This decision showed that even though African-Americans can vote, their vote was not always counted. This caused people to stand up and fight back for their rights that are stated in the 14th Amendment, and protected by the Equal Protection Clause. Eventually the state of Florida stopped going against the two contracts by not counting votes by making excuses that they are “bad votes.” The states started counting votes from other races, and still do today. No matter who won the election of 2000, Florida should have counted all of the properly submitted votes from the African-Americans. Not counting those votes goes against the 14th Amendment, which states that citizens of the United States shall not be deprived of their rights or of equal protection from the law.
Preclearance was a constitutional response to voter discrimination, but it was also unconstitutional to apply it to states based on past issues (Sensenbrenner, 2016). Thus, the law’s strongest protections have been rendered meaningless. Clearly they never heard of Tocqueville’s tyranny of the majority. The tyranny of the majority is when a dominant group uses its control of the government to abuse the rights of minority groups (Magstadt, p.78, 2015). Executing laws that place restrictions on minorities sounds all too familiar.
Based off the notes i took and looking at the numbers over and over, I have come to the conclusion that the election between G.W. Bush and Al Gore was not legitimate. If they did a recount in all the counties in Florida and finished on time then it would have easily shown that Al Gore was the true winner and should have been president of the United States. All that G.W. Bush did was help and make his people stop Al Gore from recounting all his votes.
Also, they ordered that every county in Florida begin manually recounting all ballots that did not indicate a vote for president due to the fact there were enough contested ballots to significantly impact the outcome of the election. Governor George Bush and his running mate, Richard Cheney, in retaliation, filed a request for review to the Supreme Court. They sought an emergency petition to counter the Florida Supreme Court’s decision. The Court granted the writ of certiorari to determine whether the recount procedures adopted by the lower court were consistent with its obligation to avoid arbitrary and disparate treatment of the members of its electorate. The Supreme Court heard this case of December 9, 2000 and focused on two main issues.
Gore case the U.S. Supreme Court steps in and decides to end the recount and declares Bush as the winner. Justice O’Connor along with four other justices terminated the challenges to the presidential election held in December, which will conclude the ongoing recount in Florida. This ended Al Gore chances of becoming president. Since the election O’Connor in an interview with Chicago Tribune stated “maybe the court should have said, ‘We’re not going to take it, goodbye’. It turned out the authorities in Florida hadn’t done a real good job there and kind of messed up.
Witt appealed for five reasons, but out of the five, only one was accepted. Witt argued that jurors were forced to step down because they would not automatically vote guilty or not guilty. Even if they believed they could give a fair trial judges can remove the juror, Witt believed jurors who were removed were most likely to vote not guilty and felt his 6th and 14th amendment rights were violated. The appeal was dismissed before the fourth hearing, reason behind that is the judge can dismiss a juror pretrial if he/she believes the juror will use her personal or religious. In this case the juror was dismissed by the by the Supreme Court, the dismissal was correctly done since the juror at no point said that they would vote not guilty.
In 2012 218,959,000 people were eligible to vote and only 126,144,000 actually voted this outcome shows people don 't have belief their vote counts due to previous acts of the Electoral College. These non-voters adopting the mindset that they don’t matter or don’t count in the bigger picture; 13.4% 218,959,000 of these people not voting simply did not care on voting. The number one reason for people not voting is them believing their vote does not count and the Electoral College chooses the president either way. The concept of how the Electoral College works is not widely talked about it is mostly seen as being complex and people saying their vote doesn’t count anyways. This influences many voters to not even put up with registering to vote or ever voting at all.
This week’s lesson gave me more clarity on the-the Electoral College. It was confusing at first to hear that the popular vote does not win an election. Bush lost the popular votes, but won the electoral vote in 2000, cleared by the Supreme Court (POLS201). I think it is better for the candidate to worry about the crucial electoral votes than the popular votes. According to POL201 lesson book, former Senator John Kerry in 2004 and Al Gore 2000 had the victories in California, but Bush won both elections.
Following the nomination, Bush would go on to battle Democratic candidate, Al Gore, for the presidential nomination. This was not a clear victory for either part, and was the starting point of controversy for Bush that would remain through his presidency and so on. On Election Day 2000, news stations were inconsistent as they would declare one candidate winner and vice versa. The candidates were already neck and neck, so the tally for Florida was crucial as it was the determining factor. All focus turned to the state as several counties reported issues in regards to voting, such as confusion on ballot or misprints.
In the year 2000, during the presidential election, many people had believed that Al Gore had won, only to discover in the morning that George W. Bush had been declared the winner. In fact, the election was simply too close to call. In the end it came down to one: Florida, where Bush 's younger brother, Jeb, was governor. Florida electors were unable to commit themselves to either Bush or Gore owing to the closeness of the vote. Brush fires erupted in several precincts where the candidates ' surrogates traded allegations about various improprieties.