In fact, Coser, himself says power is not a bad thing but it is a factor that helps shape relations within a society. In his theory, Coser tries bringing out the meaning of conflict in a society; how a conflict starts in a society; how unequal distribution of power within a society leads to conflict and the consequences that it brings along. Coser drew most of his theories from Georg Simmel, rather than drawing his theories from Marx and Weber. Coser manages to be distinct from rest of his contemporaries because he was the first to consider the functional consequences of conflict.
He recognized humanity as a whole, and not just a sum of many groups or individuals. Marx was aware of the distinction between classes—he came up with the dominant class theory and the clash of class theory, and knew that if the path was continued, the gap between classes would continue to grow larger. He was a firm believer in social democracy and the issues that hatched from it. He was interested in equality for the people.
This can be applied here as Durkheim writes, "relationships are therefore needful to repair the damage if it has already been done, or to prevent it from happening ... they only arise ... to re-establish boundaries that have been violated and to reinstate each individual in his own domain (Durkheim, 1984). Unlike mechanical solidarity, organic solidarity is not based on similar traits but instead on the reestablishment of the
This belief supported Weber’s view on human rights; Weber implied that there was a relationship between bureaucracies and rights. The features of Sjoberg’s theory of human rights included focusing on the bureaucracy and the role of human agency in relation to it. Unlike Weber, Sjoberg went further into the topic and includes the inequality that occurs with individuals higher up in the hierarchy. From Sjoberg and his colleagues’ studies it was proposed that individuals are capable
The third, is alienation from other people. Marx said that through work people will be able to develop connection with other people. However, industrial capitalism causes people to compete against each other than working together. Which causes people to drift apart from each other and the possibility for comradeship is lessened. Lastly, is alienation from human potential.
The questions of the whether social inequality is justified and the extent of government to address said inequality are some of the foundations upon which societies and economies are built. Two key philosophers on this issue – John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau – differ on this subject. In Two Treatises on Government, Locke holds that individuals have a right to property derived from their labor, citizens consent to the existence of inequality in society, and governments are instituted among men to protect said property. In contrast, Rousseau writes in Discourse on the Origin of Inequality and The Social Contract that inequality should be strictly limited and that governments have a duty to act in the best interest of its citizens by maintaining
Furthermore, Adam Smith made a clear distinction between self-interest and selfishness by connecting human ethic to economic decisions as he adopts universal moral truths to describe economic behaviour. Although decisions or choices made by individuals are fundamentally based on self-interest, it is also important to note that they too include the idea of mutual sympathy and the fellow-feeling to
The best individual should be allowed to achieve the highest rank in his job; this achievement should not be equally reachable by the laziest workers. Moreover, since workers do not have an incentive to demonstrate their abilities and their intelligence, equality would make people stop working efficiently, and so the society would slow
Marxism is a system of economic, social, and political philosophy based on ideas that view social change in terms of economic factors. A general opinion is that the means of production is the economic base that impacts or resolves the political life. Marxist literary theory of how everything relates back to wealth and social and financial status, reflecting on the economical experiences of Fitzgerald. It is clear that Fitzgerald has a Marxist message in the way he develops his characters in his novel.
Since those in poverty aren 't given the same educational opportunities as those that are considered wealthy, they can 't get jobs that need higher qualifications. Poverty helps to keep those who have the qualifications in the jobs that require them thus helping society to function. The functionalist perspective believes poverty helps society keep moving, so it also believes that no one should try to alleviate poverty. This perspective doesn 't do well with change because it believes that every part of society is needed no matter how bad it can be for people. The conflict theory, believes that everything is a result of conflict and believes in minimizing the conflict as best
The United States Department of Education Office for Civil Rights shows that there has been a constant overrepresentation of minority children in what is known as special education courses. The majority of this overrepresentation occurs for African American children. Unfortunately this has been occurring for years, during the 1980’s African American students only made up sixteen percent of the total school population make up, however they represented thirty-eight percent of children that were in classes for students that were in need of special education courses. Forty years later this is still occurring, there is still an overrepresentation of African American children in special education courses, which leads to an overrepresentation of African