The Columbian Exchange was a complex transatlantic trade network between Europe and the Americas that brought prosperity and devastation to those involved. At the beginning of the Exchange, America was home to Native Americans and other native tribes, and Europe had begun craving expansion. In the Americas, transatlantic trade brought wealth through the export of new crops, devastation through diseases the natives did not have immunity to, and a considerable increase in the slave trade. Across the Atlantic Ocean in Europe, populations increased dramatically due to the influx of potatoes, and wealth was also gained due to their own exports to the Americas, where slaves, crops, and animals were always on demand. Africa, too, found wealth and …show more content…
The Columbian Exchange was headed by Europe, who planned on gaining wealth by having exports with higher value than imports. Many goods exported to the Americas were manufactured, as opposed to the raw plants and animals Europe typically received; some of these imported goods included tobacco, vanilla, and, most importantly, potatoes. The imported potatoes drastically increased Europe’s population due to its ability to produce more crops in a given area than any other plant. The inundation of the potatoes in Europe meant that there was more food for more people, allowing people to live longer and reproduce more. Luckily, Europe’s exports managed to outweigh their imports, as Africa and the Americas always had a demand for their manufactured …show more content…
Native In the Americas, the lives of the natives were destroyed through the introduction of diseases, wealth was gained through direct trade with Europe and Africa, and the slave trade paved the way for a completely new way of life for colonists and slaves. Europeans also found wealth in the Columbian Exchange and other transatlantic trade and faced a drastic population increase due to the introduction of potatoes. Africa faced despair through the slave trade, being the supplier of the goods making up the network, but wealth in the same trade system. The changes made to lives during the Columbian Exchange continue to affect the world today; for instance, discrimination against Africans still is apparent in many regions of North America, Europe remains a strong influence in other nations regarding trade and wealth, and Africa continues to face challenges regarding their past of slavery, typically in the form of racism and discrimination. It’s very apparent to see in the world today how drastically the Columbian Exchange and transatlantic trade affected lives around the
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The population of native american took a big impact from some of the diseases that were transported from the old world. Smallpox, measles, and malaria were just a couple of the common diseases that killed many native americans. The old world also faced a lot of deadly diseases, such as syphilis. These diseases decimated many populations in both worlds and even eliminated some native american
The introduction of crops such as maize, potatoes, and tobacco from the New World led to a significant increase in agricultural productivity in Europe. Maize, for instance, was a crucial crop for the growing population in Europe, and it was quickly adopted as a staple crop. This crop was a vital source of nutrition, particularly for the poor, and its cultivation had a significant impact on the economies of the regions where it was grown. The introduction of potatoes, which were not grown in Europe before the Columbian Exchange, became a staple food in many parts of Europe, particularly in Ireland. Potatoes were relatively easy to grow, and their cultivation helped to support population growth in the continent.
The Columbian exchange was obviously a huge part of American history, and had huge impacts for both the European colonists and the Native Americans. The appearance of the colonists had both negative and positive effects on the native people, while the native people as well created benefits and setbacks for the Europeans. Diseases such as smallpox, influenza, and malaria killed many Native Americans. The natives immune systems were not strong enough to handle them. The Europeans were also affected by disease, as they had never been exposed to some illnesses that the Native Americans passed on to them, such as syphilis.
The Columbian Exchange explains why Indian nations collapsed and European colonies thrived after the Columbus arrival in the New World in 1492. The eastern and the western hemisphere were connected through the exchange of goods,ideas,and people. The exchange began in 1492 when Christopher Columbus had discovered a new world. The columbian exchange had a profound impact on the new world as it also led to the transfer of animals,plants,and diseases between the two hemispheres. One of the most significant effects of the columbian exchange was the transfer of crops between the two hemispheres.
The Columbian exchange both negatively and positively affected the relationship and interactions between the natives and Europeans in North America. Positively, the natives received new technology, goods, and animals, such as horses, cows, coffee, and wheat. These new supplies allowed the natives to build their societies, and improved the ease in which they were able to live. This increased the assimilation of European cultures among native tribes, as the natives witnessed the technological prowess-at a level akin to magic to the natives-that the Europeans maintained. However, the introduction of New World products such as gold, silver, corn, potatoes, and tobacco to the Europeans began to change the native's viewpoint.
