As the needs of indentured servants increased, the owners believed they were not obliged to commit to the request of their servant. As a result, owners found that buying African Americans into slavery would suffice their working needs. It turned out that African Americans bought into slavery worked harder, which caused higher production rates. Slaves were also renewable and cheap to buy, so if one passed away, owners would just buy another one from the market and continue on with their production. Also as adults died their kids would also take their place as well because the children of slaves were also enslaved, so when they old enough to do and learn the basics of slave labor they would be put to work too.
The attitudes towards whites differs between slaves who had been captured and brought from Africa to those born in America because native Africans had hatred towards the whites and had no value towards them. The slaves born in America saw whites as superiors and saw them with great value. Africans born in America saw whites as their saviors and their
Their had to be a way to help the slaves escape their suffering! The Quaker abolitionists and other religious groups formed a network of routes to help slaves escape from the southern states. It was harriet tubman who had a primary role in organizing a network which became known as the Underground Railroad.The Underground Railroad was a rebellion. The rebellion of the Underground railroad was created by a group of abolitionists whose purpose for this new system was to help slaves escape slavery and find freedom in Canada of the northern free states. The people who helped create this system was a group of abolitionists.
Native Americans lost most of their land to the Europeans, causing them to be left in distress from the violence and environmental damage. However, before there were black slaves, Europeans would have white indentured servants do their labor. When the indentured servant's inaugurated a rebellion (Bacon's Rebellion), Europeans turned to the black. Slaves became apart of the trade, coming from Africa to America by the Europeans. "Black slaves were the answer.
England was very prominent in establishing social classes that emphasized attaining as much wealth as possible. This would maintain their high social class and to highly represent themselves. Consequently, the captains would reveal their socialist behaviours by controlling the voyages in inhumane ways. According to Thomas Clarkson’s Essay on the Slave Trade, it is described that the slaves had “complain[ed] of heat” (1789) and that the sailor who worked on the ship had “seen them fainting, almost dying for want of water” (1789). The captains of the ship completely disregarded the rights of the slaves as they were treated as “black cattle” (James Irving, letter to Mary Irving 1786) and that the “kings and principal men bred Negroes for sale as [they] [did] cattle” (Alexander Falcolnbridge, An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa 1790).
Although slaves were forced into a life they did not ask for they still managed to produce their own culture and make their lives better through religion, music, language, family relations, and even freedom movements. After being brought from Africa many slaves were forced to convert to Christianity by their new masters. Through this process, slaves were able to make the religion their own by incorporating their own culture into it. Their form of Christianity involved voodooism and traditions found in their original polytheistic religions. This religion was deeply important to them, and they took great passion in it; it gave them the hope that one day they could be free (Brinkley 268).
The African – American 's Assimilation into White America America is often considered the land of opportunities, a place where people can have a fresh start, a clean slate. America is a land that is made up of immigrants. Over the centuries America has been a place where people dream to live in, however the American dream wasn 't as perfect as believed; there were issues of race inferiority, slavery and social inequality amongst other problems. When a person arrives into a new society he has a difficult task ahead of him- to assimilate into that new society- which includes the economical, cultural, political and social aspects. In the following paper I will discuss how the African American, who came as slaves to America, has fought over the centuries to achieve equality in a white society that discriminated them.
One such slave was Harriet Tubman. Harriet Tubman was One of the most well-known conductors of the Underground Railroad. She rescued over 300 slaves over the course of eleven years. Tubman was born a slave in the early 1820’s, originally named Araminta Harriet Ross until after marriage. When she was a slave, she endured the inhumanity of repeated lashings and beatings.
“Harriet Tubman is perhaps the most well-known of all the Underground Railroad "conductors"(“People and events, Harriet Tubman”). During a ten-year span she made 19 trips into the South and escorted over 300 slaves to freedom. And, as she once proudly pointed out to Frederick Douglass, in all of her journeys she "never lost a single passenger"”(“People and events, Harriet Tubman”). Harriet was also a nurse and a spy during the American Civil War(“Harriet Tubman summary”). “Harriet Tubman led Colonel James Montgomery and his 2nd South Carolina regiment, composed of freed black men, up the Combahee River in South Carolina’s southern Low Country”(“Harriet Tubman summary”).
The southern America needed slaves to work on large farm dealing with rice, tobacco, indigo, cotton, and sugar cane. Slaves in the North America region worked on small farms and those who didn’t have skills worked in factories and along the coast as fishermen, ship builders, craftsmen, and helpers. In 1750, there were about 200,000 slaves on the American soil; it grew so fast that fifty year later it quadruple it to 800,000. The African slaves that became a part of half of the population in the states of Maryland and Virginia outnumbered the south Caroline population. The population of the free black Americans expanded up to 40,000 throughout the colonies by 1700.