Egocentricity In James Joyce And D. H. Lawrence

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James Joyce and D.H Lawrence were the pioneers of their time and are also known as the modern novelists. “Modernism” signifies a set of aesthetic tendencies associated with writers like Joyce, Eliot, Lawrence and Pound who wrote around 1920’s in defiance of the decadent Victorian and Edwardian tradition replacing it what is now called “High Modernism”. James Joyce (1882-1941) was a daring innovator, and he started his career as a novelist with realistic pictures of life, but with a special emphasis on the exploration of the states of human consciousness. James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, and Dorothy Richardson were the greatest among the psychological novelists of the twentieth century. They discarded the conventional concept of time and directed…show more content…
This egocentricity derives from their introverted nature.From this egocentricity proceed various manifestations of pride. It is the egocentricity of Paul and Stephen which finds its natural expression not in love, but in lust. It is lust which makes Stephen visit prostitutes frequently, and it is this lust which does not allows Paul to love Miriam and later results in a sexual intercourse with Clara Dawes, wife of Baxter Dawes. In describing the agony of frustrated lust, Joyce makes its obscenity plain. Stephen clearly recognizes his state of mortal sin and he acknowledges the interconnection of his lust and pride. It is possible to see the wading girl episode as the complete deliverance of Stephen from the restraints imposed on his sexuality by the church. Joyce seems to think that certain aspects of egocentricity are essential in the development of an artist. For instance, it would perhaps not have been possible for Stephen to find his true identity or his real vocation as artist without the following expressions of his egocentricity: Firstly, he feels compelled to excel at Belvedere in essay writing; secondly, he shows his defiant non-conformism in his encounter with Heron; thirdly, he is so rebellious that he identifies himself with Lucifer; lastly, his pursuit of individuality is ruthless, and it is this pursuit which shatters the collective ties to family, nation and religion. In case of Paul…show more content…
‘Oedipus complex’ is a psycho-analytic theory of sex. It explains the love in a child for parents of opposite sex. The term is derived from the Thebian hero, Oedipus of Greek legend who unknowingly slew his father and married his mother. The opposite of ‘Oedipus complex’ is ‘Electra complex’. Freud’s Oedipus complex to children is between the age of three and five years. In the beginning it is unconscious and instinctive, and come as a natural result of child’s dependence on the mother for food, warmth and comfort. Human beings are born lovers and the mother is one overwhelming presence of those early days, the source from which all good things flow, so that childhood is full of sex’s omnipotence. From her one learns how to express affection and maternal caress an intimate feeling of oneness which we get from her from the easy analogies to sex when we feel a conscious passion for another individual of opposite sex. Meanwhile the influence of father and other people around the child is also felt. It is a slow and gradual process of transference, which continues through childhood and puberty. Our parents are always there in our consciousness and they become our ultimate standards by which we judge others and exercise the most potent influences over our sex or love choice. The boy chooses a woman who

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