The Columbian Exchange The Columbian Exchange was “the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases from the Old World to the New and the New World to the Old (Von Sivers, Desnoyers, & Stow, 2012, p. 618)”. The Columbian Exchange improved and hindered the lives of the Europeans and Native Americans. The Europeans benefited more from the Columbian Exchange then the Native Americans because “the Europeans got a continent endowed with a warm climate in which they could create new and improved versions of their homelands (Von Sivers, Desnoyers, & Stow, 2012, p. 621).”
However, trade and commerce had a negative effect on both sides as well, namely disease. Disease killed a lot of Native Americans as well as gave syphilis to the Old World. The Old World exchanged a vast amount of diseases, for example, smallpox, measles, malaria, yellow fever, influenza, and chick pox. In the New World, the diseases that were exchanged with the Old World were syphilis, polio, hepatitis, and encephalitis (“The Columbian Exchange Introduction”). Due to the fact that both Old and New Worlds had all those illnesses that were crossing the ocean, the Native American population was diminished.
Crops such as potatoes, tomatoes, chocolate, peppers, etc. all had the ability to grow in new regions of the world. Chapter one of The American Yawp states, “The Americas’ calorie-rich crops revolutionized Old World agriculture and spawned a worldwide population boom” (par. 57). This demonstrates that the Columbian Exchange did not only benefit one country or continent but the entire
The New World and the Old World each brought their own concepts of nature to create a new agricultural system. It was clear to see that "crops with higher caloric value", such as the potato "allowed people to work harder because they were more energized" (Columbian Exchange). The New World provided Europe with healthier food options such as corn and beans. Not only did crops play an important role in the Columbian exchange, animals were another key component in the rebirth of the
The Columbian Exchange, also known as The Great Exchange, is one of the most significant events in the history of world. The term is used to describe the widespread exchange of foods, animals, human populations (including slaves),plants, diseases, and ideas from the New world and the old. this occurred after 1492. Many goods were exchanged between and it started a revolution in the Americas, Africa and in Europe. The exchange got its name when Christopher Columbus voyage started an era of a tremendous amount of exchange between the New and Old World that resulted in this revolution.
The benefits did outweigh the consequences. To start off, I have three topics to support/back up my conclusion that the benefits did outweigh the consequences. Next, the Columbian Exchange. The Native Americans gave the Europeans gold and silver. They also gave them corn, potatoes, beans, vanilla, chocolate, tobacco, and cotton.
The Columbian Exchange refers to the monumental transfer of goods such as: ideas, foods, animals, religions, cultures, and even diseases between Afroeurasia and the Americas after Christopher Columbus’ voyage in 1492. The significance of the Columbian Exchange is that it created a lasting tie between the Old and New Worlds that established globalization and reshaped history itself (Garcia, Columbian Exchange). Worlds that had been separated by vast oceans for years began to merge and transform the life on both sides of the Atlantic (The Effects of the Columbian Exchange). This massive exchange of goods gave rise to social, political, and economic developments that dramatically impacted the world (Garcia, Columbian Exchange). During this time,
Not only America and England were affected by the Columbian Exchange ; without the Columbian Exchange the foods that currently present in many locations across the world wouldn’t be there. In document 2 it states, “Today some 200 million Africans rely on it as their main source of nutrition. Cacao and rubber, two other South American crops, became important export items in West Africa the 20th century.” Also in document 2 it states, “Indeed, almost everywhere in the world, one or another American food crops caught on, complementing existing crops, or more rarely, replacing them.” These two quotes demonstrate that the Columbian Exchange brought about a massive change in the foods people
During the late 1400s and the early 1500s, European expeditioners began to explore the New World. Native Americans, who were living in America originally, were much different than the Europeans arriving at the New World; they had a different culture, diet, and religion. Eventually, both the Native Americans and the European colonists exchanged different aspects of their life. For example, Native Americans gave the Europeans corn, and the Europeans in return gave them modern weapons, such as various types of guns. This type of trade was called “the Columbian Exchange.”
Economic Effects of the Columbian Exchange Inflation of cash-crops, slavery and silver resulting from the Columbian Exchange caused a drastic effect on the global economy. Cash-crops forged new trade routes across continents, slavery supported New World exports, and silver caused power shifts in the world 's distribution of wealth. As Spanish expeditions to the New World increased in size and purpose, the economic effects on the rest of the world spread with equal vigor. The triangular trade circulated commodities between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. From Europe some commodities were distributed throughout Asia.