Revascularizations, secondary test referrals and cardiac events like cardiac death, unstable angina requiring hospitalization and nonfatal myocardial infarction were documented at both 90 days and 18 months. 8. The summary measures or numbers from the study. # Muhlestein’s study. The primary and secondary end points was based on intention to treat and treated analysis during a mean follow up primary event of four years with (SD,1.7).Participants who have done CCTA screening the median follow up was 3.9 years with a range of 0.2-7.1.
In 2000-2004 New Zealand health survey reported that, around 18% for Maori deaths are because of ischemic heart disease, whereas 23% of non-Maori (Robson & Harris, 2007). Stroke: Robson & Harris, (2007) describes that Stroke is a sudden interruption of blood flow to a part of the brain, causing damage to the brain cells is also known as ‘brain attack’. Stroke is the leading cause of mortality as well as disability in New Zealand. The main risk factors are high blood pressure and smoking. Surveys showed that around 800 Maori were admitted to hospital each year in that 140 per year die from stroke.
Direct results include patient harm as well as increased healthcare costs. Indirect results include harm to nurses in terms of professional and personal status, confidence, and practice (Mayo et al. 2004). Ten to 18% of all reported hospital injuries have been attributed to medication errors (Hume 1999). Five percent of all medication errors reported to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Medication communication between nurses and patients during nursing handovers on medical wards: A critical ethnographic study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 49, 941-952. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2012.02.008 This article focuses mainly on medication communication during handovers. They involved both patients and nurses. They found that poor organization of handovers, location of the handover and interruptions during the handover all interfered with the handover and potentially affected medication safety. Maxson, Pamela M., Derby, Kelly M., Wrobleski, Diane M., Foss, Diane M.. (2012).
In United States, intestinal ischemia accounts for 0.1% of all hospital admissions, the incidence of this condition has increased over the last few decades ( from 1 in 1000 to 1 in 200 hospitalization for abdominal pain). In most cases, intestinal ischemia requires emergency treatment to avoid tissue necrosis, infectious outcomes, septic shock or lethal multiple organ failure . Intestinal ischemia has been defined as impairment of the intestinal blood supply from celiac axis, superior mesenteric artery and inferior mesenteric artery, this results in tissue injury and a low-flow state with poor intestinal arterial perfusion [ 7]. Procalcitonin (PCT) is a 116-amino-acid (AA) precursor of calcitonin , that was first
It said that there are 2,000 deaths every year from needless surgery; 7,000 deaths from prescription errors in hospitals; 20,000 from other errors in hospitals; 80,000 from infections in hospitals; and 106,000 deaths every year from non-error, fatal effects of medications. In all, 225,000 deaths occur per year in the US due to unintended medical errors. This assignment analyses on one of such cases of medical negligence. It will briefly summarize the case study in the first portion of this assignment. It will then define the 4 d’s of ethics which are namely Duty, Dereliction, Damage and Direct.
In addition to the substantial morbidity and mortality associated with Staphylococcus Aureus infection, the economic cost of Staphylococcus Aureus bacteremia in this population is striking. (Engemann et al., 2005) According to Nissenson (2005) patients with end-stage renal disease and septicaemia caused by Staphylococcus Aureus had costly and lengthy hospitalisations, which frequently were associated with clinically and economically important complications, including hospital
At Monroe Rehabilitation Center, it has faces unsanitary conditions. “ In fact, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one out of every 20 patients contracts an infection while seeking health care” (Becker, 2013). Also, possible cause of an unsanitary conditions is: Improperly collected or stored hazardous materials
In India this could range from 15% to 35% depending on the total amount of waste generated (Glenn & Garwal, 1999; Anonymous, 1998; Chitnis et al., 2005)Exposure to medical waste can result in disease or injury, were the risk of sharps injury and bloodstained body fluids BBF exposure appeared high in medical waste hospitals (MWHs) (Shiferaw et al., 2012) . In UK reported 40 incidents of sharps injuries associated with medical waste handling (Franka et al., 2009), in developed countries have shown that occupational exposure to waste may result in Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection (Dounias et al., 2005). Hospital-waste handling is a hazardous waste activity which requires a high standard of training. It calls for specific training that depends on the nature of the work in the hospital, the hazards and possibility of worker exposure, and the responsibilities of individual workers (Manyele and Anicetus, 2006). The training must not only be continuous, but also comprehensive, integrated and structured with the necessary elements.
Title “CORRELATION BETWEEN SERUM CALCIUM LEVELS AND SEVERITY OF INFARCT IN PATIENTS PRESENTED WITH ACUTE ISCHEMIC STROKE” Authors Dr. Lal Badshah, Dr. Asim Khan, Dr. Shahida Malik. Dr. Lal Badshah (Assistant Professor of Medicine Islam Medical College Sialkot) Dr. Asim Khan (Registrar East medical ward mayo hospital lahore ) Dr. Shahida Malik (Assistant Professor of Obs & Gyane Islam Medical College Sialkot) Correspondence Name: Dr. Lal Badshah Designation: Assistant Professor of Medicine Email: email@example.com Phone: 0333-9848185 ABSTRACT Background Stroke or cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is the prompt loss of brain function due to disturbance in blood supply. Stroke cuts off the supply of oxygen and glucose which powers the ion pumps maintaining these gradients.Calcium plays an important role in intracellular and extracellular metabolism.