If good grades are the bar for which parents ask children to reach, then it is highly probable that academic achievement, or failure, is something that child places immense personal value in. Developmental psychology outlines the importance of shaping an individual in their early years and allows parenting to be effectively simplified into Effective and Ineffective parenting. Effective parenting is the positive, balanced approach to support, affection, and parental involvement. All while establishing a clear set of expectations and boundaries. However, ineffective parenting is the excessive use of behavioral or psychological control to influence a child’s behavior or to establish boundaries.
Freud's psychosexual theory of development For Freud, childhood experiences shape our personalities and behavior as adults. Freud viewed development as discontinuous; he believed that each of us must pass through a series of stages during childhood and that if we lack proper nurturing and parenting during a stage, we may become stuck in, or fixated on, that stage. According to Freud, children’s pleasure-seeking urges are focused on a different area of the body, called an erogenous zone, at each of the five stages of development: oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. Each stage is characterised by different demands for sexual gratification and different ways of achieving that gratification. In the oral stage (0-1 years of age) a new
Introduction The main purpose of this research paper is to find a correlation between parenting and their adolescent’s lifestyle and how adolescents react to the different parenting styles. Furthermore, peer affiliations and other social factors may be influenced by how parents communicate with their children at home. Parenting styles and trait emotional intelligence in adolescence by Evangelia Argyriou, Giorgos Bakonyannis and Spyridon Tantaros is a research study that goes into detail about how parental monitoring and parenting styles impact their child’s development. Another resource is Parenting and Peer Relationships: Reinvigorating Research on Family-Peer Linkages in Adolescence by B. Bradford Brown and Jeremy P. Bakken, which brings
In this research the researcher wanted to evaluate the effects of different styles of parenting on the development of social anxiety in children. The psychologist Diana Baumrind (1971, 1991) explained the distinctive paradigms of child rearing patterns based upon two parts of child rearing conduct: control and warmth. Parental control
These factors include the following: 1. Identity-crisis Biological and sociological changes in adolescent self allows the integration of two forms.First, the formation of a sense of consistency in his life. Secondly, the achievement of role identity. Juvenile delinquency generally occur because teens fail to reach the second integration period. 2.
One of the most important factors that affect a child 's development is the relationship and attachment of the child with their primary caregiver. John Bowlby studied the development of the child; he was interested in how childhood relationships affected kids as they grew older and became adults. He was also concerned with the relationship of the child and primary caregiver and how they interacted, and the effect this had on later life. Bowlby 's theory established that children’s earliest relationships shaped their later development and characterized their human life, "from the cradle to the grave"(Bowlby, 1998). The attachment style that an infant develops with their parent later reflects on their overall person.
Imagine if instead of growing up feeling lost and confused about why the world is the way it is and why mom and dad keep saying no to things without explanation, mom and dad took the time to explain their decision and help you develop an understanding of your own. Mom and Dad would be more capable of understanding how formative these years are because they had better access to parent training classes. Child psychology, a key part of developmental psychology, is vast and one of the most commonly studied types of the subject. This specialized branch focuses on the psychological processes of children from birth to adolescence. Early childhood developmental psychology is more than asking about feelings.
Erikson, a developmental psychologist, had established stages that explained psychosocial behaviors respective to age groups. In considering the significance of each stage to Erikson’s theory, trust vs. mistrust plays a key role in Muhammad’s development. Trust vs mistrust is centered around infants to eighteen-month old toddlers gaining trust by the care of the caretaker. This trust relies heavily on the caretaker providing basic needs for their survival. His theory explains that if these basic needs are not met, the infant will not develop trust and present anxious behavior.
However, cognitive abilities increase, other areas seem to slip during adolescence. David Elkind, a psychologist, believed that Adolescent Egocentrism is encouraged during the adolescent transition period. During Adolescent Egocentrism, the world is only seen by the individual's own perspective. This results in the adolescent behavior of rebellion to higher authority, inability to receive criticism from others, and quick to blame others. Adolescent Egocentrism leads to two distortions of imaginary audience and personal fables.
These sections are; individual parent and family factors, child factors, parent – teacher factors and societal factors. To start with the individual parent and family barriers. These barriers focus on parental beliefs regarding parental involvement. Often if a parent has a negative attitude towards parental involvement and disregard its importance this may lead to them becoming less and less involved in their child’s education. Under the same bracket falls, “parents’ current life contexts, parents’ perceptions of invitations for involvement, and class, ethnicity and gender.” This study shows the importance of how you “invite” or approach a parent about parental involvement.