Indigenous people are more likely to suffer from drug abuse using needles because of the intergenerational trauma suffered through their parents attending residential schools in Canada (Bombay, Matheson, & Anisman, 2014, p. 327). This puts them at a higher criminal risk than others because of what they have been subjected to. Reasons et al., (2016) found that, “offending and victimization are a consequence of multiple risk factors,
Currently the intake of recreational drugs can lead to a fine of $1 million or imprisonment up to 7 years. However these harsh laws are not proving to be effective at deterring drug use. However what could possibly help Hong Kong reduce the amount of drug users, is the decriminalization of drugs. ‘As long ago as 1994, justices Neil Kaplan and Gerard Godfrey said they supported the decriminalisation of cannabis, saying drug laws were failing to curb drug use.’ (Christy Choi). In my personal opinion, I believe that the decriminalization of drugs in Hong Kong would bring more benefits than disadvantages.
Over the last 40 years, we have spent trillions of dollars on the failed and ineffective War on Drugs (Aclu). Drug use has not declined and drug markets are become more resilient to the mass incarceration of drug offenders. There is always another drug dealer standing by, ready to replace the one who has been sent to prison. Along with the War on Drugs, the changes in sentencing policies contributed to higher levels of incarceration at both the state and federal levels. Mandatory minimum sentences were established as the response to complaints from politicians and the public that offenders weren’t serving long enough terms for their convictions.
Currently in the United States less than one percent of domestic abuse is reported to police. Nevertheless, about thirty five percent of the American population will endure such cruelties. There is often a separation between public and private matters pertaining to relationships for fear of judgment. Gender stereotypes have the ability to inflict tremendous pressure upon a person’s reaction to mistreatment for there is emotional, physical, sexual and financial abuse. Currently in the media a relevant discussion about sexual abuse in the workplace has surged a mass discussion.
A recent study has found that Western Australia’s sex industry have stoked calls to decriminalise prostitution. The LASH (Law And Sex-Worker Health) study surveyed 354 Western Australia workers, citing the current law’s negative impact on the heath, wellbeing and safety of workers. According to the study, more than one in five sex workers had been assaulted in the previous 12 months, and almost 50 percent of those felt uncomfortable reporting these issues to the police. The survey included over 50 male sex workers. Associate Professor Linda Selvey, from Curtin’s School of Public Health, said “There’s nothing wrong with private sex work: people enjoy working that way, they enjoy the flexibility and they are often very good at selecting clients out over the phone and looking after their own safety.
According to ‘Long-term effects of political imprisonment: A comparison study’, prisoners were diagnosed post-traumatic stress disordered patient, 57% of prisoner with PTSD found to have further severe PTSD symptoms (Maercker and Schutzwohl, 1997). While mentally disordered people have difficulties on controlling their behaviour, mentally disordered prisoner may fail to perform properly in prison; sometimes, they may receive a solitary confinement when they break the prison’s law, with isolation and maximum security lock-up, the status of metal disordered prisoners may be worsen as it is destructed, psychologically crippled and cause social alienation by such experience. (Bonta& Gendreau,
The depends on the person. Personally, I believe that the use of PEDs is morally wrong and that only the naturally good and mentally strong should be competing and representing our country in high level competition. Integrity in sport should be protected as it keeps the sport honest and genuine. Using GC to detect drugs in athletes systems is an easy way of keeping the world of sport fair. A small sacrifice in the form of a blood or urine sample can be made to ensure that our sport is not lost to drugs.
Another way of prevention is by the use of protective mechanisms like condoms when engaging in sexual intercourse. Since it is a sexually transmitted disease, abstinence is the key to stay safe from the infection. Suspected cases however should be reported to qualified health care personnel as soon as possible so as to eliminate the pathogen from the bloodstream.
“The literal meaning of pornography is the delineation of the life of prostitutes through graphic representations of sexual conduct whose deliberate intentions is to arouse sexual desire and to facilitate its expression” (Yafee, 1982). According to a recent journal, it is stated that the theft of personal property and other crimes in Canada showed a decline of 21% as compared to the last ten years, but the crime rate associated with the sexual assaults remains stable- “the lone crime where there was no decline.” (Kohut, 2015). The influence of pornographic media is not only exploiting the image of women in Canadian society, but also men are affected by this erotic art. Due to issues of hierarchies, men are always perceived as a victimizer in the
For example, with the War on Drugs, “many policymakers insist that legalizing drugs is unthinkable” (Best 221). In fact, according to Best, “maintaining a strong commitment to the prohibition of drugs may not have particularly positive instrumental effects”. Yet, “they affirm society’s commitment to sobriety and other moral principles” (Best 221). Similarly, with the War on Terror, people who appear to express criminal activity are prosecuted because policymakers adopt positions associated with values that support structure in the society (Best 221). Furthermore, some crimes may be considered more harmful than others because the values that the crimes break weigh heavier than other values.
The writer posited further that globally there are always disparities between host countries and immigrants as it relates to mental health. Canadian immigrants are least likely to get sick as compared to their global counterparts because of the stringent immigration policies here. The writer suggests further that social determinants both pre and post-migration plays a key role in the mental health of for immigrants in Canada in a both negative and positive way. The writer long with a team conducted a peer review on academics resources on mental health problems within the IRER communities. Over 1600 were perused covering depression suicide conduct disorder and mental illness amongst the IRER population.
At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) The reason behind mass incarceration was due to the crack down on the deteriorating communities where the majority of minorities lived. Authors Scott Ehlers, Vincent Schiraldi and Jason Ziedenberg of Still Striking Out: Ten Years of California’s Three Strikes (2004) report that African Americans in prison because of the three strike law is higher per every 100,000 African American than Whites and Latinos in California. (U.S. Census Bureau
Research shows that fewer than 8 percent of the sex offenders completing the Sexual Offender Treatment Program return to prison. Sex Offender treatment is part of a comprehensive effort to increase community safety as a whole. Sex offender treatment is a vital key component of its Reentry Initiative, which is designed to help offenders start receivig the treatments, education and job training they need in prison so that they return to society making choices that will help keep them out of prison again. An estimated 95 percent of the sex offenders sentenced to prison in the end come back to the group. Sex Offender Treatment system 's three fundamental objectives are: • Helping offenders figure out how to diminish and oversee hazard • Providing information
Looking at the utilitarian approach, it is seen to have significant meaning for both those that are for and against gun control. As the utilitarian theory approach focuses on the theory that “an action is ethical if the good that it is predicted to produce outweighs the bad”. In this case, depending on the perspective of the individual, it can have significantly lead to different conclusions that supports both sides of the gun control debate. Specifically, gun control proponents have argued that the utilitarian approach is justification for gun control as the banning of gun ownership will protect society and make the world a better place through a lower chance of gun violence despite the restraining of civil liberties. On the other hand, gun control
In an ideal world there should be treatment facility that deals with sex offenders alone and their potential substance abuse. This way there is a chance for the offender to get the help they need and will be guaranteed a place for treatment and they will not be turned away. There should also be a way during treatment that allows them to find resources to “win back” others found in their family and the community. We believe that the best addiction model that fits sex offenders is the biopsychosocial model because the substance abuse could be an innate part of the genetic make-up, it could also have been a way to deal with past issues or memories; to relieve psychological pain. Finally the abuse could also be from the social aspect of the model because substance abuse is a fairly common thing most are surrounded by on a daily basis, and that could be seen as “if everyone else can do it, then I can do