However, conflict can arise when it is discovered that a client meets the criteria for a diagnosis that could negatively affect the client because of the stigma attached to that particular diagnosis. Clinicians often feel personal internal pressure as they grapple with diagnosing someone who they believe will suffer from more from being accurately diagnosed than he or she will, if given a less severe diagnosis. Clinicians often want to avoid the negative effects that the labeling of a severe diagnosis will have on a client’s self-esteem (1988). Along with internal pressure, external pressure also weighs heavily on clinicians. In order to adhere to external pressure brought on by agencies seeking and insurance companies seeking reimbursement, clinicians may be pressured to over-diagnosis patients.
One approach to explaining FM is the source monitoring framework (SMF; reference). It purports that mental experiences are attributed to memory by ongoing judgment processes (Johnson, 1993). False memory might then be explained by errors in source monitoring. Such errors include; a disruption to perceptual processes such as restricted encoding of the source information or by disturbed judgment processes. The SMF insinuates that: qualitative characteristics of an experience - such as emotional details, the embeddedness of the experience, a set of flexible criteria and ones own social beliefs can distort memory.
Coping with chronic illnesses might be a bit more difficult for individual knowing that the illness is not temporary. However, the best way to live life through any illness, whether that be asthma or cancer, is first and foremost to have a positive outlook on life. A psychological way of coping with chronic illnesses is through appraisals (Gurung, 2013, p 309). Being sick and knowing that one has support through family and friends, can help cope with the idea of being chronically ill. Marital status, also has a huge influence in coping with chronic illnesses (August & Sorkin, 2010).
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is an important look at the methods humans use in our interaction with our shared environments and how we relate differently to shared experiences (Cohen, D., Cohen M., Cross, H., 1981). Differences in how individuals relate to and understand our surroundings are displayed and sorted using scales for several fields. Extroversion and introversion are determined and assigned to this indicator using either E or I. A clear definition between sensing and intuition is also defined by the assignment of S or N. Also, thinking and feeling are compared and determined adding the letters of either T or F to the result. The last letter in ones conformed profile will include either J or P for judging compared to perception.
Study 1 Dialectical/Non-Dialectical Thinking Priming Paradigm In order to induce dialectical (or non-dialectical) mindsets, self-reported cognitive tasks such as thinking about and describing experiences that had both positive and negative consequences for the self (or had either positive or negative consequences for the self) are adopted by previous researchers (Spencer-Rodgers et al., 2004). Because proverbs are useful reflections of cultural norms (Briley et al., 2000; Peng & Nisbett, 1999), researchers have adopted proverbs to identify various thinking styles (Dundes, 1993; Peng & Nisbett, 1999). Examples of dialectical proverbs containing contradiction (i.e., dialectical duality) include the proverb Too much humble is pride, which explicitly contradicts the very meaning of the word humble. Some proverbs may express ideas and/or logic that go against the prevailing cultural norms.
Varelius argues that treating the patient based on objective prudential values is better for the patient than respecting her subjective values. Also, when the patient is presented with the idea, she will realize that her decision was based on false reasoning and she will change her mind. This makes Varelius paper much stronger and much more likely to
Using the Health Belief Model, Kate has a low perceived susceptibility and low perceived severity. As Poudel, and Sumi (2017) study showed people tend to misjudge their own risk; therefore, providing accurate communication about risk has the potential to motivate patients to initiate and maintain behavior changes. In order to educate Kate, I must first see what her perceived susceptibility is. If she is not aware of her personal risk factors, my plan would be on educating her about them. If Kate is aware of the risk but does not have the confidence or believes the behavior change is overwhelming, my plan would be focused on ways to eliminate or reduce those perceived
Knowing about personal health risks, making changes to lessen them, and sticking with these changes are important for maintaining optimal health. In the end, each individual is responsible for their own actions, and becoming educated about their risks will help them to make better choices. The audience for this persuasive essay will include both employers and employees. The first challenge in reaching this audience could be potential privacy concerns. Employers should not have access to health records of their employees that is not work related, and some may worry that their medical information will be shared.
I believe that unless a patient has explicitly said that they do not wish to be told bad news, it is a doctor’s duty to tell them the truth. This provides the patient with the most respect for a person and their autonomy. It also allows the patient to make important decisions regarding their own health, relationships, and finances. If the news is very bad, the patient can then decide to reconcile with estranged family members/friends, have the time to write a will, and settle any unfinished business. If the news is not so bad, the patient can decide what treatment path, if any, they wish to
The customers of cancer research will be the people who have cancer and who are receiving the treatment. As a customer they will want the researchers to be finding the best research possible to help them find a cure as quickly as possible. If the customers feel as if they aren’t being treated in the right way then they may decide to find another charity which can help them also. If customers do decide to leave then other new customers won’t be interested in Cancer research because they will feel as if they won’t get the right help they need. This may lead to cancer research getting a bad reputation.
Delbeke discusses how some people believe assisted suicide should not just be up to physicians to perform. Some people feel that, depending on the task, even nurses, social workers and clergy could perform the suicide. A benefit of this would be less responsibility and burden on the physician, but there are more bad factors. If it starts to become acceptable to let non-physicians perform assisted suicide then more people may become involved than necessary. Delbeke provides information that she thinks assisted suicide would become institutionalized and a certain routine would come about.
But, if a person is assumed to be better than they really are, there might not be such a rush to change their minds. The reaction also depends on the person. While some people are very bothered by what people say and think of them, others couldn’t care less. In addition, while this could increase motivation in one person, it could also decrease motivation in all aspects of life for