ideas: the former highlights “victimization and resistance” whereas the latter highlights “cultural life, cultural expression, achievements
There was an experiment done by Falbo and Da Baessa (2006) with Indian and Latino students speaking either Kiché or Q’eqchi’ to see the effects of multicultural education on their academic performance. They studied both their own cultures and languages and other’s for one year. The result of the experiment showed that the students having multicultural education had a better academic achievement on reading, writing and mathematics than the students who only learned about their own or a totally different culture. Multicultural education teaches students strategies to solve problems, especially cultural problems, and builds students’ self-confidence with study in both universities and in their communities (Alismail, 2010). Furthermore, the study showed that multicultural education could reduce prejudice among students.
Multiculturalism is about values and norms and in what way society the diversity of values handles (Siim, 2007). Can you see assimilation as a kind of inclusion? You can doubt this, because don’t people always need to have a choice? If it is their choice to assimilate, that’s something else than being forced. The melting pot is, in my eyes, a very noble way to live together, but it also implies that every member of the society to needs to be open to new cultures, values and traditions.
Multiculturalism is an ideology that intends to promote cohesion in society through identifying diversity of population and celebrating it. It is an integration that aims to construct a heterogeneous workforce with mutual tolerance. Individual endorsement of a multicultural identity by the group members has been shown to be positively linked with positive attitudes towards ethnic minority group. However, when the ethnic group is perceived to be threatening, then a more multi-culturally aware society reacts in a more negative way as compared to a non-multicultural society. Canada and Australia were the pioneering countries to adopt multiculturalism as a policy.
Multiculturalism may play a valuable role in retaining one’s traditional roots, but in the end, the price ethnic individuals have to pay is learning new forms of beliefs and customs. For the most part, learning new forms of culture help educate other groups of people who are ethnocentric. Certain groups of people often view that their culture is more dominant than the other. On the other hand, that statement is false because the United States as a whole is comprised of immigrants. Without the impacts of globalization, our varieties of cultures would not exist as they do
As educators we have to be familiar with this in order to create equal education opportunities for everyone. While multiculturalism is valid everywhere, multicultural education beings in schools, which ultimately reflect the community and society as well. To simplify multicultural education, Banks split it into five dimensions, which are Content Integration, Knowledge Construction, Equity Pedagogy, Prejudice Reduction, and Empowering School Culture and Social Structure. All these dimensions combine to create a more harmonious society (Banks & Banks, 1997). The overall goal of multiculturalism and multicultural education is to create educational opportunities for students from diverse racial, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds while encouraging students from those diverse groups to create a respectful and civil community that works for everyone.
The misundersatnd that this approach influences the entire educational system as it plays a role in instruction, policy, leadership, evaluation and learning climate. Educators need to incorporate multiculturalism content and perspectives when teaching math, science, or social studies. Teachers should not just have students memorize facts about civil rights but instead be able to critically analyze events. In addition, multiculturalism requires an interdisciplanary
“I think of myself not as a unified cultural being but as a communion of different cultural beings.” (Chen et al., 2008) the impact of globalization has transformed what it means to be bilingual and in some circumstances can be a convergence of many different places, faces, and names. Earlier studies comparing bilingualism and biculturalism has given the implication that perhaps using and integrating two cultures and languages can be handicapping in some circumstances (Chen et al., 2008). Although – in more recent studies, this has shown not to be the case. Bilingualism has proven to be most beneficial and leads to positive development and social well-being (Chen et al., 2008). What researches across the field of sociolinguistics argue is that as long as bilinguals do not internalize any potential conflict between different cultures, they will not experience any linguistic confusion (Chen et al., 2008).
Multiculturalism is a term which means that many people who have different cultures, traditions, or foods live in the same community. In our contemporary society, Canada, Netherlands, Australia, and France are the well-known multicultural countries in the world. In the article “The Voice of Conservatism in Europe”, the author covers the topic about the background of multiculturalism. According to the author, multiculturalism originated in the United States pursuing the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s, so, it was conveyed to the rest of the Western world through American cultural impact and was accumulated by Western Europe. In addition, economic Marxism that was the prevailing theory in the world switched