Emile Durkheim Theory Of Suicide

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SUICIDE Durkheim want to look at suicide because it was frequently occurred and disturbed the society. He came up with his research and presented a book called “Emile Durkheim SUICIDE: A study in sociology”. According to him, suicide was a social fact which was closely tied up with social structure not an individual personalities. He looked at the causes of suicide rather than emotional stress and explained the different types of it. People feels like they are integrated into the structure of society. Due to some disturbance in society, social factors or contexts leads to suicide, suicide rates may vary from place and time. Mostly individuals commit suicide because of social factors rather than their individual choices or preferences. In this…show more content…
Durkheim explained this with the economic disasters. If society affected badly by the economy, individual cannot tolerate the new life and society lose all its advantages which are created by public opinion. It is also same in the case of “abrupt growth of power and wealth.” When something affect the society very badly, society cannot create new system and individuals need moral to control themselves. Poverty protects against suicide because it has a limits in itself. Because individual who are in below poverty they are restricted or limited to their wants and…show more content…
In a common sense suicides rates are higher in men than women, singles than married, soldiers than civilians, time of peace than times of war. Whatever is the reason to commit suicide by some way that reason was related to society? By suicide.org statistics Over 90 percentage of people who die by suicide have mental illness at the time of their death and the most common mental illness is depression. So many social factors create depression. This untreated depression is the number one cause for suicide. He gathered suicide rates from different countries and classified them with their work, occupation. At that time suicide rates are higher in industrial and commercial occupations. He explained three types of suicide, those are Anomic, Altruistic and Egoistic suicide. Lack of regulation in society Anomic suicide occurs. And it also don’t care about individual basic passions. Altruistic suicide is a result of too much integration i.e. individuals taking his own life because of higher commandments. Egoistic suicide happens when individuals are separated from society i.e. lack of
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