Literature Review On Self-Efficacy

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2.0 – LITERATURE REVIEW In any job, having the confidence in what we are doing is very important. It can determine our commitment in the things that we are doing. It also affect our job performance. Having said that, it is much related to our self-efficacy. According to Albert Bandura (1977), self-efficacy is the belief that one can master a situation and produce positive outcomes. There are 4 aspect that affect one’s perception of efficacy, which is mastery experience, vicarious experience, verbal persuasion as well as somatic and emotional states. In mastery experience, it is something that an individual has experience it beforehand and success in mastering the situation. People are more likely to believe in their ability if they have once…show more content…
Setting up goal works well with motivation and its tasks. When individuals have a goal to achieve, they are motivate enough to work phard on something. The tasks involve also influence their performance. If they have lower self-efficacy, their goal works as reminder and they will put more effort and persistence in their work. When their hard work pays off, their self-efficacy will rise. Research has been done to prove the theory. The result shows that there are differences of achievement behaviour depends on subject’s goal and the task perception. This result against Bandura that says that low sense of self-efficacy will associated with negative achievement behaviour. (Schunk, 1995). Schunk also discuss how motivation and self-efficacy are relatable. Self-efficacy can boost one’s motivation to do better and high motivation can improve one’s self efficacy as well. It works both…show more content…
This is because, effective teaching is contextualised. It include many other factor such as setting, time, manner of delivery as well as relationship of student-lecturer (Percy, 2012). Bridget Percy also states that the years of service as lecturer influence the self-efficacy of a lecturer. This relates to Bandura’s self-efficacy theory of mastery experience where lecturer’s own experience influence their self-efficacy. The longer a lecturer involve in the field, the more experience they have as they have made more mistakes and improvements in their career. Another factor of lecturer’s self-efficacy is the field of subjects. A lecturer may have high self-efficacy when it comes to their core course, but the same lecturer may have negative self-efficacy if they have to teach the course that they are not familiar with. This is all related to lecturer’s previous experience in

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