Emile Durkheim's Theory Of Value, Values, And Socialization

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Certain values, norms, and morals in modern society are the components that hold a certain group of people together in humanity. Many theorists are interested in the reasons behind social solidarity due to values and norms. Three of the main theorists that reference values and norms throughout their work are Lawrence Kohlberg, Emile Durkheim, and Travis Hirsch. From a young age, all sorts of groups begin their own chains due to socialization. Primary socialization is shaped by parents and caregivers and this allows children to learn basic language skills and social skills as they integrate into society in various ways. Secondary socialization occurs later on in life as peers and friends have a greater influence on how individuals conform in…show more content…
Deviance is defined as the violation of cultural norms which are based on values in life and also the difference between what is viewed as right and wrong. Responding to deviance helps to clarify and perhaps push to change moral boundaries and also promotes social unity throughout nations. When somebody is punished for deviant actions, this further enforces what is believes to be affirmed as wrong in this society. However, when the opposite occurs, these actions are believed to be accepted in society. One of the main issues that Durkheim associates with deviance is crime. He claims that crime cannot be eliminated in any community as people will always have their differences and may not always agree on certain things in life. People who commit crimes may be punished but sometimes these punishments are not followed through as many people support their actions in order for an essential social…show more content…
Some general examples of norms are that children are expected to be educated, people queue up in shops and wait for their turn, people usually say ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ in order to be polite and also people do not smoke in public as it has been deemed illegal since March 2004. Some basic values that are carried in Ireland are that stealing is wrong, we must have respect for others, we must be honest and to not hurt others, be it murder, abuse, lie or cheat on. These values and norms all contribute to how communities conform and allow them to follow a certain standard of living. In conclusion, I believe that in every nation and society, values, norms, and morals allow individuals to sculpt themselves and the community into groups of people that conform in ways that are accepted in societies and allows them to determine what the difference is between right and wrong and why punishments must sometimes be used in order to control these
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