Electoral System Advantages

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The vote of the citizens is the main basis of any electoral system, as it allows them to express their preferences within votes, and all these accumulated end up becoming seats in the parliament. This whole process is regulated by the establishment of the districts’ distribution, the voting processes and the methods of conversion of the votes. We can affirm, then, that electoral systems are crucial for the formation process of the political will and the consequent transfer of power. If we want to issue a factual judgement about any electoral system and its effects regarding government formation, we need to measure the political interests, which we can evaluate using criteria based on the advantages and disadvantages that this system implies…show more content…
First of all, we must determine the size of each district and to know how many seats will belong to it. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the structure of voting, that is, if the citizens vote for individual candidates or for party lists. Moreover, the electoral form that governs the country in question must be clear: whether majority or proportional representation. The first of both is based on the "first-past-the-post", which means that the candidate who receives the largest number of votes in a district is given a seat in the Parliament, and analogously to the rest of the districts. In the proportional representation, however, the seats in a given district are awarded in proportion to vote share obtained; As Mirabeau defined, “proportional representation is a mirror of the nation whose purpose is to find its true voice” (Oeuvres Completes, 1834, vol. 1, p.7).
Deeper in the forms of government, the majoritarian representation can have adverse effects on the opposition side, banishing them out of the market if there exists an absolute dominant party. This fact is also reflected amongst the voters, as it
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Due to the fact that in this type of representation voters choose the party and not the individual, we can consider that it is a much more impersonal system, but at the same time facilitates the representation of all the interests and opinions at parliamentary level, thus preventing the constitution of parliamentary majorities. On the other hand, and thus going to the forms of the democratic nature of government, we can distinguish between two forms: parliamentarism and presidentialism. Both have a clear historical divergence, since the first was born through the monarchies and the second one was created within modern republics.
Parliamentarism is characterized by the fact that the only institution with legislative powers is the Parliament, which is constituted by a group of representatives elected by the population. This system gives also existence to a head of state, but his powers are very restricted and controlled by the legislative body. In addition, the government is created by parliamentary approval. On the other hand, in the presidentialism form of government, the presidential figure is the head of state and the head of government,

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