The family motif in Frankenstein symbolizes how the absence of love and affection can negatively impact the characters. In the book, the monster was a target for loneliness and so it affected him negatively. For example, “Where were my friends . . .
Because the Monster was a hideous creation from Frankenstein, he was isolated and hated by his looks and behaved in an ethical manner when he began his path of vengeance. The Monster believes and mentioned several times that the reason that he is so angry is because of Victor. Shelley writes,
Beginning with Victor abandoning the creature at birth, the series of revenge and hatred-filled events begin to occur as both attempt to find justice and retribution. The creature stole the lives of everyone beloved by Victor, and Victor stole the monster’s chance at happiness by abandoning him. As the characters continuously harm each other, their isolation increases as well as their sanity. In the end, numerous family members perish, Victor Frankenstein dies of physical exhaustion, and the creature conveys his desire to
Discouraged and discontent, the monster gives up his quest to become acknowledged by humans. Finally, arguably the most important confrontation in the entire novel, Victor Frankenstein and his monster meet face to face and explain the causes of each other's suffering. The monster explains that it is simply his mere knowledge of his own existence that causes him great grief, "I am malicious because I am miserable. Am I not shunned and hated by all mankind? You, my creator, would tear me to pieces and triumph; remember that, and tell me why I should pity man more than he pities me?"
Once victor brings the creature to life, he immediately realizes the hideousness of what he has done: “Now that I had finished, the beauty of the dream vanished, and breathless horror and disgust filled my heart.” (Shelley 56). Furthermore, Victor struggles to cope with his creation throughout the novel. The creature wants to take revenge on Victor for abandoning him and causes Victor grief by killing the people he cares about. When the creature kills, Victor feels responsible and guilty of the murders. He continually breaks down with each death by “his” hands, which makes him go mad.
Gregor now realizes his father shows no sympathy towards Gregor and instead punishes him for something he has no control over. Gregor began to resent his father for throwing household items at him, squashing him like a bug. Even his beloved sister Grete began irritating Gregor by removing all of his belonging from his room, leaving him with nothing. The cruelty performed on Gregor by his own family sends him into a dark pit of despair. With nothing to live for he began to slowly end his life, making one final sacrifice for the ones he loves
The monster is spurned by society because of his horrific appearance, his body, alone and hated, unfit for the company of strangers, just as Frankenstein fears he is. He is miserable which makes the hatred grow, as he says, “all men hate the wretched; how then must I be hated, who am miserable beyond all living things!” In fact, this wretchedness and enforced isolation is the monster’s main character trait, parallel to the isolation being Frankenstein’s biggest fear. Now that Victor is in college, he does not have his family to fall back upon for affection. Repetitive The monster embodies this worry as well, as even the monster’s family “ you, [Frankenstein,] my creator, detest and spurn me, thy creature, to whom thou art bound by ties only dissoluble by the annihilation of one of us.” While Frankenstein still has his family to fall upon for affection, the monster does not. This adds another layer to Frankenstein's fear: the worry that he will lose the affection guaranteed to him by his family and be left with nothing confusing.
Victor falls ill with anxiety, and as a result of Victor’s neglect the monster begins to destroy his life. Even when the monster confronts Frankenstein, threatening that he “will glut the maw of death, until it be satiated with the blood of [Frankenstein’s] remaining friends, 102" Victor does not acknowledge the problem he has caused, the literal embodiment of his anxiety. He does not attempt to confront the monster head on or alleviate his loneliness, both a form of acknowledgement and thus a healthy way to respond to his fears. Instead, he once again pretends the monster doesn’t exist which only further enrages and empowers him. Once again, this mirrors the fact that when fears and anxiety go undealt with they will only grow and confirms that the monster is the embodiment of this
For instance, after the Mariners crew was taken from him because of his decision to kill the albatross he was forced to “look upon the rotting deck,” where all of his “dead men lay” (Coleridge 7). The Mariner is tortured by his isolation whenever he looks back at his mistakes. His choice to kill the albatross forced him into isolation which slowly eroded his will to live. Similar to the way the Mariner was tortured by his mistake, Victor is led to his demise after he “swears...to pursue the demon who caused this misery” (Frankenstein 193). Victors isolation corrupted his mind into thinking that the only path left to take was to hunt down his creation until it ended in his own or the creature’s death.
We follow Gene as he utterly destroys his own emotional life, annihilates everyone’s trust in him, and is forced to watch his best friend suffer and die because of his own perfidious actions. Gene is forced to watch as Phineas is buried but he could not do so much as cry. Gene paid the ultimate price for his crime—he had killed himself alongside his now lifeless rival, roommate, and best