Electoral College Voting Process

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Every four years, on the first Tuesday in November, millions of American citizens go to the polls and vote indirectly for their President. However, the actual election takes place in December and only 538 people are involved and this small group is called the Electoral College. This paper will explain and analyze the voting process of the US president, mainly focusing on the Electoral College. The US Constitution was forged 200 hundred years ago in which the “founding father” divided the process of electing the President and Vice President in two-step systems; by which people will cast their votes, then these votes will convene to a small group, Electoral College. These groups of people would eventually meet state by state after the election; where they would cast their vote and elect the next US President. In general, the selection of electors is chosen by the candidate’s political party. The Electoral Colleges are made of 538 electors, corresponding to the 435 members of the House of Representatives, 100 senators, and the three additional electors from the District of Columbia who cast their vote to elect the president and vice president. In addition, a simple majority of 270 electors produce the US President. However, if no candidate is unable to come up with that majority, the Constitution provides a provision for the House Representative to…show more content…
Presidential Candidate must take the Electoral College into consideration when mapping out campaign strategy. This rule of Electoral College forces the candidates to decide where to allocate their resources and what voters would their target. In addition, this system reinforces the idea of two-party system while hinder the chance of the third party to have any chance in future

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