Introduction Incarceration is a growing problem in the United States. Overall, the prison capacity has increased due to the frequency of custodial punishment, longer sentences, and high recidivism rates, which leaves approximately 60% of the prisons at maximum capacity (Ginn, 2012). This environment presents challenges for security as well as for prison healthcare practitioners. Since security is the major concern in these prison facilities, healthcare is a subsequent interest. However, if competent healthcare is not available to inmates, they don’t have the luxury to find another source to treat their health concerns.
This is ensuing to prisoners being sent to prisons that are a long way from their homes, henceforth upsetting the visits, one example of unofficial actors. According to Rebekah Stratton (2004), in 2011, Governor Jerry Brown introduced a plan that helped California prisons, reduction the prison population, by relocating prisoners with non-violent charges to county jails and probation center. Official actors, The New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision such fellow Governor of California, Jerry Brown policy in order to tackle this overcrowding problem, the current policy are not effective, cause each year, “a large number of people wind up in prison without being prosecuted for a long periods of time” (Aborn & Cannon, 2013). In the event that the person can 't afford the cost of bail, the person may invest months in detention while his or her case is pending. As agreed by Aborn & Cannon (2013), “10 to 40 percent of the entire incarcerated population is behind bars without a conviction in most countries in the Americas”.
The biggest challenge that elderly inmates pose is the cost to house them. With it being double, triple, and even quadruple the cost than the traditional prisoner to house, it puts a financial burden on the prison systems. Other challenges that elderly inmates pose are protecting them from other inmates because they cannot defend themselves and to ensure they are receiving all of their required health care. It is expected that for every elderly inmate, they will have at the minimum “three chronic illnesses” (Schmalleger & Smykla, 2015, p. 405). Correctional institutions across the country also struggle with being in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act because they have to ensure that the elderly inmates have all of the
Senior Care and Pain Management One of the fears of growing old is that chronic pain will be a part of everyday life. While many seniors do deal with pain as a complication of illness or injury, pain is not a normal part of aging and does not need to be so. There are two major categories of pain: acute pain and chronic pain. Acute pain is pronounced and has a short duration. This type of pain is the body 's way of telling you there is something wrong.
Especially since most people sit all day, the pressure on the intestines adds to the problem. Your internal organs, spine, neck muscles and more bear the brunt of too much sitting and it 's now shown to possibly take years off of your life. No matter how you spend your day, the time you spend in the bathroom should be productive, not painful or partial. Unfortunately, the way you 're probably accustomed to going may not be right for proper elimination. Normal sitting on a toilet does not allow for free flow through the colon to the point of
Research has found that the growth is not caused by more crime but by policies that send inmates to prison for longer periods of time. One of the consequences of this is the increase of older inmates in prisons. Unless dramatic changes come to sentencing and the parole policies the number of older prisoners could soar over 400,000 by 2030 posing a tremendous threat to state and federal budgets. Cost For instance, inmates over 55 are more costly than their younger counter parts because of their increased medical needs and special treatment . It has been said that inmates over 50 spend more than twice as much time at a medical facility and it is also estimated that an elderly inmates suffer from three chronic illnesses The average cost for a prisoner over 50 is 68,000 a year
Current knowledge: My current knowledge in the Health and Social environment includes contemporary issues such as lifestyle factors such as drinking heavily, smoking, a poor diet lacking enough fruit and vegetables and not doing enough exercise. These all contribute to people becoming unwell more often and needing to rely on the NHS. An increasing amount of overweight/obese children shows us that this trend is set to continue. The NHS has helped to decrease the number of people dying from diseases which is great but this means that although people are living longer, it also means that they may be living with one or more long-term complex conditions. These include diabetes, heart and kidney diseases and liver problems.
In todays society the increase of violence and crime has lead many people incarcerated causing many prison facility’s to be over crowded. Many prison facility’s are under staff and very low funded to help keep the security, safety, and medical needs of prisoners. According to an article “Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie” by Peter Wagner and Bernadette Rabuy, every year more then 636,000 people leave prison, but there are over 11 million people entering into prison. In addition, many of these crimes that people committed are mostly drug, alcohol related, and non-violate offenses. In order to keep prisons from being over crowded, courts would have people with minor and non-violent offense be released on probation.
Increasing population in incarceration is a main concern regarding mass incarceration. Numerous sentencing policies has changed resulting in an incline in prison population. Some have stated that transitions within our society from early to late modernity has change the way people experience things causing a different approach to the dealings with crime. Studies show that incarceration has a negative effect on ex-prisoners. They do not meet high income expectations and incarceration reduces inmate’s wages from 30-40%.
When trying to "break" prisoners, interrogators may use sleep deprivation; your body 's need for sleep is that important. According to WebMd, 90 percent of people who suffer from a lack of sleep also have another medical disorder. Chronic lack of sleep has been linked to increased risks of heart disease, heart attack, high blood pressure, stroke, and diabetes. In short, you need to take a break every now and then just to make sure you are properly rested. If you fall ill, who will care for your loved one?
Elderly offenders One of the biggest problem facing the correctional is not the disease all but the population whit elderly offenders are, that the population is increasing and the prisons are not sure how to solve this problem. The most of the elderly have been in prison for most of their lives. And when they are in prison for most of their lives most of them don’t have family members to take care of them or they don’t have any type of education and they have a difficult time in the real world or most of them will end up homeless or death. Most of them come back again to prisons and keep repeating the same cycle Elderly offenders consist about four percent of arrest of the United States and by the time we are in 2020 the percent will increased about 15% and the population will included about people between 65 and older. And almost nine times male that female is arrested and that female elderly the percentage are lower than the male.
Elderly prisoners have a hard time living in prison. The cause is that since they are old most of the younger inmates abuse of them. Most of them are sick meantally or physically. They dont really do much in a genarl prison. Thats why they are starting a new program called True Grit Señior Structure living program.
Even the early release of inmates to work release or parole can help with the budgets; there are still things that make it hard for people to actually be ok with letting inmates out of prison. Many people feel that if you have committed a crime that you stay inside jail until you have completed your entire sentence. People with assault, theft, burglary, and drug convictions return within three years due to the fact that not many people who are released into the work program and who are put on parole are
Most people in the United States each year go the prison and keep there for non-violent crime, such as drug related offenses. This issue has affected many family’s life for many years and caused the prisoners to deprive from many of their rights. Lacking the appropriate policies for keeping drug related offenses in prison has been a public health crisis and created a new addiction, like penchant for locking people up in prison. The author in this article “prison addiction: why mass incarceration policies must change.” discusses about lacking the appropriate policies for incarceration for non-violent drug related offenses. In this regard, he points that this issue has been part of public health crisis, and many families live in poverty with
241-64. Web. 15 Oct. 2015. Recently, the issue of treating mentally ill inmates while they serve time for the crimes they committed has become a very prevalent topic (Glazer n.pag.). Because budget cuts have caused many mental health institutions to shut down, court and law officials have been led to place these mentally ill offenders in jails that do not have the equipment and staff necessary to help treat them (Glazer n.pag.).