Characteristics Of Regionalism

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We know that human society from living on earth until now they found themselves in seeking cooperation at various levels. Therefore, it is a known fact that they have created different organizations. Capital movements, business activities and technological developments are increasingly gaining a supranational nature and it is spreading globally. This spread of cross-border connects interest groups and different individuals’ nationalities with bond interest. From this perspective, Asia, Africa and Latin America include important details for cooperation and organization because these three continents have different characteristics, political and cultural community since the first era until now. We can say that regionalism is the new phenomenon…show more content…
Also we can say that inter-governmental regional organization is located in the regionalization process. We can link with globalization and regionalization includes comprehensive and multidimensional objectives such as economics, politics, security and culture. It is worldwide phenomenon. It involves state, marker, civil society, actors in many institutional forms. Regionalism includes third wave. The first wave of regionalism is between 1945 and 1965. The second wave of the regionalism is between 1965 and 1985. This was emerged because of reaction of the superpower dominance in the regional security and also Second wave emerged in the wake of the Cold War’s conclusion and the attendant changes in interstate power and security relations. The third wave is between 1985 and present. It is more complex and different rather than previous regional waves. This study will compare the similarities and differences of regionalism between Asia, Africa and Latin America with go around important organizations of the regions. Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum, (APEC), African Union (AU) and Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) can be classified as a result of…show more content…
Countries in the region have risen to top positions today, but these countries once they had smaller shares. In particular, they have recorded economic developments in countries such as South Korea and Indonesia; mainly in China is an example of this change. China joined the World Trade Organization (2001) and other countries in the region which took the initiative in this direction were supported by Japan and the EU. Signing trade agreements of Japan with China, Hong Kong and Taiwan shows that at least they are interested to develop the regional trade volume in the region. One of the distinctive feature of Asia Pacific regionalism from the other regions is its improvement in a region with practically no tradition of regional policies. The Asia-Pacific region worried with security problems, hardly disunited by world ideologies. Through end of the Cold War and the break-up of the Soviet Union have reduced the effect of global element in world politics and they have increased the heaviness of regional forces. International politics is progressively formed by region, as well as public and domestic, dynamics. Asia is no anomaly to the growing of regional forces in world politics. Asian regionalism expands in world politics from Russia to the Caribbean and Latin America, from the Baltic to sub-Saharan Africa, and certainly these are each of the three basic economic regions:

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