Eight Phychosocial Stages Of Development Theory And Erikson's Development
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Erik Erikson postulated eight psychosocial stages, an innovation to the five stages development of Dr. Sigmund Freud. Each of the psychosocial stages is marked by a psychosocial crisis that needs to be resolved so that the individual can move on. In these stages especially during the initiative versus guilt stage, Erikson believed that children begin to have the ability to control themselves and now learn to have some influence over others. This stage is the play age of children. Thus, crisis unresolved during this stage will lead children to become compulsively moralistic or overly inhibited (Apruebo, 2008). This theory aided the research in such a way that it explains how a child, especially during their play age develop a psychopathology which causes in the delay of the development of a child.
Dr. Sigmund Freud asserts that the first few years of life are decisive for the formation of personality. He developed five stages namely: the oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage, latency stage and genital stage. In these stages especially during the phallic stage, Freud believed that identification will occur (Apruebo, 2008). According to Freud (as cited in Papalia, Olds & Feldman, 2009), identification is the adaptation of characteristics, beliefs, attitudes, values and behaviors of the parent of the same sex occurs in children. With this, the theory will help the research on explaining the behavior of the children toward opposite sex