‘A person’s intellectual make-up bears the clear imprint of the life of society as a whole’. To what extent does the language and structure in ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ and ‘Kindred’ reflect versions of masculinity? Both ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ and ‘Kindred’ explore the psychological destruction of misogyny within their civilisation. This is predominantly seen through the fact that the Republic of Gilead is so ubiquitous that the nation was instituted for the sole purpose of restoring a true theocratic patriarchy which parallels the social hierarchy also apparent in ‘Kindred’. Every aspect of society works not only to gain control over those of low social standing, but also show a significantly great amount of prejudice against women.
For this, the integration of interior and exterior voids on the site is aimed to realize the theory. Critical Regionalism of Frampton was thought as “architecture of resistance”, thus he demonstrated the inherent power of sites. Frampton used the recent interventions to constitute meaningful relations with the place. As stated by Kenneth Frampton (1983, p. 26), “The bulldozing of an irregular topography into a flat site is clearly a technocratic gesture which aspires to a condition of absolute placelessness, whereas the terracing of the same site to receive the stepped form of a building is an engagement in the act of ‘cultivating’ the site.” In this example, Frampton emphasizes the new architecture as the building of a site through construction and
Transgression therefore, in the context of the Iliad, and gender is the abandonment of your duties and ignoring society 's expectations of you and the people around you. Hector clearly abides by this expectation, however, a further investigation into Helen and Andromache 's behavior and its significance is required. Helen, at first, appears to abide by this social and gender order through her contempt for Paris and his cowardice in book 3, as Blundell argues she "attempts to shame men into action" 3 Helen tries to encourage Paris to fulfill his responsibility, "Why not go at once and challenge him again? "4 However, this is not Helen 's responsibility to ensure that Paris completes his task, as Hector states, "war is man 's business"5 This reveals that Helen 's actions are actually transgressive because they are outside of the social norm, in terms of gender, that are well established, this is emphasized by Maria C. Pantelia, "Their work
Burgess uses the setting of the 1960s to explore the order of society that imposed certain ideals on citizens and how people were stripped of their identity and morals. There is no doubt that both novels explore the demoralization of society through the perspective of narcissistic male narrators. The narcissistic nature of the central characters, Alex and Bateman are portrayed in their treatment of women, who they see merely as objects and nothing more, thus degrading them in society 's eyes. ‘A Clockwork Orange’ has been notably criticized for its presentation women; feminist critic Beverly Walker claims in A Clockwork Orange 'all of the women are portrayed as caricatures; the violence committed upon them is treated comically '. The representation of women in American Psycho is demonstrated in a similar way, with violent treatment of women being underlined with comic remarks, expressing the narcissistic nature of Bateman, but also his lack of morality.
Formal rationality forces order on modern society through rigid, quantifiable terms by means of decisions that are based on rules and regulations that are universal. Formal rationality has contributed to the rise of bureaucracy, which is able to closely direct and manipulate behaviour. Rationalization of society The rationalization of society is a concept that was created by Max Weber. Rationalization refers to the process by which modern society has increasingly become concerned with: Efficiency: achieving the maximum results with a minimum amount of effort Predictability: a desire to predict what will happen in the future Calculability: a concern with numerical data, i.e., statistics and
Its characteristics include manipulating and fragmenting the surface, the use of non-rectilinear shapes that distorts the conventional methods and mechanics of the structure and enclosure of a building. Deconstruction challenges all forms of traditional design by juxtaposing elements that contradict each other to challenge the conventional norms of harmony and continuity. Zaha is the epitome representation to capture the zeitgeist of deconstruction. Her designs are bold, organic, contemporary and innovative. These outburst in design are rooted back to her growing up in a
It is supported by the presence of limitation. The presence of limitation implies there will always be some weak points of the characters’ or magical elements’ power (Nikolajeva, 1988) Nikolajeva (1988) says that consistency is one of two main laws that build up an imaginary world. Its presence is important in order to maintain the physical nature of the secondary world so that it is comprehensible and logical (Nikolajeva, 1998; Wills, 2006). The consistency of the novel Howl’s Moving Castle is illustrated by the existence of rules that
It has become a pure geometrical expression, reflecting what the architect’s will at that moment. It carries connotation of being arbitrary and contrived. The danger of artistic thinking will delude architect into expression of their thinking through art and style. Whereby they have to account for the needs of human habitat. If their art includes metaphors of sustainability, then it must be sustainable; if it includes iconic expressions of a great city, then the city in question must be great indeed; and so on.1 However, it’s often we left the reality behind it and leadings to deluded thinking.
According to some commentators since about the late 1960s there has been a significant shift in Western thought and culture from ‘modernism’ to ‘post-modernism’. Whilst this shift is abroad and applies to different fields, In relation to cities and the environment, Modernists subscribes to a town planning thought in which simplicity, order, uniformity and tidiness are emphasised. In contrast post modernists subscribe to a school of thought in which complexity, diversity, difference, and pluralism are celebrated, Marion Young in Nigel Taylor (1999:336). According to Vicente del Rio, the modernist paradigm relied on centralized control and established a rigid model of what a city should be whilst the postmodern model incorporated different visions of quality in the construction of public spaces. Postmodernists claim that people’s experience of places, and from this the qualities of places, are much more diverse and ‘open’ than was implicit in many modernist schemes for improving the city and especially in the simplicities of modernist architectural schemes for the ideal future
The study is based on the assumption that literary style is paramount to literary communication and the meaning we derive out of a work of literature. Literary meaning cannot therefore be divorced from literary style. The purpose of the study is to examine how the style of masking communicates meaning in V.S. Naipaul’s collection of sketches, Miguel Street. The technique of masking is analyzed to show its aesthetic function in the text.