The teacher and the learner have distinct responsibilities in the classroom that adds to the desired success of the teaching and learning process. This will be proven by analysing the Brain-based Learning Theory supported by Jensen, The Social Learning Theory introduced by Vygotsky, Scaffolding introduced by Bruner and parts of the Theory of Second Language Acquisition proposed by Krashen. The concurrence between the principles of constructivism and the CAPS and constructivism linking with the lesson wheel will also be discussed. The Brain-based Learning Theory is based on the fact that the brain is “designed to learn in a natural accordance” (2008:4) and that the search for meaning is instinctive for the brain. Brain-based learning is about
The basic concept of learning is based on this theory. The mental processes as they are being influenced by either intrinsic and/or extrinsic factors, which eventually results in learning acquisition of an individual. Knowledge systems of cognitive structures are actively constructed by learners based on pre-existing cognitive structures. The teacher facilitates learning by providing an environment that promotes discovery and assimilation/accommodation. The cognitive processes are: observing, categorizing, and forming generalizations about our environment.
Inroduction In the following report the principles, benefits and challenges of independent learning will be discussed. 1.1 A classroom environment is very diverse. There are learners with different types of intelligences, cultural, social and personal backgrounds and learners with specific learning difficulties. It is important that a teacher recognize these needs and plan her teaching strategies in meeting with the learning objectives. This is where creativity and innovation enters; it is the ability to think beyond the obvious.
Flippen (2012), explained that cognitivism focuses on mind and especially mental process. With the opening of human mind thinking, knowing, recollection and solution of problem which is deemed valuable for learning. With educational technology is the best way for a teacher to using cognitivism in the classroom. Application of Theory: Herring (2012), discussed that cognitive learning theory had been center on human thought process. In this theory learning take place when new knowledge obtained or previous knowledge is modified.
Constructivism as current teaching, emphasizes the need to generate and give the student tools that it can use in their learning process with the In order to solve various problem situations. Through learning processes students construct structures, ie ways of organizing information. Because this model is that knowledge does not result in a mere copy of the pre-existing reality, but a dynamic process and interactive through which external information is interpreted and re-interpreted by the mind that builds progressively more complex and powerful schemes. Knowledge is built through experience, and this in turn leads to the creation of mindsets. These mindsets are changing, enlarging and turning more sophisticated as they incorporate new experiences and therefore new knowledge.
My concern being that help seeking is a vital component of learning as in interacting and engagement in class content. This problem can be encountered by conducting the atmosphere in the classroom to concentrate in positivity and providing inclusion. As Newman writes, “teachers and peers can facilitate adaptive help seeking by providing students with involvement, support for autonomy, and support for competence” (Newman,
ASSESSMENT AND ITS IMPORTANCE Assessment Assessment can be defined as the systematic collection of information about student learning, using the time, knowledge, expertise, and resources available, in order to inform decision about how to improve learning. Term assessment is used to describe the tests,surveys and exams. It aims at the continuing improvement of student development. The purpose of assessment is to provide information on student achievement and progress and set the direction for ongoing teaching and learning. Importance of assessment in teaching learning process Assessment is a key component of learning because it helps students learn.
PBL is a type of teaching curriculum based on making students to face problems in certain framework then ask from them to find appropriate solutions by providing a good educational environment to them. The purpose from this strategy is to motivate the active independent learning and thinking of students, and to improve
Scaffolding is mean to give necessary support to enable learner to complete the task and develop understandings that they would not able to manage by their own. The term of scaffolding shows that the quality of cognitive support which adult(specially teacher) provided during child’s learning. And how it help to stimulate children’s internalisation of mental functions. The point of view here is that teacher through their sequencing of teaching activities and through the quality of their assistance and support, it is able to challenge and extend what children are able to do. It is after children participating the activities, the learning will occur and children able to internalise the new understanding.
PART C The Teacher’s Role, Student’s Role, Content Organisation, Delivery and Assessment in Learner-Centred Teaching Learner-centred teaching focuses on the process of student learning. It is based on the constructivist learning theory that emphasizes the student’s critical role in constructing knowledge through gathering and synthesizing new information and prior experiences. Furthermore, learner-centred teaching focuses on skills and practices that could be integrating in the general skills of inquiry, communication, critical thinking, problems solving and so on. This is to enable students to develop learner autonomy and independence by putting responsibility for the learning path in the hands of students. As a result, students are developed