Furthermore, complete denture wearers need 7 times more chewing strokes than those with natural dentitions to be able to cut food into half of its original size . Moreover, the width of the masseter muscle was found to be reduced in edentulous patients, thus decreasing bite force .This may partly explain why subjects wearing complete dentures have more difficulty chewing hard foods. [33, 34]. As a result, research has continously showed that tooth loss and dental status have a bad effect on diet and food selection [20,
With this disease, bones become weaker and therefore more prone to breaks. This condition can be prevented and can also be treated making early identification is crucial. Human bones are constantly regenerating themselves and new bones are made while older bones are broken down. Bone mass is peaked for most people at their early 20s and as people age the bones are unable to regenerate as quickly as they used to at their prime. Risk factors that may cause this disease are age, race, lifestyle choices, and various previous medical conditions.
However, as someone ages, the intervertebral discs shrink in size and results in excessive curvature of the spine. In addition, “tumors or tuberculosis of the vertebral bodies and ankylosing spondylitis” also contribute to kyphosis (Frazier, 2013). Lastly, osteoporosis, a bone thinning disorder, causes bones to become weak and brittle and results in compression fractures of the vertebrae. Osteoporosis usually occurs in older people, such as the postmenopausal woman. In general, the prevalence of kyphosis of the general population is roughly between 0.4% to 8.3% (Kyphosis,
With only 20 percent kidney function, patients will have high levels of potassium in their blood because the kidneys lose their ability to remove excess potassium from the body. This is a life-threatening condition that can result in abnormal heart rhythms and death. Potassium levels may be controlled with dietary restriction. Excess Phosphorus. Patients with advanced kidney disease often experience itchy skin caused by excess phosphorus, which is due to the loss of the kidneys’ ability to filter.
As stated by (6), persistent chronic pain can suppress the immune system by activating the pituitary-adrenal axis. It can cause various negative effects on the patient such as cardiovascular, renal systems and gastrointestinal. As a result, the pain can affect the elderly ADL (7). According to (8), pain should be promptly addressed and managed to avoid unnecessary risk of legal action. Undertreatment of pain is a widespread problem and every 1 of 2 elderly experienced pain and are poorly managed as mentioned by (9).
Alzheimer's is described as a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Victims lose the whole essence of who they are and slowly deteriorate while remaining powerless. Tragically more than 5.3 million people fall victim to Alzheimer's disease and it is the 6th leading cause of death in the United States (alz.org). Yet, it still cannot be cured, slowed, or prevented. The disease is often seen as a result of old age and not taken seriously.
The average adult eliminates between twenty-seven and sixty-eight fluid ounce a day based on the common intake of sixty-eight ounces. Urinary incontinence is the loss of bladder control, a common disease more often seen in women due to pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause. Urinary incontinence has levels of severity from urinating when you sneeze or cough to the urge to urinate that you
Chronic Heart Failure is a condition where the heart has failed to support the physiological circulation needed to provide the organs and tissues of the body with nutrients and oxygen (Peate & Dutton 2012). This condition usually occurs because the muscles of the heart have weakened or are too stiff to work. There are several causes of CHF, including heart attacks, high blood pressure, cardiomyopathy, heart valve problems and structural changes to the myocardium; yet the type of CHF depends on which part of the heart is affected and the extent of the damage (NICE 2010). There are around 900,000 people in the UK who suffer from heart failure and within a year 30-40% of patients will die due to heart failure. Statistics show that the survival rate for CHF is worse than breast or prostate cancer.
“Approximately 12.7 million, or 17 percent, of children and adolescents are obese. Unhealthy weight gain due to poor diet and also lack of exercise is responsible for over 300,000 deaths each year. Overweight children are much more likely to become overweight adults unless they adopt and maintain healthier patterns of eating and exercise” (Aacap.org). Similarly, statistics from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2011-2014 discovered that “prevalence of obesity among U.S. youth was 17.0% in 2011–2014. Overall, the prevalence of obesity among preschool-aged children (2–5 years) (8.9%) was lower than among school-aged children (6–11 years) (17.5%) and adolescents (12–19 years) (20.5%).
The bones do not work properly when not in good condition, and when they have aged, they start not working as properly. They can get worn down from overuse or when you have used your bones your whole life since your bones never change or re replaced. "Some are programmed to die naturally, but conditions like osteoarthritis and osteoporosis are linked with an increased level of cell death. In other words, when a higher number of osteocytes die, the bones become weaker" (World of Anatomy and Physiology). Aging can start at different ages for every person, but for most women it starts in their thirties and for men it usually starts in their fifties.
Callaghan (2015) highlighted that asylum seekers are mainly known as a group of people who has complex health and social care needs in the ward. This could be linked to lack of deprive healthy lifestyle information or understanding due to higher level of non English speaking population in the ward. Dahlgren and Whitehead (1991) highlighted those most influencing factors on people’s health can be classed into physical, behavioural factors, biological, social and environment. For example life style choices such as smoking can be avoided whiles biological factors such as cancer is past people’s control. In addition Liz (2015), found that 71% of the people in the ward suffer poor health such as respiratory and diabetes whiles 46% are affected by mental health illness compared to overall Leeds 12%.
Taking a medication or medications everyday of one’s life is not always an easy task. According to Benjamin (2012), “Seventy-five percent of Americans have trouble taking their medicine as directed” (p.2). Lack of adherence can cause a person their health as well as the health care system billions of dollars. An approximation of 125,000 deaths a year in the United States (U.S.) is due to medication non adherence (p.2). Benjamin (2012) stated, “nearly half of all the Americans-133million-people suffer from at least one ongoing or chronic health condition” (p.2) Therefore, it is important to help and prevent non adherence with medication for patients.
show age related loss of function in elderly population.1 Although constipation is not considered as direct consequence of ageing, it is more common in elderly as compared to young population.2,3 Constipation may affect up to 60% individuals late in life.1 Limited mobility, medications, underlying diseases, and rectal sensory motor dysfunction may be contributing factors in increased prevalence of constipation in older adults.2,4 Prevalence of chronic constipation is 20% in general population with significant negative impact over quality of life.3,5,6 General health, mental health, and social functioning are significantly impaired as compared to healthy individual. This impairment is comparable to other medical conditions like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis,