The Boko Haram official name is Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awatiwal-Jihad, which means “People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet’s Teachings and Jihad.” Members of the sect are known to reference the Islamic verse that states, “Anyone who is not governed by what Allah has revealed is among the transgressors” (Mauro, 2014). “Boko Haram” is the popular moniker for an Islamist movement that calls itself the “Sunni Community for the Propagation of Islam”. Unlike al-Qaeda and its affiliates, its focus is specifically on Nigeria and adjacent countries rather than an international jihad (Campbell, 2014). In the beginning, Boko Haram was radical, but not yet violent. In 2009, a law was passed requiring motorcycle riders to wear helmets.
Boko Haram seeks the establishment of an Islamic state in Nigeria. It opposes the Westernization of Nigerian society and the concentration of the wealth of the country among members of a small political elite, mainly in the Christian south of the country. How Nigerian Government responded to
oko Haram is a terrifying up and coming terrorist group because of their motives and connections. They are one of the many Islamic extremist groups, but they are growing stronger every day. Like many other Islamic extremist groups, they despise western culture and believe everyone should follow the rules of Islam. They believe that there is only one way and that way is Islam. Most of the time these groups are more frustrated with the fact that Muslims are becoming more westernized.
Due to its focus on technocratic solutions, the state failure paradigm overlooks gender issues related to the insurgency at the expense of a broader and nuanced understanding of the phenomenon. Indeed, since 2009, Boko Haram has devoted significant attention to women in both its propaganda and actions. Recent literature points to the fact that Boko Haram calls for severe restrictions on women in some aspects of life but it also encourages their access to Islamic education, thus becoming involved in the debate around the role of women in society in North-East Nigeria . In an environment where poverty, early marriage and illiteracy are the norm, a growing number of women see in Boko Haram the opportunity to advance their rights
EVOLUTION OF BOKO HARAM The Islamist group Jama'atu Ahl al‐Sunnah li‐Da'awati wal‐Jihad, commonly referred to as Boko Haram, has emerged as a violent challenger to the authority of the Nigerian state. Boko Haram is an Islamic sect that believes northern politics has been seized by a group of corrupt, false Muslims. It wants to wage a war against them, and the Federal Republic of Nigeria generally, to create a ‘pure’ Islamic state ruled by sharia law. Islam first appeared in the territory that is now northeast Nigeria sometime during the seventh and eighth centuries of the Common Era, although it was slow to spread in terms of numbers of converts. In the early 19th century, Sheik Usman dan Fodio launched an Islamic reform movement, aimed at removing Hausa leaders he saw as corrupt and as ‘indulging’ un‐Islamic practices.
Title: “An Analytical Study of Human Rights Violation in Nigeria and Its obligation under International Law” Abstract: For over a decade, Boko Haram has been evolving in the northeastern state of Nigeria. Islamist movement which is extremely violent, in 2014 entered into a new transitional phase. To obstruct its onslaught, Nigerian armed forces are established but the failure of its armed forces to impede its abuses, combined with higher international profile, have lent it an assurance and hope that come out to have pressed more and more strategic activities, together with its ongoing arbitrary and rampant attacks against civilian and state object. This continuing battle between Nigerian security/armed forces and Boko Haram has had detrimental impact on the lives of thousands of civilian athwart the north- eastern Nigeria. The humanitarian condition in that region has reached to unparalleled levels.
THE ROLE OF RELIGION IN CONFLICTS The effects of conflict wherever it is located is to dislocate valued relationships and to cause stress on the structure on which they are based. The post-election violence of 2007-2008 in Kenya had over one thousand civilian casualties. In the Rwandan genocide, the story is much worse, over one million people lost their lives. So what could be attributed to the causes of these kind of conflicts? An increasing number of conflict resolution experts argue that bringing peace in the world cannot be achieved if the methods used do not take into account the underlying conditions that cause conflicts.
“ The world as a whole has been getting incrementally less peaceful every year since 2007. With the crisis in Gaza, the rise of Islamist militants in Iraq and Syria and the international stand-off ongoing in Ukraine, it can sometimes feel like the whole world is at war. Conflict arises because of the changing relations of numerous variables such as technological, psychic, social and intellectual. There are countries which are involved in no actual foreign wars involving deaths etc like North Korea but which are fraught by the most divisive and entrenched internal conflicts. On the other hand, UK, as an example, is relatively free from internal conflicts but has been involved in foreign fighting in Afghanistan.