Effects Of The Black Death In Europe

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Introduction The Black Death, swept across Europe in the late 1340, was one of the most fatal epidemics in the history. It should be noted that the name ‘Black Death’ was created in later ages. Contemporaries didn’t have specific name for it but called it ‘plague’ or ‘epidemic’. The Black Death arrived in the ports of Europe first in 1347, and soon spread in all directions in the next three years, and brought immediate death to victims. The breakout of the Black Death was considered as punishment from god, but this essay will explore three main factors which create a specific circumstance for breakout and spread of the Black Death. The Black Death killed 1/2-3/1 population of Europe and caused a sharp rise of death rates, which affected European economy from different aspects. As economist Gregory Clark points out, anything caused the rise of the death rate increased wealth per head of population. It seems the Black Death in European set a good example. The improvement of Living standards in European during 1350-1600 attributed to the Black Death to a certain extent. The second part of this essay will demonstrate how the Black Death benefited European economy. The most important thing is the rise of income per capita after Black Death, which led to change in demand and fall of interest rates. These changes also brought out transmission of production. Then, labor-scarce environment caused by the Black Death increased labor mobility. The development of technology owed to
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