With that in mind, the scale of the argument put forth by the author is limited in it’s applicability because it focuses on the social condition that prevailed during that time in American culture. Lastly, I was able to identify one additional source of comparison that has directly contributed to the analysis of socially designed racial hierarchies in American culture. For example, “Race, Racism & American Law,” (1973, print) by Professor Derrick Bell examines the crucial role racial hierarchies plays in promoting socioeconomic disparities such as income, wealth and opportunity between non-white individuals in
Nclive, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10892-010-9091-x. Paul Bou-Habib of the Department of Government at the University of Essex in the United Kingdom, presents this paper as a discussion of what he terms “background injustice” and racial profiling. He basically defines “background injustices”as social injustices over which the individual has no control within his profiled group. Bou-Habib suggests two accounts of background injustice. First is “responsible injustice”wherein the group proposing racial profiling is responsible for the injustice.The second account is “expressive harm” in which the person being profiled by the vividness of the harm.
In this paper the short story by Olaudah Equiano Life of Olaudah Equiano and The Journal of Christopher Columbus by Christopher Columbus will be compared. I will go over various points such as descriptive details, emotional appeal, and word choice to find what the author's purpose is in these two different narratives. First I will analyze emotional appeal. The two narratives have different cover pictures, while these are not words they do give impressions. While Equiano's narrative shows the terrible conditions that he and his fellow Africans had to endure on the ship, Columbus’s journal has a very different cover.
The primary sources in the Primary Source Readings (PSR) tell us about the many backstories of the Atlantic Slave Trade not explicitly shown in most historical textbooks. Many slave owners, merchants, and lawmakers used religions, laws, and publications to prevent slave rebellions both on plantations and aboard ships. After the Bacon’s Rebellion, the fear of another unpleasant uprising led plantation owners and merchants seeking for a lower risk alternatives, such as adopting the chattel slavery system. In order to prevent any future slave rebellion uprising, they conspired to create a system of suppression towards the people of colors using the Atlantic slave trade. Most importantly, they also controlled the social conducts of Africans by
In this paper I will seek to analyze the contribution the plural society model has made in understanding the social structure of the Caribbean. Introduction The term plural society was coined by J.S Furnivall and later continued in more depth by M.G Smith. Furnivall was writing about the colonial societies in the south east of Asia where he mainly focused on their differences in economy and M.G Smith was more focused on the British west Indies. M.G
America, the land of the free, but is that true? The book The New Jim Crow raises many questions and forces its readers to reconsider the way we think about our judicial systems. Michelle Alexander brings up 6 main themes that we need to consider, the first one being The New Jim Crow. This is the main theme of the author’s work. She believes that our current American system of mass incarceration due to the rise in drug related arrested, is an attempt to neglect people of color, the same way that the Jim Crow laws had targeted African Americans in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Class differences, according to Muñiz (1998), can be and are overcome, at least within subordinate communities. The author argues that “racial and ethnic gentrifiers can be categorized as ‘marginal gentrifiers’”(p.44). Although affluent, their belonging to a subordinate group actually propels them into segregated neighborhoods, and in her work on neighborhood change, Rose (1984) proves this is not much of a choice, but a need, as we witnessed in Taylor’s (1992) work. Given that the exclusion of subordinate groups from the white world persists even when socioeconomic progress has been made, to live amongst their own ethnic or racial group, even if segregated, is a keenly felt need. This lends support to Rose’s (1984) assertion that need, not only choice or lifestyle, may be able to explain the spatial location of certain people (Rose, 1984).
The Potential of the Economic Informal Sector in the Dominican Republic During the last two decades, sustainable economic growth has been observed in the Dominican Republic. While the annual GDP per capita was increasing by only 1.8 per cent in the whole Latin American region, the Dominican Republic has experienced the annual 4 per cent rise in the GDP per capita (ILO 1). In the past twenty years of economic success, the labour market of the Dominican Republic has expanded, keeping up with the growth of total working age population, but that did not make it less informal (ILO 5). According to the data presented by the Central Bank, informal employment comprised about 50 per cent of the total employment in the Dominican Republic between 2000
Land reform in Mexico and socialist-centered policy in Cuba highly influenced the power of their regimes and the actualization of the goals of their revolutions. Political influences often dictate stability, or lack thereof, as can be seen through the course of both Mexico’s and Cuba’s revolution and post-revolution stages. Overall, the regimes that arose from the conflicts were highly corrupt and oppressive; politically stagnant systems prevail in Cuba as corruption resonates in Mexico today. Taking these events into consideration, one can conclude that revolutions can be extremely devastating to a fragile economy, but the successful implementation of certain reforms and policy can be beneficial in managing to repair these nations depending on the
The main “common sense” argument is that by imposing minimum wages, one artificially raises the price of labour way from its “market-clearing” level and higher unemployment results-and the first to lose their jobs will be the least-skilled workers (city press;2014/11/25). The national minimum wage is a step towards an alternative growth path, in other words wages must be set to target productivity and efficiency. But it must be accompanied by other alternatives; such as industrial policy that sees that South Africa create jobs in sectors that can sustain moderately higher wages, and grow sectors that can benefit from, and contribute to, increased domestic demand (city press;2014/11/25). However national minimum wages promote equality, combat poverty and support economic development e.g. in Brazil during Lula’s tenure as president, the statutory minimum wage rose