The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a US federal law was establishes to protect the employees from discrimination in the workplace, especially when they are applying for a job. It is unlawful for an individual to be fired in his or her job or even refuse to be hired due to his or her race, gender, sexuality, race, color, religion as well as nationality. More than that, the Supreme Court of the United States upheld this Act as a valid exercise of the Congressional power. This Act is an example of rule of law as it prohibits the private discrimination in the public areas. In fact, as a rule of law it measures the protection of individual’s base from the fundamentals of the human rights.
Yes, Mr. Polk and others should be able to wear their hair in a fashion that is tolerant to their beliefs. Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Mr. Polk cannot be discriminated against due to his religious beliefs, Civil Rights Act of 1964, Pub.L. 88-352, 78 Stat. 241 (1964). The law continues to read that employers must allow their employees freedom to engage in religious expression so long as it does not imposed undue hardship on the employer.
In The Universal Declaration of Human Rights it states in article two that regardless of the government, everyone is entitled to the same law and shouldn’t be discriminated by gender or race. The Letter from a Birmingham Jail written by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Dr. King expresses his feelings about racism using pathos and how everyone is suffering from this issue in society. On the other hand, Malala also uses pathos in her speech to the United Nation about women’s rights towards education and how their rights are taken away because of their gender. Though these two extremists are fighting for different reasons, they connect to each other because they both believe in equality and have a desire to make a difference in many parts of the world. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that despite the government, everyone is entitled to the same law and shouldn’t be discriminated based on race.
The law on discrimination against age states that an employer, company or the one a staff administrator cannot dismiss workers who have achieved the age of over forty years merely because of age or decreased productivity. The employer should subject the older individuals to fair and equal interviews and assessments just like the rest of the staff (McKay, 2017). The gender discrimination law was enacted to ensure that employment opportunities are not restricted to sex. For example, no job opportunity should be limited to men or women. All individuals should enjoy equal employment opportunity regardless of their
Two specific examples of federal laws rulings that were victories in the equality movements were President Johnson Voting Rights Act in 1965 prohibiting racial discrimination in voting. It was aimed to overcome legal barriers preventing African American from exercising their right to vote under the 15th Amendment in 1870. Various discriminatory practices were used to prevent African Americans to exercises their right to vote especially in the South mean African Americans were mistreated violently attacked when trying to vote. The voting act banned the use of literacy testing and made poll taxing illegal. This law gave legal law means to challenge voting restrictions.
Judi Herren GOV-140 American Government and Politics 9/30/15 J. Christopher Woolard, Ph.D. Civil Rights and Civil Liberties; Obergefell v. Hodges “By a 5-4 majority, the Supreme Court determined that a state can’t prohibit same-sex marriages and must also recognize valid out-of-state same-sex marriages, as both are protected under the due process and equal protection clauses of the fourteenth amendment.” (Karibjanian, 2015, p 34) In this landmark Supreme Court case, Obergefell v. Hodges, granted same sex couples the fundamental right to marry in any state and all other states now have to recognize that as a legal marriage. As a result of this Supreme Court ruling it has raised many questions pertaining to the violation of civil liberties.
“Federalists argued that the Constitution did not need a bill of rights, because the people and the states kept any powers not given to the federal government.” (http://www.billofrightsinstitute.org/founding-documents/bill-of-rights/). This quote means that anything the federal government does not control, the states would control. An example of this would be the Tenth Amendment, which is anything that is not controlled by the federal government went to the control of the state. The southern states pre-civil war favored this amendment because it gave them the control they wanted over slavery. The concept of slavery being taken away as a right led to the Southern states seceding, becoming a “country” of their own.
The government has a responsibility to care for its citizens, but since African Americans weren’t citizens, they were not protected under the law. The Fourteenth Amendment states “All persons born or naturalized in the United States . . . are citizens of the United States.” This meant that all people born in the United States, including African Americans, would now be citizens and protected under the law, hence promoting their general welfare.
Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, businesses have a right to provide a work environment that protects employees from sexual harassment. In addition, even though federal law, Title VII is known predominantly for prohibiting workplace discrimination and harassment on the basis of an individual’s race, religion, color, national origin and sex; however, over the years, Title VII extended to include sexual discrimination such as sexual harassment. In view of that, managerial employees and supervisors should take immediate action when complaints of sexual harassment are brought to their attention so as to prevent further harassment and other preventable actions such as physical force to address unwelcomed sexual attention. Furthermore,
The Age Discrimination Act is a federal law that prohibits age discrimination. It was signed into law in 1967 by Lyndon B. Johnson. The Purpose of the Act is to promote the employment of older worker ages 40 or older, prevent discrimination, and as well help find a solution to the problems associated with the aging workforce. Since its inception, the Age Discrimination Act has prohibited employment discrimination against individuals 40 and older, and that prohibition has limited the rights of person protected by these laws. Initially, the Age Discrimination Act was created to protect individuals 40 to 70; however, in 1986, Congress remove the upper the upper age limit In 1990, the Act was amended again by the Older Workers benefit
If the plaintiff shares characteristics of a group and this group is a discrete and insular minority; with an immutable characteristic; and a history of suffering discrimination, to prevent the discrimination the Strict Scrutiny is used by the Court. The Strict Scrutiny test ask whether the federal or state government has a compelling interest in treating the class differently, and the law has been narrowly tailored to achieve that interest without unfairly intruding on the rights of the members of the suspect class. The reason why the most strength standard of judicial review is used in here is since the beginning of the history of the U.S. race, nationality, ethnicity and religion are the areas which most people are discriminated because of being different from the
Human life is vibrant, yet so frail and so fertile yet so poisonous. When President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 he did this thinking about the American and non- American public. He approved this law to prohibit discrimination, create integration and bring equality to the citizens of America. Although we may not think about it during our day to day life it is thanks to documents like these that we are able to live in a society that can expand and be improved if the community as a whole works towards that. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 specifically address the issues of voting rights, public accommodations, the desegregation of schools, funding programs that are nondiscriminatory and so on.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is an anti-discriminatory federal law that prohibits employers to discriminate against their employees on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, and religion. Title VII was later amended several times throughout the years to encompass other statutes such as the Age Discrimination in Employment Act and the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, which provides protection from employment discrimination on the basis of age and pregnancy status. (For the purpose of this paper, I will focus on Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to restrain from being too broad). Unlike the Equal Pay Act of 1963, which only prohibits wage discrimination on the basis of sex, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 provides a
Constitution place on state’s power to determine voter qualifications? Those limitations start with the Voting Rights Act of 1965. This act prohibits racial discrimination when voting in the local, state, and federal levels. “Section 2, which closely followed the language of the 15th amendment, applied a nationwide prohibition of the denial or abridgment of the right to vote on account of race or color” (ourdocuments.gov). Not since the reconstruction period after the civil war had there been such a “significant statutory change in the relationship between the Federal and state governments” (ourdocuments.gov).