Medication errors are the leading cause of patient injuries in hospitals today. These preventable mistakes lengthen hospital stays, increase inpatient expenses, and cause over seven thousand deaths
In addition to the substantial morbidity and mortality associated with Staphylococcus Aureus infection, the economic cost of Staphylococcus Aureus bacteraemia in this population is striking. (Engemann et al., 2005) According to Nissenson (2005) patients with end-stage renal disease and septicaemia caused by Staphylococcus Aureus had costly and lengthy hospitalisations, which frequently were associated with clinically and economically important complications, including hospital
Accidents such as HIPAA breaches, patient falls, MRI projectiles, overexposure, bruising patients, and personal exposure to gamma rays are all preventable “faux pas” that are more prevalent than one would think. All it takes is the radiographer paying as much attention as possible and being more aware of surroundings and situations. In the past five years, there have been at least two major HIPAA breaches in the United States that stem from radiology departments. One major breach, according to Erin McCann of HealthcareITNews, put 17,300 patients’ medical information at risk in March 2013.
( You, Aiken, Sloane, Liu, He, Hu,& et al. ,2013). Another studies revealed the effects of burnout on quality of nursing care. One study show that the higher the burnout level among critical care nurse the poor quality care provided which
“The Skeleton in the Hospital Closet” Critique In this article Charles E. Butterworth explains the issue of malnourished and starved patients in hospitals. Charles is convinced that iatrogenic malnutrition has become a significant factor in determining the outcome of illness for many patients. Patients are starved and malnourished because of hospital stays. Malnutrition is huge in major city hospitals.
Gynecological infections in human after childbirth and abortion[147-150], post-operative infections, and necrotizing soft tissue infections associated with heroin use[4, 151] can be attributable to infection with C. sordellii. Two toxins are a main responsible virulence factors of C. sordellii: hemorrhagic toxin (TcsH) and lethal toxin (TcsL)[152-155]. The mortality rate for patients with C. sordellii infection is 40-69%, and most patients die within days or even hours after the initial presentation. For that reason, premature diagnosis of C. sordellii infection is of main importance; the low prevalence of the illness and the fact that the initial symptoms are nonspecific make a precise diagnosis very difficult.
Patients who fall and sustain injury are reported to have incurred hospital charges of over US$4200, higher than those who do not fall (Bates et al., 1995). The costs incurred as a result of fall-related injuries are substantial in terms of loss of mobility, use of healthcare services, and waiver of hospital charges (in Singapore) and fall place enormous pressure on the healthcare systems (Lightbody et al., 2002). They also expose the staff and hospital to complaints, coroners’ inquests and litigation (Oliver, 2004). Hence, prevention of fall in acute care hospitals is an important patient and public health issue (Hitcho et al.,
MUHIMBILI UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH AND ALLIED SCIENCES SCHOOL OF NURSING TITLE: EFFECTIVENESS OF STRUCTURED TEACHING IN IMPROVING DETECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF LIFE THREATENING ARRHYTHMIAS AMONG NURSES WORKING IN CRITICAL CARE SETTINGS AT MUHIMBILI NATIONAL HOSPITAL DINNAH ISSA RUHWANYA (REG.NO. HD/MUH/T.197/2014) (MSc. Crit.
Organophosphorus insecticides are important agents of self-poisoning in developing and developed countries alike. Rampant misuse of organophospharus insecticides has been found in our country. It is in this background that a study was undertaken in Burdwan Medical College and Hospital, Burdwan, on 150 adult patients who have been admitted in the Medicine wards after consuming organophosphorus insecticides or accidental exposure to organophosphorous poison. 64 patients were male and 86 patients were female. Majority of the patients (63 patients) were in the age group of 21-30 years, and the least (10 patients) were above 40 years.
In the examples of catheterization witnessed in the hospital, those three patients were placed at risk for the development of infection. The nursing intervention of catheterization if done improperly can impair the patient. Jan Powers states urinary tract infections account for 30% of hospital infections, and of the 30%, 70-80% are related to urinary catheters (Impact of an aseptic procedure). The four nursing literature pieces used consult three main factors in preventing complications related to urinary catheterization. The first factor is the duration of how long the catheter will remain in the patient.
a. Increased b. Decreased 9. Differences in the following factors may affect stroke recovery. (Select all that apply) a. Gender b. Race c. Socioeconomic status d. Support 10. Medical complications of acute ischemic stroke are common and influence outcome after ischemic stroke. Which disease is the most frequent serious medial complication in stroke?
Research studies show that exposing nurses to disturbances constantly adversely affects their response to an extent of even turning off the alarms (McKinney, 2013). Consequently, incidences can result especially to the sick units due to those disturbing sounds which subsequently result to alarm fatigue. An alert has been raised by the Joint commission due a recent sentinel event which was heavily associated to alarm fatigue (Horkan, 2014). Research statistics by the Joint commission between 2009 and 2012 indicate that 80 death and 13 injury cases occurred as a result of alarm fatigue. Further findings from Food and Drug Administration carried out between January 2009 to June 2010, reveal that a total of 560 death occurred due to alarm fatigue and the associated effects (McKinney, 2013).
Patients who contract the influenza virus while in the hospital have a shockingly high risk of death as a result of flu complications. A recent article from Henry H. Bernstein and Jeffrey R. Starke lists the average mortality rate of all patients with hospital-acquired influenza as 16%, but notes that patients with higher risk factors, such as people who 've recently undergone transplants, have a mortality rate of between 33% and 60%. Though the flu is typically non-life threatening for the general population, the same can not be said for hospital patients who have compounding health issues. Because of the increased risk of death for hospital patients, it would be in a hospital 's best interest to require mandatory influenza vaccinations for its staff to prevent as much transmission of the virus as
Continuous mandatory onsite consultant intensivists in the ICU: Impacts on patient outcomes. J Patient Saf, (00)00, 1-6. Ezziane, Z., Maruthappu, M., Gawn, L., Thompson, E.A., Athanasiou, T., & Warren, O.J. (2012).
Introduction: Diabetes Insipidus (DI) is a common complication following pituitary surgery. It has been traditionally reported in the range of 5 to 15% after transsphenoidal resection of pituitary adenomas. Here we report our experience with Diabetes Insipidus following Endoscopic resection of pituitary adenomas. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the Stanford University Pituitary Adenoma database.