The Greek historian Herodotus once wrote, “Egypt… is, so to speak, the gift of the Nile.”(Doc. E) Ancient Egypt was one of the most important river civilizations. It was located around the world’s longest river, the Nile River. The river was full of important resources. It was made up of the Black Land, the fertile lands around the Nile, and the Red Land, the dry deserts beyond the Black Land. The Nile River shaped Ancient Egypt, both figuratively and literally by influencing the geography of Ancient Egypt, spiritual beliefs of the Ancient Egyptians, and Ancient Egypt’s calendar year. The river was full of food, fresh water, a good way of transportation, provided silt, and increased trade.
The Egyptians believed that the Nile river is what started the Egyptian civilization. They also believed that the good of the Nile river provide them with the necessities they need to survive. They wrote an hymn to the river to show how grateful they to the river. The hymn starts of by giving praise to the Nile and thank the river for being water to the land. They thank Re or the sun god for being light to the land and providing the cattle with energy to survive. Keb or the earth god was the good who was over the corn god. Ptah, created all the tool that the Egyptians, but he or she had to have help from the Nile.
Due to the need to maintain order and organize community projects. The Egyptians soon organized states and recognized official authorities. The earliest states were small kingdoms. The first small kingdoms in Egypt appeared in 4000 b.c.e. In Yangzi and Yellow river valleys the societies that were emerging after 5000 b.c.e. They also developed the need for a recognized authorities. Instead of kings, the Egyptians recognized pharaoh as the supreme ruler.The authorities of the Yangzi and Yellow river valley also maintained order and organized community work projects. A power that rulers in the Yangzi and Yellow river societies has was the ability to resolve disputes. Though it can be assumed that the Nile rulers could too. They did not just have states which had kings, instead they had village level organization. Which worked for the local affairs. When the societies came under a united rule,they had a king and rulers to preside over small territories. During the Shang dynasty the rulers relied on a large collection of political allies.
Ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt were two early human civilizations that lived during the bronze age in harsh desert environments located not far from each other. Both civilizations were built around rivers that they depended on for survival. There is evidence that these rivers had great influence on both the societies politics and culture. Egypt was built around the very strong and reliable Nile River. Ancient Mesopotamia was established in the fertile crescent between the less reliable Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. During the bronze age both Ancient Mesopotamians and Ancient Egyptians developed forms of religion that highly reflected their habitat. They had many similarities in their politics even though they had completely different forms of government. Both societies were also known for their discoveries in art and technology. They developed their own forms of writing, different tools and architecture.
Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, modern day Iraq, were two civilizations that shaped the way with regards to the religious, public works, and government aspects of our lives. They showed how to act in order to be successful. Many of the acts that were performed in ancient times are still done today. There are many aspects that go into a civilization, but the three that were really significant in the ancient civilizations of Egypt and different Mesopotamian civilizations were the similarities and differences between the religious, public works, and governmental aspects. When archeologists look at two different civilizations they often use the skill of comparison. This is a skill that is used to see how these given civilizations thrived or failed. Egypt and
Ancient Egypt was one of the four preeminent river civilizations in history along with Tigris river and Euphrates river supporting Mesopotamia, China on the Yangtze and India on the Indus. These successful early civilizations actively relied on the rivers for various resources and Egypt was the ultimate testimony. Egypt would just be dry desert land lacking the rich culture of intelligent inhabitants that developed their own literature, machinery, theories, and unbelievably accurate mathematical and astronomical equations/facts if it weren 't for the Niles existence.
A country's environment and geographical location has an influence on the people and their way of life.Egypt is an example of this. Egypt is located in the northeastern part of Africa. Egypt's land is mostly desert, so the Aswan High Dam was built. This dam allowed Egypt to have year-round irrigation, and to grow three crops a year rather than just one. Since the Nile River flows through Egypt, most Egyptians live along its banks, so that they can use it for water and transportation. Egypt's location by the Nile River and its mostly desert land have affected the Egyptians crops and where they choose to live.
Ancient Egypt-a place typically associated with pyramids, pharaohs, and King Tut. It’s hard to imagine the builders of the pyramids doing ordinary things like eating breakfast or applying makeup; but that’s exactly what they did. Although life in Ancient Egypt is drastically different from life today, they still had daily routines, just like we do.
Civilization is the cooperation between individuals within a region. The first civilizations were Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations. Both civilizations acquired a different environment. However, their environment promoted religion, specifically polytheism. Although their environments were different, both civilizations were in harmony about the existence of many gods. Religion played an important role in civilization as government laws and divine kingship derived from it. Both civilizations were quite similar, but acquired some differences unique to each civilization. These differences include the environment, divine kingship, and sense of security from either nature or law. The idea and practices of ancient Mesopotamia originated from the Sumerians. Moreover, both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization diffused their practices and ideas to other ancient civilizations like the Hebrews and the Greeks. The laws from the Mesopotamian civilization were diffused into the Hebrew civilization as the Exodus. Both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization also influenced the Greeks with the idea that the gods were in control of the fate of humans and the environment. In addition, the Greek idea of gods evolved, which was not identical to both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations.
The Nile River allowed for a national ancient Egyptian economy. Unlike other ancient civilizations, Egypt was hundreds of miles long and only a few miles wide and was surrounded by deserts (Doc A). Egypt’s awkward shape made bartering from the northern end to the southern end virtually impossible. It was not efficient to travel hundreds of miles of desert just to trade goods. Luckily for the Egyptians, the Nile flowed “south to north against a prevailing northerly wind” (Doc C). This allowed for the ancient Egyptians to travel from the northernmost point to the southernmost point and vice versa. Because
Most of the Egyptian Empire is desert, but along the Nile River the soil is rich and good for growing crops. Ancient Egypt was during 3100-2686 B.C. The three most important crops were wheat, flax, and papyrus. Wheat was the main stable food of the Egyptians. They used it to make bread. The Egyptians get all this from the river and its stages. First there is the drought where everything is dry. Second a flooding season happens. Last is the farming season where everyone is growing crops in fields. The River nile is in Africa. It originates in Burundi, (See Appendix A) south of the equator, and flows northward through northeastern Africa, eventually flowing through the Egyptian Empire, and finally draining into the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile and its three stages are important discovery of Ancient Egypt, Middle East because of the advancement in water, science, farming, and environmental it had on the region.
Globally, the agricultural sector consumes about 70% of the planet's accessible freshwater . Water is an indispensable resource to help build a stronger economy. In many cases, the water helped develop a stronger civilization in Ancient Egypt. The Ancient Egyptians were the first ones to build an agriculture system with the help of the Nile River. Moreover, the water helped transport goods faster through traveling in a boat. Water helped establish a stronger and more stable infrastructure which led to development of roads and bridges. Also, by traveling faster the Egyptians were able to spread their ideas faster through cultural diffusion. This paper shall attempt to take a closer look at how water helped develop a stronger
Ancient Egypt is one of the greatest ancient civilizations in the world. It is the home to the great River Nile and the sun god, Amon-Ra. In this barren landscape, where sand reigns supreme, a small group of people built a lasting civilization that would be remembered for all time. From pyramids to great medical achievements, jaw-dropping temples seen like nowhere else, and a hierarchal structure of power, these people built a nation in the desert. Ancient Egypt was known for lots and lots of things but they are some major characteristics that made it as great as it was. In the following essay, the main characteristics of this civilization will be outlined and explained on what made this a great and lasting civilization that is still talked about to this day.