The Nile River Flood cycle chart explains that there is three seasons, a planting and growing season, a flooding season, and a harvesting season (Doc B). This justifies that the flood cycle provided water from the flood season and when they were done harvesting it there was food . The map of Egypt circa 1500 BCE illustrates that all of the important cities and settlement were surrounded by the Nile (Doc A). In the picture the river went straight down the map with the cities on both sides right up against it (Doc A). This certifies that there was a lot of water for bathing, irrigation, and drinking.
The Nile was the base of the Egyptians seasons because of the Nile’s flood season, the seasons were Akhet the flood season mid-June to mid-October, Peret the planting and growing season mid-October to mid-February, and Shemu the harvest season mid-February to mid-June (Document B). 95% of the people's jobs had to do with farming which became a common job because of the Nile (Document B and C). If the Nile didn’t exist their crops wouldn’t have grown as well or at all because the Nile brings sun and water to the crops during Akhet to let them grow (Document B/Information I already knew). The Nile changed so much of the economy that the Nile was almost like the governor of Ancient Egypt if they had one.
This great flood occurs in the stories of Noah, Utnapishtim, and Deucalion. The flood stories from Noah and the Flood, the Epic of Gilgamesh, and Deucalion, are all similar but have unique aspects. Flood Origins All three flood stories have similarities in the origin of the flood and the preparations taken for the flood. First of all, each story began with an angry god who wanted to wipe out humanity. However, the god was different in each story.
There are many more examples of water mentioned in the Old Testament which remind of life. In the account of the great flood, water is connected to the danger of death. The account tells us that every species died except those that were in the ark with Noah. After the flood life begins again, new and fresh. The flood cleansed and washed away the unwanted things.
This idea is furthered in the belief that "heaven in Ancient Egypt was called the Field of Reeds . . . believed to be located somewhere [along the Nile] in the East" (Document D). Religion was critical to Egyptian life; it was even a part of their government.
But how did the Nile shape Ancient Egypt? The Nile River running 4,160 miles is used for transportation, water, gathering food, and bathing to keep away disease. If the Nile was not present what would happen? The Nile River formed Ancient Egypt because the Egyptians believed in it and used the water to developed crops. More and more people coming in made it a bigger population.
Akhenaten, also known as Amenhotep IV, was one of the most intriguing Pharaohs of Egypt. His 17-year old reign (c.1353-1336 BCE) was revolutionary to the country of Egypt. Under his leadership, he transformed the cultural, spiritual, and political life of the people in Egypt during 1353-1336 BCE. The life-giving sun deity, Aten, was a new religion honoring a single God founded by Amenhotep. Following this new religion, he changed his name to Akhenaten; making it known that he will be active on behalf of Aten as the ruler of his country.
The Olmec have built their cities upon high areas surrounded by swampy landscapes, which were centered by artificial pyramid-mountains serving as temples. Every Olmec site had its own channeled water system, providing plants with water for agricultural purposes (Mann 18-19). Although details are not clear and based on numerous hypotheses, several discoveries and findings have attested that the Olmec have had a significant influence on the political and social development of subsequent civilizations in Mesoamerica. By way of example, the Mayan are known to have inherited various elements of the Olmec´s enriched culture and worldview (McNeill and McNeill 110). Furthermore, similarities between the raised gardening fields in the Andean high plains, called “Altiplanos” and the Olmec´s “distinctive technique for intensifying agricultural output” (McNeill and McNeill 110)have been discovered, which may demonstrate the influence and spread of the Olmec´s intensive wetland agricultural practices.
Ancient Egypt was a very advanced society whose inventions inspired many of the basic necessities we have today. One of these would be their methods of irrigation. They used a machine called a shadoof which was comprised of a long pole with a bucket on one end and a weighty object on the other end. These buckets were lowered into the Nile and filled with water, then easily raised back up by water wheels and emptied onto higher ground. Oxen then swung the pole so that the water could be emptied into waterways that were used to irrigate their crops.
This led to the creation of a patriarchal society. 6. Where did the earliest civilizations develop and why did they choose those locations? One of the earliest civilizations was Mesopotamia. It was located at the fertile crescent in between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, as they provided the necessary source of fresh water.