Egypt And Mesopotamia Comparison Essay

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Mesopotamia and Egypt were two great civilizations in human history. Both of them have made gigantic scientific and cultural advances which have affected our way of living throughout time. Although Egypt and Mesopotamia were developed around the same period of time, between 5000 and 6000 BC, they had environmental, political, religion and social differences. Egypt and Mesopotamia shared a fundamental geographical similarity: both societies had access to major source of water, which became key for they development and strength. Egypt, had the Nile river, and for Mesopotamia, the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Mesopotamia developed between the Tigris and Euphrates River, an area known as the "Fertile Crescent". Egypt was developed in the north…show more content…
Agriculture allowed people to settle in one place and it was a key point for society's survival. The rivers of both civilizations provided water for fertile crops, unlike Mesopotamia, Egypt was fortunate enough to have a river that flooded the surrounding banks and leaving a rich soil for agriculture (the Gift of Nile). Mesopotamia flooded was unpredictable and sometimes chaotic, they had to struggle to irrigate their agricultural land. Although Mesopotamia began as a combination of city-states, it soon became a powerful main state, with remembrance to monarchy. Egypt had a Pharaoh, a transmitted position from father to son, establishing long-lasting dynasties. Mesopotamia had a king and the king was often deposed by invading forces due the poor area of defense geography. Both systems led to the creation of strict social classes, which usually included a class of priests, merchants, farmers and laborers. Moreover, both civilizations have incorporated polytheistic religions. Often the distinction between gods and rulers was very tenuous. Some Mesopotamians Kings declare themselves as gods of the world. Despite their gods are different, many of his beliefs were similar, including views on life after death. Mesopotamia and Egypt have developed advanced writing systems, which began as simple pictograms to control exchanges and agriculture and moved to advanced letters. The Mesopotamian writing began as characters
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