Humiliation in the eyes of author Wayne Koestenbaum is “to be made human”. Humiliation can be perceived as a “rite of passage” or a “passport to decency”. This brings up the question, what constitutes humiliation? And, is there a difference between humiliation and shame? As described by Koestenbaum, humiliation occurs when three specific parties are present a victim, an abuser, and a witness or witnesses.
According with this new approach, the “traditional” point of view “suffer from ambiguities, inconsistencies, and contradictory empirical evidence” (R. E. Baumeister, 1996). To support this thesis, the article “Relation of Threatened Egotism to Violence and Aggression: The Dark Side of High Self-Esteem” (R. E. Baumeister, J. M. Boden, L. Smart, 1996) will be examined. Contrarily to the previous research, the chosen article does not report an experiment, but it investigates and criticises the fallacious arguments from the theory of the low self-esteem, and gives a theoretical background about the direct correlation between high egotism and
The points discussed will be their views on the cause of mass incarceration, the way in which they approach solutions to the problem and the suggested role of law enforcement officers in this solution. The first point addressed is whether or not deinstitutionalization led to a rise in the incarceration of the mentally ill. Knoll states, “a reasonable person could not fail to see the correlation among decreased funding for mental health resources, the
In addition, Brumfield’s low IQ scores, considering IQ tests margin of error, is enough to question his intellectual capacity as reasonable doubt and win his Atkins hearing. As far as the 5th Circuit claiming that the state court was not in violation of his rights because they initially did not provide him funds to make his case, is of no importance since the state court had acknowledged their mistake. After given the funds to show proper evidence Brumfield was indeed shown to be
May and Holton (2012) explain that early views identified weakness of will with akrasia, which is the state of mind in which someone acts against their better judgement. Later on, in a study by Holton (1999), he states that weakness of will consists of two distinct concepts: the first idea is violating one’s judgement (akrasia), and the second idea is violating a resolution; the actual concept of weakness of will in his opinion. Following this study, Mele (2010) conducts experiments that show weakness of will to be more than just a resolution-violation, which goes against the claims that Holton (1999) makes. And now, May and Holton (2012) address Holton’s (1999) and Mele’s (2010) studies to uncover what the definition of weakness of will is.
The theory distinguished these types into three: Harm, (psychological) damage or loss that has happened, Threat, anticipation of harm, Challenge, results from demands that a person feels confident about mastering. These kinds of psychological stress would likely be used in the study to classify the different psychological stress the respondents encounter based on the factors that affect their stress level. Like for example, if most respondents claimed that the most stressful factor is the grading system, the researchers could analyze and classify the current condition of most students having the basis of these three types of stress namely, harm, threat and
The purpose for the experiment is to understand if the framing effect affects decision making. The choices would be affected by different frames, positive and negative. The positive framing effect is less risk averse than risk seeking meaning there was no significant differences between the expected values. The negative framing effect was more risk seeking than risk averse meaning there was a significant difference between the expected values. It was also in favor of the prospect theory.
However, Edward S. Kubany has developed a definition of guilt that is easily comprehended. He states that “guilt is defined phenomenological as an unpleasant feeling with accompanying beliefs that one should have thought, felt, or acted differently" (Kubany). Kubany’s definition states that guilt is derived from the feeling that one should have acted differently in a certain situation, particularly one for which they are at fault. Feeling responsible for a particular negative situation is synonymous to guilt. This definition can easily be applied to both Macbeth and his wife.
Nonetheless the failure of censensus formation leading to voting might contribute to the tyranny of majority, which considered by the minority as unjust. Notwithstanding the contribution of deliberate democracy to a just social order, it is not a necessary condition as there are other nondemocratic of rule could also achieve a just social order. Therefore deliberate democracy is not a necessary condition but provides instrumental value to achieve a just social
A study conducted by Furnham, and McClelland (2011) tested the effects of background music which could be normal noises and/or music. After the experiment was conducted they came to a conclusion that background noises such as music do not benefit students in helping them memorize information and performing well in the test. Referring back to the hypothesis; music, background noise or any other form of distractions do not benefit people in memorizing/concentrating on what is required from them. This source is seen as valid source since it proves the hypothesis although there were some differences such as they performed the experiment with normal noises and some background music whereas the aim of this experiment is to prove that listening to hip- hop music while studying is a distraction and the people who did the experiment are still studying towards their
Statistical significance was achieved because the mean was below the standard deviation section, along with five data points. Since the study lacks clinical significance, yet shows statistical significance, the intervention is not realistic for me, even though it may be working and may simply be due to chance. Even though the intervention lacks clinical significance, I am happy with my results because it close to my
While he does not focus on pragmatic benefits of voting, MacDougall still makes a convincing case by appealing to emotions and history in a way that causes readers to feel that it is wrong not to
This incorrect because being peaceful about the offense makes the offender less likely to become angry and do something else he or she shouldn’t do. On the other hand, the students treat each other better. In the text