Other definitions would include that self-esteem acts like an insulator against stress  or it could refer to how we feel about ourselves and this could either be positive (high self-esteem) and negative (low self-esteem). Several factors can affect self-esteem such as satisfaction in our various relationships, performances, and appearance . It was found out that high self-esteem could be a factor for a healthy life, which is associated with emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence is to be inter-correlated with emotional maturity where an individual is able to respond to uncertainties and varying environments in the most appropriate way . However, people with low self-esteem usually rely on their present situation to determine their current feeling or outlook in their selves.
In this study, we may know either perfectionism among student can be positively affecting their self esteem or not. If the perfectionism can positively affect, level of self esteem may increased and if the perfectionism negatively affected, level of self esteem may decreased. Therefore, when we understand how perfectionism can affected the level of self esteem, we may more understand
It also has to do with the feelings people experience that follow from their sense of worthiness or unworthiness. Self-esteem is important because it heavily influences people’s choices and decisions. In other words, self-esteem serves a motivational function by making it more or less likely that people will take care of themselves and explore their full potential. In other words, self-esteem will assist the person in bringing out their best side and help them to cope better in every situation most especially in frustrating situation and discouraging condition. It will also assist them to realize their individual strengths, skills and weaknesses and to improve on them.
Self-Esteem Self-esteem is the appraisal of a person’s self. It is how we value ourselves; it is how we perceive our value to the world and how valuable we think we are to others. Self-esteem affects our trust in others, our relationships, and our work. A person’s self-esteem is so important that both high and low levels can be emotionally and socially harmful for the individual. Positive self-esteem gives us the quality and adaptability to assume responsibility of our lives and develop from our mistakes without the fear of rejection.
Thus attitudes are are to do with being a part of a social group and the adaptive function helps us fit in with a social group. 2. Self/Ego-expressive function- The attitudes we express make us feel good because they help us communicate who we are and we are able to assert our identity. Thus, through expression of our feelings, beliefs and values, attitudes help us to be self-aware. 3. Ego-defensive function - it refers to holding attitudes that protect our self esteem or that justify actions that make us feel guilty.
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 2.1 Introduction to Self esteem: (Rosenberg, 1960) said that self-esteem is a powerful force within each one of us. Self esteem is a person’s overall assessment or consideration of his or her own value. It takes in beliefs and emotions such as misery, self-importance and disgrace. It can be apply specifically to a particular dimension or have global extent. It is including: self-worth, self-interest, self-confidence and self-integrity.
A lot of variables can effect students’ performance taking all of those variables are impractical but some of them can be taken as a control variable. We considered only three variables that can impact students’ academic performance as a control variable in this current study. Age is recognized in many studies as an influential determinant of students’ academic performance, like Ukueze (2007) concluded that age have significant influence on educational performance. Similarly, DeMeis & Stearns (1992); Gullo & Burton (1992); Trapp (1995), all found that greater the age higher would be academic performance. Likewise, Grissom (2004) indicated that students who are little bit older than their classmates perform better but overage students actually
McClelland, (1985): Morgan (1986) and Lovells’ (1982) studies revealed that academic performance of students is a function of achievement motivation, with students high in achievement motivation out-performing those with low achievement motivation. Academic Performance: A Function of Achievement Motivation Among Education Students of Cross River University of Technology, Calabar 69 RHEA, vol.4, 63-83 However, Rosen (1991) reported no significant relationship between academic achievement motivation and subjects’ academic performance. On social achievement motivation and academic performance, several studies showed that the students’ social ranking positively correlates with the students’ academic performance,. (Elkins, 1958): Crow and Crow, 1993: Ezewu, (1978) in Ethothi (2002). Social position in the class is significantly correlated with academic achievement, implying that a student who is liked by his course-mates performs better than those not liked (Ezewu, 1978).
These rewards that they will get may be intrinsic or extrinsic, and may be either positive or negative. The more positive the reward is, the more that the individual will be highly motivated. Conversely, the more negative the reward is, the less likely the individual will be motivated (Vroom, 1964). Also, Edward L. Deci and Richard M. Ryan suggested in their self-determination theory that events and experiences that give a person a feeling of autonomy, relatedness and competence lead to high motivation and engagement in activities. Self-determination theory suggests that the main factors that affect and determine the level of an individual’s self-determination is the environment.
There are many factors that influence the way we perceive ourselves. A few of these factors are imprinted on ourselves based on what people perceive as being the norm, but the influence of people close to us, the significant or generalised others is often the cause of how we view ourselves in a certain way. This essay will critically consider how significant others and generalised others impact on your self-concept, self-esteem, self-perception and self-worth, and what management tactics are used. Significant other is “your husband, wife, partner or somebody that you have a special relationship with” (Hornby, 2010). This person is very important and valuable to the way you live your life.