The wives and commanders can be seen as the Brahmins, the maids and angels represent the Kshartyia in the Indian society, the handmaids and guardians are the equivalent of the Indian Viasya caste, and finally the econowives and econohusbans are the untouchables of the society. In The Handmaid’s Tale, like in the caste system of India, each caste is treated differently and worse and worse as it goes down the list. The divisions of the society are easily noticeable by what each color the class of society is forced to wear. In the novel, the wives wear blue, the handmaids wear red, the husbands wear black and so on. Another novel that shows an aspect of the Indian Caste system is A Brave New World.
The caste system in India affects not only the stratification of people in the society it also affects them economically. Dalits or the so called ‘untouchables’ are at the bottom of the social pecking order while the Brahmins are supposed to be at the top of this social order. Due to their position in the social hierarchy the Dalits have been a target of social discrimination. There are considered unworthy and have limited means of earning their livelihood, hence they are forced to do menial jobs to earn a living, they are given work that is considered disreputable and discreditable by the so called Upper Caste. Due to their position in social hierarchy they have to undergo many forms of social and communal bias.
No one can replace the ruler is a traditional opinion in ancient Indian’s brain. It decrease the number of people which want to rebel. Everyone is ruler’s follower because of Caste system and it’s really easy for king to control one country of follower. (What is India 's caste system?, by BBC NEWS, 25 February 2016)The caste system is based on birth. It told people must to do their own level’s job and everything was control before the man’s birthing.
 Theory of Alienation in Contemporary India Alienation in India still exists and the best example of alienation in India is the Tribal Community - India is the home to substantial number of indigenous individuals, who are as yet untouched by the way of life of the cutting edge world. With more than 84.4 million, India has the biggest populace of the tribal individuals on the planet. These tribal individuals otherwise called the adivasi's are the poorest in the nation, who are as yet reliant on frequenting , agribusiness and angling. A portion of the major tribal groups in India incorporate Gonds, Santhals, Khasis, Angamis, Bhils, Bhutias and Great Andamanese. All these tribal individuals have their own particular culture, convention, dialect and way of life.
Introduction Almost every society in the world has a form of social classification or division. In India, the most prominent division is the caste system. The caste system is mainly associated with Hindus but many social scientists claim that this system exists in other religions within different parts of India. There are two parts to the caste system. The first are Varnas and the second are Jatis.
For thousands of years, the Indian society has been strictly segregated and stratified by its social structure, otherwise known as the caste system. The caste system precedes history; however, it is believed that the idea of the caste system began after the Indus Valley civilization disappeared, and was supposedly brought by the Aryans, who were nomads from Northern Asia and Southern Europe. Caste members only interacted with those of their class, and rarely mixed with others of different castes. Rules defined how to behave within a caste or in the presence of other castes. The 5 castes are classified according to wealth, privilege, and social status, and determine your future and who you were to marry.
The intrusion of upper castes led to the loss of whatever little land they previously held. They were turned into sharecroppers, and placed in a distinctly lower socio-economic bracket. The higher class of the Rajbansis called themselves the ‘twice born caste’ and created myths about Kshatriya lineage in the hopes of attaining equal status in the society. Swaraj Basu further opines that the movement, organized by the aforementioned ‘articulate’ sections was not against the caste system itself, but aimed towards obtaining the social standing of the upper castes. Their efforts towards Kshatriyaization included the establishment of the Kshatriya committee and developing ties with the Bharatiya Kshatriya Mahasabha.
This system of castes has existed in India since the Vedic times, but at that time, the system was known to be a peaceful one in the sense that, even though people were classified into different occupations based on their caste, there was no known discrimination as to one being better or more privileged than the other. Very often, the word ‘caste’ and its meaning are confused with the term ‘varna’. What a lot of people do not know is that the word ‘caste’ in India refers to two concepts – ‘varna’ and ‘jati’. So, varnas are actually just a sub-part of caste, which consist of four (now, five) different social classes, namely the Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, Shudras, and the Dalits (or untouchables); and there are many thousands of Jatis which exist within the varnas. Another thing to keep in mind about castes and the caste system is that these castes are not chosen by the people, rather, the people are born into these castes which in turn, define their position in the society.
In India mainly the customs and traditions play an important role in the fulfilment of rights. In India mainly the women do not take full advantage of their constitutional rights prescribed to them due to lack of knowledge and illiteracy amongst women. In India, there are several customs and traditions which are followed strictly and are important part of Indian culture. The main culture of this patriarchal society is that all the male members of the family, father, husband are the heads of the family. The female gender is subjugated on every path, they are not given the equal rights they deserve.
The continuation of age-old social institution or caste system in India is profoundly engrained in the mindset of the Hindu upper class in our society. This system is based on social classification. Despite several attempts at social and political levels, we could not have rejected those social perceptions and attitudes towards ‘untouchables’ defined by caste based social system even after independence from British rule. Question arises, why is it so? What are the responsible factors for it?