The U.S. was a time of Industrialization which meant it led to the rise of big businesses at the expense of the workers. Factory laborers faced long hours as, low wages, and unsanitary conditions. Capitalist were so busy trying to create profits for their own selfish needs that they did not care for the well-being of their workers. The large corporations only cared about protecting themselves by allying with political parties. Many people felt that all power rested with the politicians and businessmen, but the Progressives attempted to undo these problems caused by industrialization.
The cotton gin increased cotton productivity which increased profits for farmers. The increase in profits led to the demand for more slaves to help plant and harvest the cotton. The slaves were no longer needed in the removal of seeds from cotton but were needed in increase numbers for planting and harvesting. There was a direct correlation between the increase in cotton production and the increase in slave populations
The environment condition was bad with smokes surrounding them. The release of harmful gases into the air from factories pollutes the world 's air, doing harm to the environment, further leading to global warming. Then, though it did boost many job opportunities, the living condition of the workers during the industrialization were poor. Company towns owned by business were rented out to employees. The owners forced them to live in isolated communities near workshops and forced them to buy goods with high interests.
This of course created poor living and working conditions and health problems. The most serious pollution problem created by the steam locomotive was the carbon dioxide that was continuously emitted into the air by the steam engine. Other than pollution, other problems arose. With the coming of the locomotives, child labor came with it. Children worked for long hours very hard, had little time for breaks, and were stripped away from time with their families and deprived of their education.
The Industrial Revolution changed history. It changed many lives, because of the technology. How did the industrial revolution begin? England had many natural resources, they also had many people move to England to work, inventions from inventors made everything more easy and simple, it also produced many products. The natural resources that England had gave them an advantage.
They were, however, mistreated and many suffered injuries from the machines used for factory work. Workers didn 't have any rights. Factory owners took advantage of this and
Many laborers working under these company suffered due to the reduction of “the price of every labor connected with trade” (Doc 3). While these companies became wealthier, workers became poorer. For example, the laborers working in the Ohio railroad company barred train’s passage to rebel against their third pay cut. All forms of strikes and boycott emerged in the nation since no minimum wage was set. The workers risked their jobs to
Strikes were executed more by the industrial workers, but the farmers did have a few. Strikes were common during the Gilded Age because as industrialization increased, working conditions and labor requirements got worse. The industrial workers were having to work ten to twelve hours, five days a week at the least and not even being paid enough to compensate for their work. Barely scraping by with the amount of work the workers do for their company angered them, and prompted strikes. Some well-known strikes are the Pullman Strike and the Homestead Strike.
Huthmacher looked at these individuals as the first hand creators of the progressive reform movement. As Huthmacher states, “Unlike the middle-class reformers, who generally relied[...], and social scientists to delineate the ills of society, the urban working class knew at first hand the conditions of life on ‘the other side of the tracks’” (11). This is a main point that would stand out to the reader about Huthmacher’s interpretation because he contradicts the middle class reformers sources. The lower class lived the problems of the Progressive Era and, “Their outlook tended to be more practical and "possibilistic" than that of some middle-class Progressives who allowed their reform aspirations to soar to Utopian heights,[...]” (Joseph Huthmacher 11). One thing most of these reformers seeked was an increase in their workplaces.
The Agricultural Revolution had led to an increased food production and increased population overall in England (Beck). This resulted in people from the country side moving into the city to work for wages, which led to an increase in demand for products such as clothing. These items of clothing were made by the textile industry. The cottage system was responsible for this -The cottage system served as transition from rural to industrial economy, this system relied on wage labor and a market to buy and sell raw materials such as cotton and clothes- however this system could not keep up with the demand of the increasing population. Another factor that supports the theory as to why The Industrial Revolution took place in England and not another country was that Britain had an abundant amount of iron and coal resources which allowed for the making and powering of new machines such as the locomotive and steam-powered machinery used