Elderly Population

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Emerging Ageing Issues and Spatial Patterns of Elderly Population In Maharashtra

In the present scenario along with developed nations, developing countries are also experiencing growth in the proportion of aging population. In case of India, population data from census 2001 and 2011 point out that the elderly population (aged 60 and above) has been on rise substantially. In India most of the elderly population is living in poverty and is also illiterate. Recognising of spatial patters of elderly population is essential for the framing and implementation of polices related to them. Maharashtra, one of the most economically developed states has a higher percentage of elderly population compared to national average. In developing countries
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On other hand developing countries particularly India and china in last couple of decades are experiencing rapid growth in the proportion of elderly population. Most of the studies point out that in present situation old age population of developing countries is growing faster than developed countries. In general elderly population need more care and support. In most of the developed countries elderly people are pensioners or economically sound as well various policies are framed for them by government. But in India most of the elderly population is living in a lower level of socio-economic conditions and are also illiterate. This is the major challenge in front of…show more content…
The elderly population of Maharashtra has increased dramatically from 8.45 million (8.7 percent to total population) in 2001 to 11.11 million (9.9 percent to total population) in 2011, showing a significant growth of 31.37 percent, on other hand share of working age group (15-59 years) population has registered only 24 percent increase and youth population group (0-14 years) has registered a negative growth rate. This shows that the number and proportion of elderly citizens in the total population of the state has sharply increased in last few decades. At the same time the rate of ageing is not uniform across the districts of the state. Some districts particularly lower on the scale of economic development are at the forefront of this transition, where as the proportion of elderly one’s in economically developed districts is low. Such uneven significant shift in the proportion of elderly population in Maharashtra is mounting pressure on variety of socio-economic and healthcare policy challenges. So recognising of spatial patters of elderly population in the state is essential for the framing and implementation of polices related to

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