To save the blacks from never getting equal rights Douglass, a father of the abolitionist society joined the fight of the civil rights fight for equal rights and in his cost Douglass escaped from slavery. Years passed with Covey beating him, until Frederick fought back, and soon he gave up. He knew Covey being faint would give him the chance to escape. He would soon end the civil rights movement. Frederick Douglass, known as the father of civil rights, was an abolitionist anti slavery writer who played a very big part in the civil rights movement of 1854 to 1868.
They did so by passing laws that helped protect those who used to be slaves, also known as “freedmen”, as well as to those who were already free before the war in the South. Although some African-Americans still faced some discrimination, the Reconstruction Era marked progress — African-Americans were even granted the right to vote. However, in the 1870s, with the help of rebel groups like the Ku Klux Klan and the White League, who intimated African-Americans from voting, the Democrats gradually regained power in the Southern states. These Southern Democrat governments, who were very angered by their defeat in the Civil War, and who held White supremacism beliefs, then scraped the freedmen protection laws and legislated Jim Crow laws, segregating the population in an attempt to disenfranchise and maltreat African-Americans. The segregation laws were named after the fictional blackface character Jim Crow played by Thomas Dartmouth
The flag originally was not a hate symbol. Some people see the flag as a symbol of hate, but others see it as a symbol of their heritage, and as well as a symbol of their ancestry. (www.mirror.co.uk.) “History is written by the victor. The North won the war, so they get to write the history of why the Civil War was fought, saying that all Southerners were racist slave owners, yet 90 % of Confederate soldiers did not own slaves, and there were some black Confederate soldiers.”( Josh white).
At first, most Republicans supported Johnson’s reconstruction policies. The goal was to restore the South and bring the states back to the Union. The new president would strive towards a speedy restoration of the states that seceded. It was as if they “had never truly ‘left’ the United States of America.” To start off, the new president had the former Confederate states acknowledge and ratify the Thirteenth Amendment, which officially abolished the institution of slavery. The end of slavery saw the rise of the Black Codes in the South.
The revolt forced the Virginia legislature to openly discuss the idea of emancipation, which is “the fact or process of being set free from legal, social, or political restrictions; liberation” according to the English dictionary. A much smaller portion of the southern population reached to the conclusion that Nat Turner’s rebellion signaled that slavery should be abolished. This led to a debate in Virginia, which unfortunately the white politicians of that time decided to be against freedom, equality, and emancipation. Instead, they opted for much harsher slave codes including rigorous restrictions and limits on the movement of black slaves, black congregations and the communication of black preachers toward other slaves. Nat Turner was a preacher so Floyd, which was the Governor at that time, and many other leaders believed that the best way to stop future revolts was to restrict black preachers who otherwise would had access and influence over a wide swath of the black populace.
The American Civil War that was started due to the controversy over slavery in 1861, was won by The Union supported by President Lincoln against the Confederate states. President Lincoln’s original goal during the civil war was to reunify the nation as quickly as possible and help both sides come to an understanding. After the Civil War ended in 1865, the newly formed United States’ reconstruction era began. The Reconstruction era was put into effect by the Congress in 1866 and lasted until 1877. The Union’s victory in the Civil War had given African Americans a new sense of hope, devastated the southern economy, and eased the history of disunity in American political life.
The flag of the Confederacy was also another symbol of Southern Nationalism. “The Confederate government quickly became for the South, the successor to the federal government at Washington. A flag, the “ Stars and Bars,” was adopted for the new republic after a study by a committee that concluded that keeping the United States “Stars and Stripes” would be impractical and unpatriotic.” Southerners feared that white supremacy was in danger and feared slave rebellions. This was heightened by national events like John Brown’s Raid. This unified the South against the abolition of slavery
During Abraham Lincoln’s campaigning for presidency, Lincoln expressed his contemporary view that he believed whites were superior to blacks, not as a race, but as a stigma that history had placed, especially amongst the 1858 debates with Stephen Douglas, so when Lincoln passed the Proclamation, he truly believed that he was doing the right thing. This gained the support from people in the Union and the Union as a whole, but ended up putting the Confederates at much more unrest. Even though all of this occured, the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation wasn’t given without some type of warning. Abraham Lincoln passed the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation on September 22nd, 1862. It stated that if the Southern states did not cease their rebellious acts by January 1st, 1863, then Proclamation would go into effect.
This policies including that the southern states could reestablish their government and it would be accepted if at least 10% of these states population swore to be loyal to the union. In addition to this they also had to abolish the 13 amendment that made it possible for the confederate states to have slaves. These policies were except but there were people such as Wade-Davis Bill who believed that these policies where too lenient and would not be effective. Therefore he proposed that we bump our 10%plan up to a 50%plan which would mean that half of theses state populations would have to swear loyalty to the union. However this plan was rejected and the 10% plan stayed in
Many people who studied the American Revolution would say that it was very contradictory because of reasons like the man who wrote the declaration of independence and said all men are created equal, yet he owned slaves. United States, before 1765 was ruled by England, however England enforced several acts for their favor, reason being that they used their finances in the French and Indian War in 1754. In order to compensate for their drained wealth. First the currency act happened, which was to limit the use of paper money in United States, to prevent English merchants being underpaid due to currency change. Then there was the Sugar act, which was to increase the tax on items coming to the United States from England, on items such as sugar, coffee, some wines, and much more.