One of reasons the confederacy failed was because the U.S. Congress, with Lincoln’s support, proposed the 13th amendment which would abolish slavery in America. Although the confederate peace delegation was unwilling to accept a future without slavery, the radical and moderate Republicans designed a way to takeover the reconstruction program. The Radical Republicans wanted full citizenship rights for African Americans and wanted to implement harsh reconstruction policies toward the south. The radical republican views made up the majority of the Congress and helped to pass the 14th amendment which guaranteed equality under the law for all citizens, and protected freedmen from presidential vetoes, southern state legislatures, and federal court decisions. In 1869, Congress passed the fifteenth amendment stating that no citizen can be denied the right to vote because of “race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” To destroy the confederacy and make the south rejoin the union, extreme legal measures such as passing amendments needed to be taken by the government to affirm Union’s power over the south.
At the end of the Civil War between the North and South arose the Reconstruction era. This was a time period of the late 1800s where the united states, specifically the North started to attempt the rebuilding of the South. Abolitionists were eager to see the end of slavery and Lincoln attempted to end slavery. President Lincoln attempted to put in place the Emancipation Proclamation which stated all slaves in confederate states would be free. This was to weaken the southern states; except, the confederate states did not obey.
Many of the social changes involved the South because the Union had been fighting for emancipation of slaves, so the social changes weren’t as drastic. Meanwhile, in the ex-confederacy, they were still fighting to keep slavery alive and still viewed blacks as property. Near the end of the Civil War, when it looked like confederates were losing anti-black groups started forming. In fact, in Harper’s Weekly in 1874, an image was featured and it depicted two people, one from the kkk and one from the white league, holding a banner that had black in fear and said worse than slavery. Their audience were those who agreed with emancipation, and more specifically blacks who had just been free.
The result was the issuing of the “Emancipation Proclamation.” Despite the fact that it merely freed the slaves in the states of the Confederacy where the Union had no power, leaving the institution of slavery untouched in the border states still loyal to the Union, satisfied the demands of blacks and abolitionists at least for the moment. The great value of the Proclamation, besides building support among blacks and abolitionists, was that it brought fear, chaotic despair and deprived the Confederacy of much of its valuable black laboring force. Another aspect of the Emancipation Proclamation was its effect in helping to promote the Draft Riots, which occurred throughout the North in 1863. In July of 1863 produced a violent four-day uprising in New York City in which as many as 100 people died.  White workers, who in the first place were fearful of the competition of blacks for almost non-existent jobs, were not increasingly angry at being drafted to fight a war (especially when the rich could buy their way out of having to serve) which would free more blacks to come north to compete for
On September 2nd, 1862, Abraham Lincoln famously signed the Emancipation Proclamation. After that, there’s been much debate on whether Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation truly played a role in freeing the slaves with many arguments opposing or favoring this issue. In Vincent Harding’s essay, The Blood-red Ironies of God, Harding argues in his thesis that Lincoln did not help to emancipate the slaves but that rather the slaves “self-emancipated” themselves through the war. On the opposition, Allen C Guelzo’s essay, Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America, argues in favor of the Emancipation Proclamation and Guelzo acknowledges Lincoln for the abolishment of slavery through the Emancipation Proclamation. Guelzo proposes in his essay that Lincoln intended on abolishing slavery and completed this by signing the Emancipation Proclamation, crediting the Emancipation Proclamation as the most revolutionary pronouncement ever signed by an American president.
Even as the war proceeded, he was reluctant to make the decision because he feared that it might bring about more chaos than the current state of the United States during the Civil War. In his paper, professor Krug wrote, “Lincoln issued the Proclamation primarily from military necessity and that he was influenced little, if at all, by considerations of justice, freedom and morality”. At this point of the war, it was clear that the Union needs more manpower and constituents’ support. Furthermore, a boost in morale among the African American population was abundant in the effort to fight against the Confederate which is the motivation for President Lincoln to produce the
The flag of the Confederacy was also another symbol of Southern Nationalism. “The Confederate government quickly became for the South, the successor to the federal government at Washington. A flag, the “ Stars and Bars,” was adopted for the new republic after a study by a committee that concluded that keeping the United States “Stars and Stripes” would be impractical and unpatriotic.” Southerners feared that white supremacy was in danger and feared slave rebellions. This was heightened by national events like John Brown’s Raid. This unified the South against the abolition of slavery
Abraham Lincoln is commonly praised for ending slavery with the Emancipation Proclamation, issued on September 22, 1862 and effective on January 1, 1863. However, despite the popularity of this belief, the Emancipation Proclamation did not free any slaves, nor did it simply signify Lincoln taking a noble stand against slavery. Lincoln himself proclaimed, "If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that" (Burton). The issuing of the Emancipation Proclamation was a calculated political and military strategy to preserve the Union that was secondarily able to offer a pathway to freedom for America 's enslaved. Upon reading the text of the Emancipation Proclamation, it becomes clear that the purpose of this document was not to abolish slavery in the United States-or at least this was not the immediate or primary goal.
Seward made the point that Slavery is only an intuition and can be removed from a state, and the state would remain, but if you remove freedom, it is no longer a state. He reminded everyone that there is an authority higher than the government, God, and that it was their responsibility to take care of everyone and all creation. William H. Seward closed his speech by stating that no free state would establish slavery, and if given the choice to go back no slave state would have established it. The Compromise of 1850 provoked various responses from different speakers, all agreeing the Union was in danger. The compromise was passed in order to protect United States from splintering, but it only delayed the war.
The Reconstruction period after the Civil War was characterized by a battle of ideas waged between President Andrew Johnson and the Radical Republicans in Congress. While Johnson was lenient toward the South and didn't value African American rights, Congress focused on protecting and expanding the rights of former slaves through the Civil Rights Act and an extension of the Freedmen's