Self Enhancement: Eight Features Of Self-Esteem

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Self-enhancement is a type of motivation which means people do some actions to get the sense of satisfaction and maintain their own self-esteem. This motivation has an obvious effect and prominent features in failure, success, and threat. There are eight features of self-enhancement, which including positive evaluation of appearance or attractiveness, self-presentational behavior, social facilitation effects, self-serving explanations, downward comparison, group polarization, consistency and responsibility. This is a western theory and Chinese only can fulfill some parts in the self-enhancement behavior. In the following, we will explain individually. Firstly, Chinese is not engaging in the positive evaluation of one’s appearance…show more content…
It is about the self-handicapping behavior which refers to techniques for intentionally putting oneself at a disadvantage to provide an excuse for an expected failure. It is also a conscious to avoid the experience of failure. Therefore, people’s self esteem will not be hurt. For example, the midterm test is coming after three weeks. A student engages self in ‘important’ extracurricular activities for more than two weeks. If the student fails in the midterm, he will think that it is not the problem of his abilities and the main reason is lack of time to study. This concept is similar to Chinese’s personality.Chinese are living in a big society and they are collectivism. Kolditz and Arkin (1982) suggested that self-handicapping occurs in order to manage impressions, and thus protect oneself from the judgment of others.(P.728) Basically, the behavior for collectivist culture is regulated by in-group norms. When they did something wrong, they will fear to face the criticism from their society and bring the damage to the society. Thus, the Chinese will engage in self handicapping behavior to have a positive self-evaluation and protect the society…show more content…
Chinese engage in appearing to self or others that one is a responsible person. The responsibility is connected with obedience. People will follow orders given by an authority figure and they think this is a responsible behavior, even the request is illegal or breach of ethics. People are not realizing what they did when they are acting according to their own beliefs and when they meekly submitting to authority. According to the Milgram’s obedience study, we can perceive that one was not responsible for the welfare of the victim as the factors underlying obedience to hurting a victim and people tend to obey orders from other people if they recognize their authority as morally right and legally based. Chinese society has a high power distance. If the person in power or authority ask them to complete some orders, Chinese also will follow it on the ground that they are afraid to reject people and they think that they have the responsibility to help the society solve the problem. Moreover, the evolution of Chinese society are kind, trusting and sincere, so they worry about other people will disappoint. The diligence of them is responsible. They also worry to generate the losses to the society and this is an irresponsible behavior, so they will engage in this

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