Ritual can affect families in a variety of ways. According to Dickstein, family rituals can help to explain the “…pragmatic, affective, and social interaction among family members…” (p. 441). Since ritual is such a key component of family culture, it is essential that social workers observe these behaviors in order to demonstrate cultural competency. According to the National Association of Social Worker (NASW) Code of Ethics, the social worker should “have a knowledge base of their clients’ cultures and be able to demonstrate competence in the provision of services …” (n.d.). Thus, in order for the social worker to understand culture, she must possess an awareness of rituals and traditions.
Family Systems Theory, also known as Bowen Family Systems Theory (BFST), is a commonly used theory that is implicated in social work practice, usually in working with family components. Family Systems Theory helps one to understand the relationships between a family unit based on each individual’s “role” in the family, or how the various roles in a family may impact the behaviors and attitudes of the person in focus. The theory presents how one relationship within the unit may disrupt or affect that of another in the unit, and that you cannot look solely at the individual when assessing and intervening with clients. Family Systems theory explains how potent relational forces ensure survival and facilitate less anxious physiological states
Family counseling draws on systems thinking in its perspective of the family as an emotional unit. When systems thinking, which assesses the portions of a system in relation to the whole, is related to families, it proposes behavior is both informed by and indivisible from the performance of a client’s family of origin. Families facing a struggle within the family unit and looking for professional help to address the problems may find family counseling a helpful approach. Within family counseling there are four family system approaches: systems, structural, strategic, and communications. Family System Aprroach Family counseling centers on, and is best defined as, the family and its members’ interactions and relations (Henderson & Thompson, 2018).
Ruddick (1989) describes mothering as a social discipline involving unconditional attachment and attentiveness as well as certain reflections, judgments and emotions that require thinking. Mothering involves transformation, adaptation and sacrifice while continually struggling with autonomy, boundaries and sense of self (Ruddick 1994). Subsequently the prevailing media images of women often support adherence to patriarchal notions of femininity (Lowe 2003). Pivotal to how fathers negotiate this gap are the meanings that individuals attach to particular roles. These meanings derived from attached roles help to form identities (Henley and Pasley 2005), which in turn have the ability to direct behavior (Reicher 1984) particularly in those contexts where the identity is salient—in this case the family context.
From this scenario, I have learned about systems theory as well as other psychological theories such attachment theory. Firstly, based on my research on “Family Systems Theory “(Murray B.) family systems theory suggest that an individual, in this case, Sinead, cannot be understood as an individual alone but instead as part of a family as a family is an emotional unit. Families in every aspect are systems of interdependent and interrelated individuals that cannot be understood if a single person is isolated and examined. Each member in the family, has a specific role to play and a set of rules in which they must follow.
Family is the most agent of socialization in social class and cultural groups ( Brinkerhoft ,2011). It occurs when an individual reveals to one or more people some personal information through clarity. It requires of awareness of information about oneself. However, its pattern varies with each types of relationship (Oslon, 2000). According to Oslo; Family self-disclosure or uprightness is necessary for more interaction; reaction, sharing information, expressing feeling and to build intimacy.
These statements remind on the relationship between ritual behavior and adherence to the social order, which was emphasized by Emile Durkheim (1965) in his theory of social solidarity. In a similar way, the answers combine community and ritual (secular and religious): They explain how common rituals in family or peer group integrate religious and secular aspects of cultural identity as a kind of “collective conscience” (Durkheim, 1965) that provides individuals with meaning and binds them into a community. Thus, rituals provide a focal point for emotional processes and generate symbols of group membership. They help people to experience a shared sense of exaltation and group transcendence. Depending on its fundamentally spontaneous, and emotional
Both families have unique characteristic thus making them defer from one and another. They have a tendency to have noteworthy differentiation between them and these distinctions can shape the nature of the difficulties that may be confronted between these two types of family. We can compare the two families in terms of how they communicate, the bond they have between each other, and also the amount of trust they have among the family members. Family communication refers to the way verbal and non-verbal information is exchanged between family members (Epstein, Bishop, Ryan, Miller, & Keitner, (1993). Communication within the family is extremely important because it enables members to express their needs, wants, and concerns to each other.
One of the noteworthy factors that should be focused upon in order to gain insight into why people commit injustice to others or engage in pro social behaviour is “Morality”. Morality is internalised by children at a very early age and one of the factors that facilitate the internalization of moral standards is the socialization techniques utilised by their parents. Socialization is the process through which individuals acquire skills needed to function within their social group through the assistance of others, most notably their parents (Grusec, 2002). Through socialization, the individual internalizes societal norms signs and values.One of the key focus areas of socialization practices employed by parents are the internalization of morality in children. Traditionally morality has been conceived of as “a set of general and decontextualized principles, which orient both individuals’ own conduct and the interpretation of others’ conduct” (Sterponi, 2003).
With the help of free and meandering discussion strategy the personality characteristics, attitude, prejudices, feelings and the likes can be disclosed which in turn would provide the psychoanalyst the necessary awareness into the personal and social influences which resolve the buying behaviour. Traditions, cultural sub groups, and communal sects are predominantly imperative drives on customer purchasing nature. An individual’s desires and attitude is determined by the culture which is the basic disadvantage of humanity. A child obtains values, perceptions, preferences and behaviours with the association of its family and other essential establishments. Besides cultural factors, social factors like reference groups and family, social roles and statuses have an effect on customer’s purchasing behaviour.