There are several specific traits that many leaders have in common, and those traits are considered as essentials for leaders. According to the great man theory, leaders are born, not made, and this theory became the fundamental of trait based theory. The limitation of trait based theory is not all situations require the same types of traits. Add to this, categorizing traits is not easy since there are hundreds of traits exist. Right before Queen Elizabeth II decided to go back to London, and fly the flag at the Buckingham palace, Queen Mother Elizabeth took a walk with her daughter, and taught her never forget her dignity and authority as the mother of the nation.
The English Queen Elizabeth’s reign was full of challenges. Not only did she have to unify a religiously divided kingdom, but she also had to protect herself from the assassination attempts encouraged by the Pope. The Spanish Armada undertook such an attempt in 1588. She recruited an army full of people against her because she was a woman, she was illegitimate, she was protestant and she was not married. However, she needed them to protect her and her protestant realm.
For a time she ruled France as its regent and her shrewdness as a leader and her preference towards her sons over everything came into limelight. Her sons reigned at a time when France was constantly under civil and religious wars. The problems facing the monarchy were complex and daunting but Catherine kept the monarchy and the state institutions functioning even at a minimum level. She was criticized though for her hard-line policies against the rebellious Protestants or Huguenots in particular for the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre of 1572. But some historians declare that is unfair that she alone be blamed for that and she did it to protect her son.
King Edward VI did away with all the catholic statues, stained glass in the churches and introduce the common book of prayer. After King Edward died at age 15, his half sister, how was a diehard catholic, mary, took the throne (Life in Elizabethan days: 148). When Mary took throne, she was devoted to restoring catholicism in England(Life in Elizabethan days: 148). Mary burned over 300 protestant heretics and heresy, she also believed anyone believing or practicing any religion other than the one recognized by the crown was related to treason. After Mary, her sister Elizabeth took throne.
One of the most influential books ever written, Uncle Tom’s Cabin was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in order to advance the anti-slavery cause in the antebellum USA and to try to persuade her compatriots by appealing to their God-given sense of morality, thus interconnecting religious beliefs with abolitionist attitudes. In her preface to the 2003 edition of the book, Amanda Claybaugh points out to the fact that the novel is indebted to the many varied Beecher family projects, the background providing her with a firm foundation and faith in context of the social implications of Christianity. The father 's battle for the soul of the nation, the brothers ' Christian ministries, one sister 's advocacy for women and slaves, another 's celebration
She reversed the Protestant reform progress and threw out all previous reforms, executed or exiled many Protestants for heresy, and gave the pope his authority back. Once Mary died though, Elizbeth took the throne and, to maintain the Protestants support, reinstated the Act of supremacy and reintroduced the Book of Common Prayer. She did try to gain Catholic’s support as well but by the end of her reign, Catholicism was against the law. Being a priest was even considered a crime that led to many accusations of treason. It was under Elizabeth’s rule that Protestantism was able to
The Renaissance’s attitude towards gender and sexuality was completely different from that of the Middle Ages, which considered women as dangerous sexual creatures. "For the first time in Western history," for example, "men stressed the fact that females should be educated. The Platonic orientation in humanist thought may have spurred them to do so" (Bell, 182). (mohja)Actually, the primary purpose behind the call for women’s education was not to heighten her position in society, or to “overturn her subordinate domestic role”, but to make her a better wife and mother. Indeed, it was only the high rank women who were allowed to be educated*.
In the year 1913, Emmeline Pankhurst went to Hartford, Connecticut to deliver a speech to American women, invigorating them to support the suffragettes’ cause in England. Before one can understand the speech, one must know the historical context that landed Pankhurst in Connecticut. When feminism was becoming more common in Europe after World War I, many judged feminists harshly, describing them as a “shrieking sisterhood” and manly, neglecting their duties at home. The negative feedback made many women negligent to describe themselves as feminists(“Feminism in
Roman Catholics in the 16th century defended their faith against the Protestant Reformation. Catholics fought back against critics by excommunication, killing, wars concerning religion began due to the feeling of being threatened and some Catholic women reformed convents through four basic principles. The condition of the church in late 15th century and early 16th century, was full of clerical ignorance, simony and other signs of disorder.He wrote the 95 Theses describing the condition of the church and what he stood against. This propelled the church to act defend their faith through a trial counsel called the Diet of Worms who excommunicated Martin Luther. The accredited person for starting Protestantism was Martin Luther who when excommunicated acquired more followers.
The Catholics did not accept Elizabeth as the queen of England because she was not a legitimate child due to the fact that Henry VIII did not really divorce his first wife. Elizabeth had two significant points: One of them it didn’t really matter to her what gender she was. Second, she would not take anyone’s advice but listen to her Privy Council’s advice. Throughout her reign, Elizabeth decreased the amount of money that the crown spent on its own wardrobe and [new sentence] also travelled to meet with others. Elizabeth did not marry but succeeded in winning the support of people [how did she win the support of the people?]
Angered by the Bible’s statements about women serving men, she wrote “The Woman’s Bible”. (7) This book challenged the biblical scripture from a woman’s standpoint. Stanton had to be very confident about her viewpoints to be daring enough to publish this story, considering the large amount of Christians who could be upset because she was
During the Tudor dynasty a diverse range of conflicts and rebellions occurred. After Henry VIII breached with Rome in 1533 the threat of religion increased leading to multiple revolts. This resulted Elizabeth, the last monarch of the Tudors, left to overcome various problems which threatened the Queen such as; the religious issues caused by the Spanish Armada linking with the rebellions she had to also overcome, the Northern Rebellion, and finally foreign policy, threatened by the Anglo Spanish relations causing great threats for the Virgin Queen. However, Elizabeth did overcome religious threats by the end of her reign, despite the unstable country she was left in by her rebellious sister Mary, her father Henry VIII and grandfather Henry VII,
It was known by the government that the best way to persuade women into aiding the war effort was to appeal to their emotions; women were angry that their loved ones were forced to go off to war to partake in a fight that was believed America had no need to be in. Yet, women were expected to set aside their personal beliefs to insure that America could still make further advancements without its men. However, women still complied because they knew the responsibility laid with them to keep the nation running. Still, much of propaganda had a purpose to motivate women to lend a helping hand in the war. As Susan Mathis said, “The patriotic appeal had two aspects… ‘do your part’... ‘a soldier may die if you don’t do your part’...” (Mathis).
He refused to accept that men were superior to women. For that matter, she was able to attend a cloister through many connections. Her achievement and ambition to support education and independence for women was highly influential that the Pope Benedict XVI mentioned her in a speech that represented Hildegard as