Productive agricultural economies supported the development of the world’s first complex societies, in which sizable numbers of people lived in cities and extended their political social, economic, and cultural influences over large regions. Because of new advancements and the creation of new cultures, Egypt and Mesopotamia have differences between them . Mesopotamia and Egypt were were both once complex societies created centuries ago. However, there is a differentiation between factors such as society, economy, political, military factors in this case for an example Egypt has differed with their political infrastructure by having one supreme ruler (a Pharaoh) who has authority amongst the land and inhabitants of Egypt, rather than in Mesopotamia
A majority of Babylonian life revolved around agriculture because its geographic location, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, gave them a lot of fertile land. The key to wealth in the Babylonian Empire was through trade. Merchants were supported and great trading centers were built in the empire, so that the king would be able to gain wealth by taxing the foreign merchants (Bible History). Babylonians greatly succeeded in trade because of their agricultural surplus (Albright, Paragraph 23). They had more produce and access to goods that were scarce in other areas around them, so they had an advantage in trade.
Many of these jobs were influential in the order of social class structure, which was very similar in both Nubia and Phoenicia. Both Phoenicia and Nubia had either Kings or Pharaohs on the top of society, followed by people of more influence such as priests and warriors, which were higher than the working class. The one difference Phoenicia had in their social structure was that many times, influential merchants would take the place of a king by controlling trade. Many times, Nubia was taken over by Egypt, which left Nubians at the bottom of the Egyptian social
Fundamental differences in the structure of the Sumerian and Egyptian political systems impacted the political unity of these two kingdoms. The political rule of Sumerian city-states started with religious households gaining power.1 As time progressed however, the the institution of a kingship developed, necessitating a shared power relationship or religio-political structure.2 The king controlled the military authority and inter-city relationships.3 Whereas, the religious officials (high priests) had authority over the economic and social interests of the citizens. This led to overlapping power which resulted in the king and religious officials competing with each other’s authority.4 In short, there was a constant struggle for power. By contrast, Egypt had an inherently unified system characterized by the divine monarchy of the Pharaoh. The Pharaoh was the sole ruler of Egypt and had absolute power of all of the citizens within.
Ancient Egypt was a complex civilization because it had all of the important indicators for a complex society. Indicators started with the hunting and gathering. Then they started settling on river valleys such as the Nile because it was fertile farming land. They begin to farm. This made the population go up because they were selling more goods.
The manufacturers were faced with maintaining a high crop yield, but luckily the Caribbean islands provided an ideal location for growing cane sugar. Once plantations were constructed yet another issue confronted the owners, cheap labor. For the plantations to produce large enough quantities of sugar to fulfill the demand, many slaves were necessary; thus, a successful slave industry arose with the aid of these wealthy entrepreneurs who hoped to own successful plantations. The absentee owners in England, Spain, and France became increasingly wealthy as the demand and industry for sugar
The two tribes or empires shared multiple things, including the rank which was decided by wealth and also the peasants were usually at the bottom and the kings sat at the top of the social class. The thing that the Mayan culture did differently was that they mainly had to start this social class was because many people began to get wealthy through the amount of money that was made from farming and trading with other tribes. The Egyptians believed that through their religious faith that the Pharaoh was always on the top of the ranking since he could supposedly “talk to the Gods”. From there he would be able to decide the rest of the social
Nobi were considered even more important than land to the yangban. Like slaves, the amount of nobi the yangban owned showed how powerful and rich they were. The nobi would then help to make the owner even wealthier and able to gain even more nobi. Since the nobi were so important, it often created controversy on how they were inherited. The rules for this were often changed and it was usually not in favor of the nobi.
One of the main themes of Worlds Together Worlds Apart is no matter what culture a group of people is a part of each community has the goal of expanding their wealth through trade. This desire for wealth and exotic goods has led multiple civilizations to carry out atrocities against other people just to satisfy their lust for riches. One of the most common ways dominant civilizations would oppress the unfortunate was through slavery. As populations grew from the late sixteenth to the nineteenth century demand for more goods increased which meant there needed to be more cheap labor. This cheap labor was found in Africa and resulted in the transportation of around 12 million Africans from their home land to the Americas.
These leaders enforced justice, were wealthy and elite. During China’s first Dynasty, the Xia Dynasty, around 16th Century B.C, when farmers wanted to be united and not fight with each other for their produce, they reached out to wealthier people who owned gold and silver and asked them to be their “leader”. They called these leaders royalty. These leaders who were far more “superior” and powerful than them, referred the people as “commoners”. The Tang Dynasty was full of power hungry leaders.
The solution, slaves. The more slaves the more sugar that could be produced was the idea that most plantation owners had. These slaves were owned by wealthy British men. The rich men had enough money to buy lots of slaves and produce lots of sugar. This brings back the main idea because none of the sugar could have been produced without any of the labor.
In the earlier times the Israelites lived in Egypt and were explained to be a fruitful and multiplied people. Under the law of Egypt’s king, the Israelites had permission to live in Egypt and work the land. However, the King felt as if the Isralites were a threat to his reign because there were so many of them, so he dicided to deal with them “shrewdly” (Exod. 1:10). Therefore Pharaoh assigned them degrading work in harmful envirnments and began to control their population growth.
Yeoman farmers tended to have more slaves. The landowners became wealthy due to the small amount of money needed to grow a high yield and high-profit product. The only investment the owner may have invested in was a better way to harvest and grow cotton. While the north had many different positions for employment. So many different types of trades were needed for this diverse section of the country.
Because of that, northern colonies were more democratic and egalitarian than the one’s in the south. The south colonies were influenced by the dream of achieving great wealth and their economy and government were focused on that exact motive. Agriculture dominated the south with its ability to produce exceptional wealth for plantation owners. However, they were in need of labor and so they “made all men their slaves in hopes of recompenses.” (Doc. F) Many Englishmen brought over indentured servants from Europe who served as the foundation of the labor force for plantations.
Besides being religiously involved, he is also responsible for the government, army, and justice of the kingdom. We believe that he is responsible for the Nile’s flow, sun rise, etc. Famous pharaohs are Tutankhamun and Cleopatra. This government system is better than others because it easier to obtain control, laws or orders are applied more quickly, and social reform can be created more efficiently. Religion Ancient Egyptians are polytheistic, which means that we believe in many gods and goddesses.