The results showed 37.1% of participants had been sexually harassed. Physicians were identified as the main perpetrators of sexual harassment. The most common negative effects of sexual harassment were headache, disturbed mental health function, in-satisfaction in job and the only reactions given by the nurses against the harassers were anger and fear. The coping method used most commonly by the nurses was “Doing nothing” as they think it as a part of the job. About 80% of sexually harassed nurses did not report the incident of sexual harassment to hospital administration.
So far, there is no commonly accepted definition for the term. Furthermore, people will be surprised to find out that there are currently no widely accepted international tools that can deal with the more serious types of sexual harassment such as rape, sexual assault, violence against women in the workplace. 2.1 DEFINITION OF IV According to Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), sexual harassment is unlawful to harass a person (an applicant or employee) because of that person’s sex. Harassment can include “sexual harassment” or unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature. Harassment does not have to be of a sexual nature, however, and can include offensive remarks about a person’s sex.
As grim as the idea of rape with limited to no punishment can be, it is becoming a reality. From not being taken seriously to being completely ignored, rape and sexual assault are treated as minor crimes to many people. Certain laws allow these crimes to be brushed away when in reality, rape can be fatal. The severe impact rape and sexual assault can have on a person lasts a lifetime, with no breath of fresh air or sanity. The mild consequences perpetrators face desensitizes the rest of the world and our growing society to the true horrors of rape and strengthens rape culture.
However, 88% of men whose actions came under the legal definition of rape, were adamant that their behavior did not constitute rape (Munch, Rape Myths on Trial). An argument can be made that the problem lies within ourselves. A vast majority of victims do not see themselves as the victim in turn the vast majority of perpetrators do not see themselves as perpetrators. Following this thought, 38% of men and 37% of women agreed that a raped woman is partly to blame if she dresses “provocatively” or simply asking for it (Munch, Rape Myths on Trial). Women are more vulnerable, as a gender to the crime of sexual assault.
INTRODUCTION. Sexism towards women in the workplace also known as occupational sexism is one of the oldest form of discrimination against women. Despite increasing campaigns on gender equality and feminist movements worldwide, working women continue to fight for equality especially in white-collar setings. Though there has been profound progress through the years, working women continue to face more challenges as compared to men both in the western as well as developing countries. Studies now show that the Equal Pay Act passed in the United States in 1963 to abolish gender based salary differences is not being enforced as women continue to earn less than their male counterparts in the same field (Campos,2015).
Based on the Online Cambridge Dictionary, gender discrimination means a situation in which someone is treated less well because of their sex, usually when a woman is treated less well than a man. Examples of sex discrimination includes not giving the women the chance to hold a pose and not hiring women for a job because of the mentality that they will not fit to be in a particular job. There is one case of gender discrimination at workplace between Beatrice Fernandez and Malaysia Airlines that as held in 2004. She was terminated from her employment service after she refused to resign because she was pregnant in 1991. This shows that gender discrimination still happens in the 21st century at the workplace.
Victims of harassment need to be able to feel a sense of security and not feel controlled by the harasser, so that they are able to speak out against their offender to make sure they get the punishment they deserve. Harassment can be commonly reported in a workplace, whether it be by one of their coworkers, someone of higher power or even paying customers, making the person feel unsafe in their place of work. The employees stay quiet because they do not know how it will affect them or the offender or if it will even change anything at all. The low-income and the LGBTQ workers all have their concerns, “If the raised their voices, would they be fired? Would their communities turn against them?
To prove that in Australia has issues regarding discrimination in the workplace, many research has been carried out and one of the study that had been carried out talked about gender equality in the workplace. I the report, the researcher looked into the problem precisely and had interviewed both men and women about gender equality in the workplace. in the report it was mentioned that gender inequality are daily experienced in their lives (Cerise, 2008). The women in Australia spoke about their difficulties and barriers in progressing in their workplace and not giving the right to participate in the workplace and not only that, the elderly women were also limited to the retirement saving because of their slow movement in their workplace and that was how the women in the workplace felt discriminated in the workplace because of their gender and in terms of their age (Cerise, 2008). Whereas, the men expressed their feelings of discrimination in the workplace because of asking to work for longer hours just because of their gender and that had lead for the mans to actually spend
Workplace deviant behavior can be defined as behavior that employees either lack motivation to conform to or become motivated to violate, normative expectations of the social context (Kaplan, 1975). Furthermore, (Bordia, Restubog and Tang, 2008) recommended that deviant behaviour is not an accidental but volitional. Individuals usually have certain motives when they involved in deviant behavior. In order to labelled some behaviour are deviant must go against the organization’s norms regardless to society’s norms. For instance, if an organization sanctions the purchase of prostitutes for an organizational functions such as was reported by Astra USA (Powell, 2002) this example are not in terms of workplace deviant behavior.
This phenomena continues to exist due to the lack of clarity and enforcement of preventative provisions in the legislative framework as relates to Occupational Health and Safety. It becomes apparent that in some cases employees are prejudiced by a lack of knowledge and therefore may fall prey to risks unbeknown to them. It is therefore very important for employees to form Unions that stand for their interests. It is also equally important to ensure that the Union structures and mandate are clear to ensure that member interests