With both civilizations being developed around 3500 BC, there are many similarities and differences between the Egyptians and the Mayans. The Egyptians developed their empire in Northeast Africa, which affected the way they farmed and built their cities. The Mayans developed their civilization in MesoAmerica, which influenced their culture differently from the Egyptians. The farming techniques, architecture, and religion were all influenced by the environment they lived in. Although there were some similar farming techniques between the two civilizations, there were many more differences.
In the Ancient Egyptian Government was ruled first by the Pharaoh. The Pharaoh was the superior leader of the Government, but not only of the government and the religion. On the other hand, the Pharaoh could not run the government just by himself so the Pharaoh had a position ruler and also leaders below him, they ran a different aspect of the government.
Both civilizations built massive pyramids. Some differences among these pyramids is their purposes and structure. The Egyptians’ were pointed on the top and used for a pharaoh’s tomb, while the Mayans’ were flat-topped and used for making sacrifices to the gods. Most of the architecture in both civilizations were dedicated to their gods. Both used the resources around their areas to construct their tremendous architecture.
India was and still is known as one of the most complex cultures we know of today. Two of the most memorable empires were the Mauryan and Gupta. The Mauryan dynasty formed after Alexander the Great visited India. The empire ruled by Chandragupta Maurya who was a powerful ruler and unified most of the subcontinent. The Gupta empire on the other hand was more influential even though they did not have any influential ruler and had a smaller empire.
The Epic of Gilgamesh had the Gods who are Anu, Enlil, Ninurta, Ennugi, and Ea (line 2-3, p.20). In contrast to The Epic of Gilgamesh, Genesis had the only God according to the whole story. As the omniscient God existed over the world, the God in Genesis naturally controls every field of the world without distributing roles. On the other hand, a number of the Gods in The Epic of Gilgamesh can split the roles into parts. For example, Anu is the lord of the firmament, warrior Enlil is the counselor of the city Shurrupak, Ninurta is the helper, Ennugi is the watcher over canals, and Ea is the God of wisdom (line 2-3, p.20).
The exaggeration and fantasization of certain histories has always been prevalent in Western society, however, nothing comes quite as close to being as diluted as the history of ancient Egypt. On a fundamental level, this phenomenon can be defined as Egyptomania: an obsessive interest by Westerners in ancient Egyptian culture, especially during the 19th century. While there is a lot of literature pertaining to Egyptomania in American culture, there is far less that addresses its impact on late 19th century British culture. Though the initial ancient Egyptian archaeological discoveries occurred during the time of Napoleon’s campaigns, most notably the discovery of the Rosetta Stone in 1799, the early 19th century in Britain did not see the same spark in Egyptomania as the late 19th century. This, no doubt, is related to the period of time that Great Britain occupied Egypt.
Mesoamerica was yet another emerging early civilization that did not experience in a cultural unity such as China or Egypt. There were separate different societies that rose to power and fell with time, leaving marks of historical facts that prove that these societies had continuities and changes. Thesis: In Mesoamerica, the repeating style of patriarchy occurred throughout civilizations because the men dominated in roles; there was also a continuity in how there was always a single leader that governed. Meanwhile, the development of trade lacked in all of the societies but one because they collectively focused on their evolution/change in religion. OR When reviewing many civilizations in Mesoamerica, a recurrent patriarchal approach
Many of its elements originated in religious ideas, but the struggle between Horus and Set may have been partly inspired by a regional conflict in Egypt 's history Osiris rules Egypt, having inherited the kingship from his ancestors in a lineage stretching back to the creator of the world, His queen is Isis who, along with Osiris and his murderer Set, is one of the children of the earth god geb and the sky goddess Little information about the reign of Osiris appears in Egyptian sources; the focus is on his death and the events that follow Osiris is connected with life-giving power, righteous kingship, and wise rule the ideal natural order whose maintenance was a fundamental goal in ancient Egyptian culture.Set is closely associated with violence and
Lands with no such natural protection, such as Mesopotamia, were conquered repeatedly by other cultures, absorbing to a degree the social, cultural, and political practices of their conquerors. Comparison of the Sumerian Penitential Prayer,” “...The offence, which I have committed, I know not. The transgression I have done, I know not ...”, to the Egyptian Negative Confession, “… I have wronged none, I have done no evil.” illustrates the vast difference in the religions of Mesopotamia and Egypt. One based on fear, the other on admiration. The Egyptians, far from fearing their gods, worshipped out of gratitude for their blessings.
The Mayans were people that lived in parts of Mexico, Guatemala, Belize and the occidental part of Honduras and El Salvador. It was a mesoamerican civilization that stand out for their glyph writing as well as their art, architecture, mathematics, astronomy and ecology. The Maya political system was never a state or empire. Rather, throughout its history, the Maya area was made up of a political mix that included both states and chiefdoms.The political entities varied enormously, since they were involved in rivalries, periods of domination or submission, vassalage and alliances