Emile Durkheim's Definition Of Suicide

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Durkheim’s definition of suicide: suicide is applied to every case of death which results directly or indirectly from a positive or negative act, carried out by the victim himself, knowing that it will produce this result. – Emile Durkheim. Durkheim was of French origin and a very successful sociologist who was born on April 15th 1858. He was a key persona in the study of sociology and took a particular focus on suicide which undoubtedly had a profound impact on contemporary society today; he asked the question regarding the rates of suicide in different societies. In 1897 Durkheim revealed a breath-taking book named ‘suicide- a study in sociology’ that would prove very influential regarding his theories based around suicide and how the background of various societies may be held at the helm of the cause of suicide. In his study he looked at three countries; France, England and Denmark and investigated the rates of suicide per every million. Durkheim has shown that, for each social grouping, there is a unique tendency to suicide that can be explained neither by the "organic-psychic constitution" of individuals or by the type of the physical surroundings. The…show more content…
a recession or outbreak of war. This leaves people with no guide to rules or values, and often makes them lose sight of what is achievable, leading to no other option and resulting in anomic suicide. Durkheim also provided an interesting look into why suicides come about following divorce or unemployment. He claims the sudden freedom caused by such changes can lead to high expectations that are not usually met, resulting in disappointment and can lead to what Durkheim called altruistic suicide. This type of suicide occurs when the degree of social integration is at a high level. When a person commits this type of suicide they are greatly ensnared within a group, for example the al Qaeda suicide

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